Match!

Affective priming and cognitive load: Event-related potentials suggest an interplay of implicit affect misattribution and strategic inhibition

Published on Apr 1, 2018in Psychophysiology3.378
· DOI :10.1111/psyp.13009
Henning Gibbons17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Bonn),
Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Bonn)
+ 1 AuthorsRobert Schnuerch7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Bonn)
Abstract
Prior research suggests that the affective priming effect denoting prime-congruent evaluative judgments about neutral targets preceded by affective primes increases when the primes are processed less deeply. This has been taken as evidence for greater affect misattribution. However, no study so far has combined an experimental manipulation of the depth of prime processing with the benefits of ERPs. Forty-seven participants made like/dislike responses about Korean ideographs following 800-ms affective prime words while 64-channel EEG was recorded. In a randomized within-subject design, three levels of working-memory load were applied specifically during prime processing. Affective priming was significant for all loads and even tended to decrease over loads, although efficiency of the load manipulation was confirmed by reduced amplitudes of posterior attention-sensitive prime ERPs. Moreover, ERPs revealed greater explicit affective discrimination of the prime words as load increased, with strongest valence effects on central/centroparietal N400 and on the parietal/parietooccipital late positive complex under high load. This suggests that (a) participants by default tried to inhibit the processing of the prime's affect, and (b) inhibition more often failed under cognitive load, thus causing emotional breakthrough that resulted in a binding of affect to the prime and, hence, reduced affect misattribution to the target. As a correlate of affective priming in the target ERP, medial-frontal negativity, a well-established marker of (low) stimulus value, increased with increasing negative affect of the prime. Findings support implicit prime-target affect transfer as a major source of affective priming, but also point to the role of strategic top-down processes.
  • References (65)
  • Citations (3)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
7 Citations
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References65
Newest
#1Curtis D. Von Gunten (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 3
#2Bruce D. Bartholow (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 33
Last. Laura D. Scherer (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
The construct validity of the affect misattribution procedure (AMP) has been challenged by theories proposing that the task does not actually measure affect misattribution. The current study tested the validity of the AMP as a measure of affect misattribution by examining three components of the ERP known to be associated with the allocation of motivated attention. Results revealed that ERP amplitudes varied in response to affectively ambiguous targets as a function of the valence of preceding p...
2 CitationsSource
#1Tom EveraertH-Index: 6
#2Adriaan SpruytH-Index: 22
Last. Jan De HouwerH-Index: 66
view all 3 authors...
Abstract. We examined whether automatic stimulus evaluation as measured by the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) is moderated by the degree to which attention is assigned to the evaluative stimulus dimension (i.e., feature-specific attention allocation, FSAA). In two experiments, one group of participants completed a standard AMP while attending to evaluative stimulus information. A second group of participants completed the AMP while attending to non-evaluative stimulus information. In line...
8 CitationsSource
#1Robert Schnuerch (University of Bonn)H-Index: 7
#2Jasmin Richter (University of Cologne)H-Index: 3
Last. Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
Detecting one's agreement with or deviation from other people, a key principle of social cognition, relies on neurocognitive mechanisms involved in reward processing, mismatch detection, and attentional orienting. Previous studies have focused on explicit depictions of the (in)congruency of individual and group judgments. Here, we report data from a novel experimental paradigm in which participants first rated a set of images and were later simply confronted with other individuals' ostensible pr...
3 CitationsSource
#1Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
#2Robert Schnuerch (University of Bonn)H-Index: 7
Last. Jutta Stahl (University of Cologne)H-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
Previous studies on the neurophysiological underpinnings of feedback processing almost exclusively used low-ambiguity feedback, which does not fully address the diversity of situations in everyday life. We therefore used a pseudo trial-and-error learning task to investigate ERPs of low-versus high-ambiguity feedback. Twenty-eight participants tried to deduce the rule governing visual feedback to their button presses in response to visual stimuli. In the blocked condition, the same two feedback w...
13 CitationsSource
#1Andreas B. Eder (University of Würzburg)H-Index: 18
#2Roland Deutsch (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 22
Previous research showed that priming effects in the affective misattribution procedure (AMP) are unaffected by direct warnings to avoid an influence of the primes. The present research examined whether a priming influence is diminished by task procedures that encourage accurate judgments of the targets. Participants were motivated to categorize the affective meaning of nonsense targets accurately by being made to believe that a true word was presented in each trial and by providing feedback on ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Bertram Gawronski (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 47
#2Yang Ye (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 7
The affect misattribution procedure (AMP) is one of the most promising indirect measures, showing high reliability and large effect sizes. However, the AMP has been recently criticized for being susceptible to explicit influences, in that priming effects are larger and more reliable among participants who report that they intentionally responded to the primes instead of the targets. Consistent with interpretations of these effects in terms of retrospective confabulation, two experiments obtained...
15 CitationsSource
#1Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
#2Olga Bachmann (GAU: University of Göttingen)H-Index: 1
Last. Jutta Stahl (University of Cologne)H-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
We used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to investigate the various mental processes contributing to evaluative priming—that is, more positive judgments for targets preceded by affectively positive, as opposed to negative, prime stimuli. To ensure ecological validity, we employed a priori meaningful landscape pictures as targets and emotional adjectives as visual primes and presented both primes and targets for relatively long durations (>1 s). Prime-related lateralized readiness potentials...
