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Stratigraphy, deposits, and site formation

Published on Jan 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-57524-7_2
Paul Goldberg52
Estimated H-index: 52
(University of Tübingen),
Shannon P. McPherron30
Estimated H-index: 30
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
+ 1 AuthorsDennis Sandgathe17
Estimated H-index: 17
(SFU: Simon Fraser University)
Abstract
From the outset of the Pech IV project, geoarchaeology played an integral role in the excavations.
  • References (35)
  • Citations (2)
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References35
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#1Zenobia Jacobs (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 43
#2Nathan R. Jankowski (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 6
Last. Marie Soressi (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) measurements were made on individual, sand-sized grains of quartz from Middle Palaeolithic deposits at three sites (Pech de l'Aze I, II and IV) located close to one another in the Dordogne region of southwest France. We were able to calculate OSL ages for 69 samples collected from these three sites. These ages reveal periods of occupation between about 180 and 50 thousand years ago. Our single-grain OSL chronologies largely support previous age estimates o...
11 CitationsSource
#1Vera Aldeias (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 11
#2Harold L. Dibble (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
Last. Shannon P. McPherron (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 30
view all 5 authors...
Abstract While it is true that the use of fire is undoubtedly an important behavioral trait, fire can also leave important traces in archaeological deposits, including altering previously deposited sediments and artifacts. The set of controlled experiments reported here do not focus on fire per se, but rather on the effects of some of the most important variables underlying the transfer of heat to subsurface sediments. These variables, including temperature, duration, sediment type, moisture, an...
38 CitationsSource
#1Sam C. Lin (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 12
#2Shannon P. McPherron (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 30
Last. Harold L. Dibble (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of the Cortex Ratio for quantifying the cortex composition in lithic assemblages and as a viable index of prehistoric artifact transport. Yet, the lack of means for assigning statistical confidence to archaeologically observed Cortex Ratios inhibits the approach's utility for objective comparisons and interpretation. Here, we derive statistical confidence for archaeological Cortex Ratios through Monte Carlo and resampling techniques. Exper...
22 CitationsSource
#1Shannon P. McPherron (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 30
#2David R. Braun (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 26
Last. Sam C. Lin (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 12
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Functional analyses of stone tool assemblages face a number of methodological challenges. Aside from determining specific uses, it can be difficult to know which artifacts in an assemblage were used at all. Typically retouch is taken as a proxy for indicating past use, but ignoring unretouched flakes means excluding the overwhelming majority of most assemblages. Assessing whether an unretouched flake has been used is complicated. Edge damage on flakes can be caused by use or by taphonomic proces...
24 CitationsSource
126k Citations
#1Ximena S. Villagran (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 12
#2Carlos Ernesto G.R. Schaefer (UFV: Universidade Federal de Viçosa)H-Index: 29
Last. Bertrand Ligouis (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Few geoarchaeological studies have been conducted in the Antarctic continent. This paper contains the first results of the geoarchaeological research done in two sealing sites dated from the 19th century, located in Byers Peninsula, South Shetland Islands (Antarctica). The research is part of a wider international project that aims at understanding the daily practices of the first anonymous occupants of Antarctica, and the insertion of the continent into the world system. The geoarchaeological s...
12 CitationsSource
#1Marie Soressi (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 23
#2Shannon P. McPherron (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 30
Last. Jean-Pierre Texier (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 28
view all 15 authors...
Modern humans replaced Neandertals ∼40,000 y ago. Close to the time of replacement, Neandertals show behaviors similar to those of the modern humans arriving into Europe, including the use of specialized bone tools, body ornaments, and small blades. It is highly debated whether these modern behaviors developed before or as a result of contact with modern humans. Here we report the identification of a type of specialized bone tool, lissoir, previously only associated with modern humans. The micro...
92 CitationsSource
#1Vera AldeiasH-Index: 11
#2Paul Goldberg (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 52
Last. Zeljko RezekH-Index: 9
view all 8 authors...
The association of Neandertal occupations with fire has been reported for several European late Middle Paleolithic sites. Renewed excavations at the French site of Roc de Marsal (Dordogne) have exposed a series of well-preserved fire features associated with artifact-rich Neandertal occupations. This paper provides detailed descriptions of the combustion sediments and associated archaeological assemblages, using field observations and laboratory methods, including soil micromorphology, FTIR, and...
43 CitationsSource
#1Paul Goldberg (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 52
#2Harold L. Dibble (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
Last. Alain Turq (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Pyrotechnology must be seen as one of the most important technological developments in human prehistory. Once developed it eventually came to serve a wide range of applications, but when this actually occurred is not well understood. Fire is well known at a number of Middle Palaeolithic sites in Western Europe, and the Neandertals of this region clearly made use of it at some times and at some sites. Recent excavations at two generally contemporaneous Middle Palaeolithic sites in the Dordogne re...
73 CitationsSource
#1Alain TurqH-Index: 20
#2Harold L. Dibble (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
Last. Alexandre SteenhuyseH-Index: 1
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Le gisement mousterien du Pech de l’Aze IV se situe a Carsac (Dordogne) en Perigord, pres de Sarlat, dans le sud-ouest de la France. Fouille par F. Bordes durant les annees 1970, il n’a jamais ete veritablement publie si l’on excepte l’etude que nous avons consacree en 2000 au materiel issu de ses fouilles. Les travaux de terrain effectues dans ce gisement entre 2000 et 2003 avaient pour but de faire une nouvelle lecture stratigraphique, de preciser les processus de formation du site et de dater...
25 CitationsSource
Cited By2
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#1Richard I. Macphail (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 22
1 CitationsSource
Source
#1Harold L. Dibble (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 35
#2Dennis Sandgathe (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 17
Last. Vera Aldeias (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
Significant variability has been observed in the frequency of fire use over the course of the Late Pleistocene at several Middle Paleolithic sites in southwest France. In particular, Neandertals appear to have used fire more frequently during warm climatic periods and very infrequently during cold periods. After reviewing several lines of evidence and alternative explanations for this variability, the null hypothesis that these Neandertals were not able to make fire still stands.
7 CitationsSource