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A Critical Race Perspective on an Empirical Review of Asian American Parental Racial-Ethnic Socialization

Published on Jan 1, 2017
路 DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-63136-3_2
Linda P. Juang22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Potsdam),
Hyung Chol Yoo13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Annabelle L. Atkin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Abstract
This chapter reviews what we currently know about Asian American parental racial-ethnic socialization and provides historical context as well as an outlook for future directions. We first define racial-ethnic socialization and provide a brief history of immigration and racialized experiences of Asians in America. We then present a thorough review of empirical literature on Asian American parental racial-ethnic socialization with attention to measurement, highlighting key limitations of this literature. Finally, we conclude by offering directions for future research to advance scholarship on Asian American parental racial-ethnic socialization that is based on a Critical Race perspective. Understanding how Asian American parents socialize their children to become aware of issues of race, racial oppression, and resistance will continue to be a critical area for youth development.
  • References (74)
  • Citations (3)
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References74
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#1Linda P. Juang (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 22
#2Irene Park (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 1
Last. Anna S. Lau (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 31
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This article discusses influences of historical time and place on the development of children and youth of Asian descent in the U.S. Chinese, Indian, Hmong, and Filipino American experiences illustrate how history has defined race and racial stereotypes, determined cultural and community contexts, established pre-/postmigration circumstances, and influenced oppression and discrimination. Cross-cutting issues as applied to other ethnicities are discussed. By recognizing history's reach on child d...
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#1Richard M. Lee (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 37
#2Adam Y. Kim (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
Last. Xiang Zhou (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 3
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In this commentary, we put forth an Asian Americanist perspective on child development that frames, expands upon, and at times challenges the contextual, conceptual, and methodological ideas put forward by Kiang et聽al., Mistry et聽al., and Yoshikawa et聽al. (this volume). This Asian Americanist perspective draws upon scholarship in Asian American Studies and critical race theory to bridge the historical, conceptual, and methodological contributions of the three articles. We also aim to challenge c...
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Ethnic and racial minority youths in the United States are at risk for experiencing unfair treatment and other forms of marginalization based on their ethnic-racial background. The current article discusses the prevalence of perceived ethnic-racial discrimination among ethnic-racial minority children and adolescents in the United States, provides an overview of the potentially negative consequences of such experiences for youth, and explains how youths鈥 ethnic-racial identity may protect against...
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#1Linda P. Juang (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 22
#2Yishan Shen (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 9
Last. Yijie Wang (Fordham University)H-Index: 13
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To develop a measure of parental racial-ethnic socialization that is appropriate for Asian American families.To test the reliability and validity of this new measure, we surveyed 575 Asian American emerging adults (49% female, 79% U.S. born).Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the results show 7 reliable subscales: maintenance of heritage culture, becoming American, awareness of discrimination, avoidance of other groups, minimization of race, promotion of equality, and cultural p...
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This study investigated the roles of racial and ethnic socialization in the link between racial discrimination and school adjustment among a sample of 233 adopted Korean American adolescents from White adoptive families and 155 nonadopted Korean American adolescents from immigrant Korean families. Adopted Korean American adolescents reported lower levels of racial discrimination, racial socialization, and ethnic socialization than nonadopted Korean American adolescents. However, racial discrimin...
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Last. Patrick Habecker (NU: University of Nebraska鈥揕incoln)H-Index: 4
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Objectives: Thoughts of historical loss (i.e., the loss of culture, land, and people as a result of colonization) are conceptualized as a contributor to the contemporary distress experienced by North American Indigenous populations. Although discussions of historical loss and related constructs (e.g., historical trauma) are widespread within the Indigenous literature, empirical efforts to understand the consequence of historical loss are limited, partially because of the lack of valid assessment...
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The present study examined the mediating role of ethnic identity in the relation between family ethnic socialization and psychological well-being among Asian American college students. In addition, it explored the moderating role of gender in the pathways among 3 variables. Participants were 970 Asian American college students who were part of the Multi-Site University Study of Identity and Culture (MUSIC). Results from a multigroup structural equation model indicated that family ethnic socializ...
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#1Miwa Yasui (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 9
Abstract A rapid increase in the empirical literature on ethnic鈥搑acial socialization has led to the development of numerous assessments that capture various aspects of the ethnic鈥搑acial socialization process. To examine the methodological advances, this paper uses the Process Model of Ethnic鈥揜acial Socialization (PMERS) to systematically review the assessment of ethnic鈥搑acial socialization among ethnic minority families in order to review how existing measures assess differential processes of et...
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Abstract Objectives This study examined a longitudinal trend of mental health among young Asian Americans during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood and investigated explanatory factors of the trend. Method We longitudinally followed a cohort of Filipino American and Korean American youth and their families in Midwest since 2014 (N鈥=鈥1,574 in Wave 1). This study used three waves of youth data (n鈥=鈥781, MAGE鈥=鈥15 in W1). Results Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation signific...
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#1Linda P. Juang (University of Potsdam)
#2Lisa Kiang (Wake Forest University)
In our chapter we will review what we know about the prevalence of racial discrimination among Asian American children and adolescents and how these experiences of discrimination are linked to social, emotional, physical, and academic adjustment. We will consider possible vulnerability factors (e.g., family conflict) that can exacerbate the discrimination-adjustment link as well as protective factors (e.g., ethnic and racial identity, parental racial socialization) that can weaken the discrimina...
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#1Linda P. Juang (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 22
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The aim of our study was twofold: to examine (a) whether the link between racial discrimination and adjustment showed age-related changes across early to late adolescence for Chinese-heritage youth and (b) whether the age-related associations of the discrimination鈥揳djustment link differed by gender, nativity, and geographical region. We pooled two independently collected longitudinal data sets in the United States and Canada ( N = 498, ages 12鈥19 at Wave 1) and used time-varying effect modeling ...
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Acculturation strategy, a varying combination of heritage and mainstream cultural orientations and one of the significant determinants of youth development, has been understudied with Asian American youth and particularly at a subgroup-specific level. This study used person-oriented latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify acculturation strategy subtypes among Filipino American and Korean American adolescents living in the Midwest. Associations between the subtypes and numerous correlates inclu...
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