Safety of Unmanned Ships: Safe Shipping with Autonomous and Remote Controlled Ships

Published on Jan 1, 2017
Risto Jalonen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Aalto University),
Risto Tuominen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Mikael Wahlström6
Estimated H-index: 6
  • References (0)
  • Citations (5)
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Abstract Autonomous vessels have become a topic of high interest for the maritime transport industry. Recent progress in the development of technologies enabling autonomous systems has fostered the idea that autonomous vessels will soon be a reality. However, before the first autonomous vessel can be released into her actual context of operation, it is necessary to ensure that it is safe. This is a major challenge as the experience of autonomous ships is very limited. This study highlights the n...
The maritime industry is experiencing a new era of digital transformation. At the same time as the number of cyberattacks and cybersecurity incidents are increasing, cybersecurity awareness and incident reporting in this sector remains low. In this paper, we describe a cybersecurity incident reporting system for the maritime industry that aims to address this issue. The work focuses on autonomous and unmanned vessels, but can be equally applied to other areas of the maritime industry. The propos...
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Abstract The concept of autonomous merchant ships is quite recent. The increasing interest in autonomous vessels is nowadays calling for smart technologies that are supposed to replace the human actions on board. This involves troublesome issues related to ship safety. In the future, decision-making processes that are conventionally performed by human beings on board ship will be moved ashore to the control centre and maybe even completely replaced by computers and smart technologies. This paper...
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#2Mert Ocak (Ericsson)H-Index: 1
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By 2020, unmanned ships such as remotely controlled boats and autonomous vessels would become operational, marking a technological revolution for the maritime industry. Such ships are expected to serve needs ranging from coastal ferries to open sea cargo handling. In this paper we detail the security vulnerabilities of such unmanned ships. The attack surface as well as motivations for attack attempts also are discussed to provide a perspective of how and why attacks are undertaken. Finally defen...
#1Krzysztof WróbelH-Index: 4
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Abstract Unmanned merchant vessels' prototypes are expected to come into operation within a few years. This revolutionary shift in the shipping industry is feared to negatively impact the safety of maritime transportation. Therefore, in order to support future designers of remotely operated merchant vessels system, we applied System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), identifying the most likely safety control structure of the analysed system and investigating it. The aim was to suggest potential...
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