Universities and higher education institutions form an integral part of the national infrastructure and prestige. As academic research benefits increasingly from international exchange and cooperation, many universities have increased investment in improving and enabling their global connectivity. Yet, the relationship of university performance and its global physical connectedness has not been explored in detail. We conduct, to our knowledge, the first large-scale data-driven analysis into whether there is a correlation between university relative ranking performance and its global connectivity via the air transport network. The results show that local access to global hubs (as measured by air transport network betweenness ) strongly and positively correlates with the ranking growth (statistical significance in different models ranges between 5% and 1% level). We also found that the local airport’s aggregate flight paths ( degree ) and capacity ( weighted degree ) has no effect on university ranking, further showing that global connectivity distance is more important than the capacity of flight connections. We also examined the effect of local city economic development as a confounding variable and no effect was observed suggesting that access to global transportation hubs outweighs economic performance as a determinant of university ranking. The impact of this research is that we have determined the importance of the centrality of global connectivity and, hence, established initial evidence for further exploring potential connections between university ranking and regional investment policies on improving global connectivity.
The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the WorldAcknowledgments ix Introduct ion: What Is Global Higher Education--and Why Does It Matter? 1 Chapter One The Worldwide Race for Talent 14 Chapter Two: Branching Out 42 Chapter Three: Wanted: World-Class Universities 70 Chapter Four: College Rankings Go Global 100 Chapter Five: For-Profits on the Move 141 Chapter Six: Free Trade in Minds 167 Afterword 194 Notes 199 Index 221 Webbots, Spiders, and Screen Scrapers: A Guide to Developing Internet Agents with PHP/CURLThe Internet is bigger and better than what a mere browser allows. Webbots, Spiders, and Screen Scrapers is for programmers and businesspeople who want to take full advantage of the vast resources available on the Web. There's no reason to let browsers limit your online experience-especially when you can easily automate online tasks to suit your individual needs. Learn how to write webbots and spi... National characteristics in international scientific co-authorship relationsThe main objective of this study is the elaboration of national characteristics in international scientific co-authorship relations. An attempt is made to find statistical evidence of symmetry and asymmetry in co-publication links, of the relation between international co-authorship and both national research profiles and citation impact. Four basic types can be distinguished in the relative speci... The Pursuit of International Students in a Commercialized WorldThe use of agents and recruiters are increasingly common by universities to attract international students. This article focuses on some of the criticisms and problems related to agents and recruiters, and points to ways that universities and governments can best serve their own needs as well as the needs of prospective students. Networks: An IntroductionThe scientific study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has received an enormous amount of interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet and the wide availability of inexpensive computers have made it possible to gather and analyze network data on a large scale, and the development of a variety of new theoretical tools has allowed us to e... Network structure, self-organization, and the growth of international collaboration in scienceDifferent approaches have been used to analyse international collaboration in science but none can fully explain its rapid growth. Using international co-authorships, we test the hypothesis that international collaboration is a self-organising network. Applying tools from network analysis, the paper shows that the growth of international co-authorships can be explained based on the organising prin... Robustness of the air transport networkThis paper presents a methodology for the detection of critical airports (those whose isolation would cause the largest losses in network connectivity) in the global air transport network (ATN), based on simulating an attack on selected ATN airports using different adaptive selection criteria. The performances of several node selection criteria are compared, together with a new criterion based on ... Comparing university rankingsRecently there is increasing interest in university rankings. Annual rankings of world universities are published by QS for the Times Higher Education Supplement, the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the Higher Education and Accreditation Council of Taiwan and rankings based on Web visibility by the Cybermetrics Lab at CSIC. In this paper we compare the rankings using a set of similarity measures. F... Estimates of the Regression Coefficient Based on Kendall's TauAbstract The least squares estimator of a regression coefficient β is vulnerable to gross errors and the associated confidence interval is, in addition, sensitive to non-normality of the parent distribution. In this paper, a simple and robust (point as well as interval) estimator of β based on Kendall's  rank correlation tau is studied. The point estimator is the median of the set of slopes (Yj... Onwards and upwards: towards a sustainable futureRoyal Society Open Science celebrated its third birthday in September 2017, and as we look ahead to fresh successes, the start of 2018 seems an opportune moment to pick out some journal highlights from the last 12 months: