Garnet amphibolites from the Ganzi–Litang fault zone, eastern Tibetan Plateau: mineralogy, geochemistry, and implications for evolution of the eastern Palaeo-Tethys Realm

Published on Dec 10, 2018in International Geology Review3.00
· DOI :10.1080/00206814.2017.1396563
Qiu-Huan Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yu-Xiu Zhang16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 7 AuthorsLu Lu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
ABSTRACTThe Ganzi–Litang fault zone, an outstanding tectonic element in the eastern Tibetan Plateau has been intensively debated as an in-situ suture zone marking relict of a subducted Palaeo-Tethyan oceanic crust or a failed intracontinental rift. This paper reports the garnet amphibolites discovered along the Ganzi–Litang fault zone, eastern Tibetan Plateau. These garnet amphibolites are characterized by the garnet–hornblende–rutile–sphene–plagioclase–quartz assemblage. Conventional geothermobarometry figures out the metamorphic temperature and pressure conditions at 582–626°C and 1.61–1.82 GPa, respectively. Geochemical analysis (no Nb–Ta deletions and left-inclined to flat patterns of rare-earth elements) indicates that the garnet amphibolites could represent metamorphic product of the mid-ocean-ridge (MORB)-type mafic rocks that were contaminated by a mantle plume. The protolith of the garnet amphibolites was dated at 236 Ma using in-situ U–Pb zircon method, and the retrograde metamorphism was dated ...
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