7 CitationsSource
#1Albert Flexas (UIB: University of the Balearic Islands)H-Index: 8
#2Jaume Rosselló (UIB: University of the Balearic Islands)H-Index: 8
Last. Enric Munar (UIB: University of the Balearic Islands)H-Index: 13
view all 6 authors...
We examined the influence of affective priming on the appreciation of abstract artworks using an evaluative priming task. Facial primes (showing happiness, disgust or no emotion) were presented under brief (Stimulus Onset Asynchrony, SOA = 20ms) and extended (SOA = 300ms) conditions. Differences in aesthetic liking for abstract paintings depending on the emotion expressed in the preceding primes provided a measure of the priming effect. The results showed that, for the extended SOA, artworks wer...
16 CitationsSource
#1Cornelia Herbert (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 8
#2Roland Deutsch (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 22
Last. Paul Pauli (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 50
view all 4 authors...
onset showed larger amplitude modulations during downregulation of fearful and happy faces. Behaviorally, negating was more associated with reappraisal than with suppression. Our results suggest that in an emotional context, negation processing could be quite effective for emotional downregulation but that its effects depend on the type of the negated emotion (pleasant vs unpleasant). Results are discussed in the context of dual process models of cognition and emotion regulation.
15 CitationsSource
#1B. Keith Payne (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 32
#2Jazmin L. Brown-Iannuzzi (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 9
Last. Kristjen B. Lundberg (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 6
view all 7 authors...
A recent study of the affect misattribution procedure (AMP) found that participants who retrospectively reported that they intentionally rated the primes showed larger effect sizes and higher reliability. The study concluded that the AMP’s validity depends on intentionally rating the primes. We evaluated this conclusion in three experiments. First, larger effect sizes and higher reliability were associated with (incoherent) retrospective reports of both (a) intentionally rating the primes and (b...
48 CitationsSource
Cited By3
Newest
#1Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer (University of Bonn)H-Index: 2
#2Hannah Kirsten (University of Bonn)
Last. Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Using event-related potentials we examined the mechanisms that underlie the influence of affective context information on evaluative judgments in affective priming (AP). Participants (N = 44) evaluated a priori neutral target ideographs that were preceded by 800-ms negative, neutral or positive prime pictures. We observed a significant AP effect (APE), with more positive target ratings for targets following positive versus negative primes, with neutral primes lying in between. A greater...
Source
#1Yuanyuan Zhang (TJU: Tianjin University)
#2Baolin Liu (USTB: University of Science and Technology Beijing)
Last. Xiaorong Gao (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
Previous literatures have reported that working memory (WM) may be affected by emotions and the effect may exist in different stages of WM. However, up till now, it remains controversial whether emotions inhibit or facilitate WM and how about the mechanism of dynamic information transmission in the brain is during WM affected by emotions. In this study, we used a video database to induce three emotions (negative, neutral, and positive) and adopted a change detection paradigm based on EEG. Event-...
Source
#1Micah Amd (USP: University of the South Pacific)H-Index: 4
#2Denise Aparecida Passarelli (UFSCar: Federal University of São Carlos)H-Index: 1
Abstract Preferences towards unfamiliar drink brands may be influenced through subliminal conditioning. This can involve associating unfamiliar brands (CS) with positively valenced attributes (US) under constrained visual conditions to prevent the former's conscious detection. According to learning theory, CS associated with positive US should become increasingly preferred as the latter's positive valences generalizes (transfer) across associated CS. Similarly, correlating CS with negative US sh...
Source
#1Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer (University of Bonn)H-Index: 2
#2Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
Abstract We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the mental processes that contribute to affective priming (AP), a systematic shift of evaluative judgments about neutral targets toward the valence of preceding primes. 64 participants rated their liking of a priori neutral ideographs preceded by 800-ms emotional primewords, while 64-channel EEG was recorded. We observed a significant AP effect that was closely associated with prime valence dependent variations of the right central-...
1 CitationsSource
#1Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer (University of Bonn)H-Index: 2
#2Judith Koppehele-Gossel (University of Bonn)H-Index: 5
Last. Henning Gibbons (University of Bonn)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
In the present study event-related potentials were used to shed further light on the neural signatures of active inhibition of the (affective) content of written words. Intentional inhibition was implemented by simply asking participants (N = 32) to ignore single words that served as primes in an affective priming (AP) task. In AP, evaluations about a priori neutral targets typically tend to shift towards the valence of preceding primes, denoting an AP effect (APE). To create a plausible cover-c...
1 CitationsSource
#1Zachary Zenko (CSUB: California State University, Bakersfield)H-Index: 4
#2Panteleimon Ekkekakis (Iowa State University)H-Index: 38
Abstract Researchers increasingly recognize that exercise and physical activity may be determined by interacting explicit and implicit processes. While this trend has led to a substantial increase in the use of measures of implicit processes within exercise psychology, such measures are typically selected without a supporting rationale. To facilitate the refinement of theoretical models and the testing of interventions, investigating the internal consistency and validity of measures of implicit ...
1 CitationsSource