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Perceived racism and incident diabetes in the Black Women's Health Study.

Published on Aug 15, 2017in Diabetologia7.113
· DOI :10.1007/S00125-017-4400-6
Kathryn L. Bacon3
Estimated H-index: 3
(BU: Boston University),
Sherri O. Stuver7
Estimated H-index: 7
(BU: Boston University)
+ 3 AuthorsEdward A. Ruiz-Narváez24
Estimated H-index: 24
(BU: Boston University)
Abstract
Aims/hypothesis Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (4)
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References16
Newest
#1Varsha G. Vimalananda (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 11
#2Julie R. Palmer (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 7
Last. Edward A. Ruiz Narváez (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 1
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Aims/hypothesis The aim of this study was to assess shift work in relation to incident type 2 diabetes in African-American women.
32 CitationsSource
#1Yvette C. CozierH-Index: 23
#2Jeffrey YuH-Index: 11
Last. Julie R. PalmerH-Index: 7
view all 6 authors...
We assessed the relation of experiences of racism to the incidence of obesity and the modifying impact of residential racial segregation in the Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up study of US black women. Racism scores were created from 8 questions asked in 1997 and 2009 about the frequency of “everyday” racism (e.g., “people act as if you are dishonest”) and of “lifetime” racism (e.g., unfair treatment on the job). Residential segregation was measured by linking participant addresses to 200...
60 CitationsSource
#1Karen A. Scott (University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center)H-Index: 23
#2Susan J. Melhorn (Harborview Medical Center)H-Index: 7
Last. Randall R. Sakai (University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has markedly increased during the past few decades. Stress has been suggested as one environmental factor that may contribute to the development of obesity. In this review, we discuss the role that exposure to chronic stress may play in the development of obesity, with particular attention to the effects of chronic psychosocial stress. Of particular importance is the effect that social stress has on dietary preference, food consumption, and regional distr...
80 CitationsSource
#1Monica E. PeekH-Index: 26
#2Julie WagnerH-Index: 23
Last. Marshall H. ChinH-Index: 59
view all 5 authors...
Background Self-reported racial discrimination in healthcare has been associated with negative health outcomes, but little is known about its association with diabetes outcomes.
38 CitationsSource
#1Lauren A. Wise (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 46
#2Lynn Rosenberg (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 83
Last. Johanna M. Seddon (Tufts University)H-Index: 85
view all 7 authors...
Purpose To evaluate the association of self-reported type 2 diabetes, anthropometric factors, alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking with risk of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a prospective cohort study of African-American women. Methods From 1995 through 2007, 32,570 Black Women’s Health Study participants aged 21 to 69 years at baseline were followed for incident POAG. Questionnaires were mailed biennially to update exposures and identify incident cases of POAG. Incidence rate rati...
40 CitationsSource
#1Patricia F. Coogan (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 37
#2Yvette C. Cozier (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 23
Last. Julie R. Palmer (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 65
view all 7 authors...
We prospectively assessed the association of neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) with 10-year weight change and with incident obesity among 48,359 women in the Black Women's Health Study (BWHS). Lower neighborhood SES was significantly associated with 10-year weight gain after adjustment for individual SES and behavioral variables, such as physical activity and caloric intake. Low neighborhood SES was also associated with increased incidence of obesity during 10 years of follow-up among wome...
50 CitationsSource
#1Yvette C. Cozier (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 23
#2Lauren A. Wise (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 46
Last. Lynn Rosenberg (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 83
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Purpose Obesity is more common in black women than in white women. Racial discrimination is a form of chronic stress that may influence weight. Methods We assessed the association of perceived racism with weight change between 1997 and 2005 in 43,103 women from the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective follow-up of U.S. black women aged 21–69 years at entry in 1995. Eight questions about perceptions and experiences of racism were asked in 1997 from which two summary variables were created: e...
84 CitationsSource
Objectives. We investigated whether racial disparities in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes exist beyond what may be attributable to differences in socioeconomic status (SES) and other modifiable risk factors.Methods. We analyzed data from 34331 African American and 9491 White adults aged 40 to 79 years recruited into the ongoing Southern Community Cohort Study. Participants were enrolled at community health centers and had similar socioeconomic circumstances and risk factor profiles. We used lo...
111 CitationsSource
#1Eugene S. Tull (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 13
#2Malcolm A. CortH-Index: 5
Last. Keratiloe GwebuH-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
Objectives: Internalized racism (INR) is associated with metabolic abnormalities among African Caribbean women. The current study was conducted to determine if similar associations exist among Black women living in Africa. Methods: In 2003, a stratified random sample of Black adults ages $18 years was drawn from four high-density suburbs of the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. A total of 318 persons (90% of those recruited) participated. Face-toface interviews were used to gather information on demog...
19 Citations
#1Catherine C. Cowie (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 47
#2Keith F. RustH-Index: 9
Last. Edward W. GreggH-Index: 85
view all 10 authors...
OBJECTIVE —The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalences of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in U.S. adults during 1999–2002, and compare prevalences to those in 1988–1994. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) contains a probability sample of adults aged ≥20 years. In the NHANES 1999–2002, 4,761 adults were classified on glycemic status using standard criteria, based on an interview for diagnos...
1,078 CitationsSource
Cited By4
Newest
#1Stephanie L. Mayne (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 14
#2Luigi Loizzo (NU: Northwestern University)
Last. Kara M. Whitaker (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 3
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Abstract Although racial residential segregation and interpersonal racial discrimination are associated with cardiovascular disease, few studies have examined their link with diabetes risk or management. We used longitudinal data from 2,175 black participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study to examine associations of racial residential segregation (Gi* statistic) and experiences of racial discrimination with diabetes incidence and management. Multivariable ...
Source
#1Traci N. Bethea (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 13
#2Eric S. Zhou (Harvard University)H-Index: 15
Last. Lynn Rosenberg (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 83
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STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess whether perceived racial discrimination is associated with insomnia among Black women. METHODS: Data on everyday and lifetime racism and insomnia symptoms were collected from questionnaires administered in the Black Women's Health Study, an ongoing prospective cohort of Black women recruited in 1995 from across the U.S. In 2009, participants completed five questions on the frequency of discriminatory practices in daily life (everyday racism) and six questions on ever e...
1 CitationsSource
#1Darlene Lu (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 1
#2Julie R. Palmer (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 65
Last. Yvette C. Cozier (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Introduction Telomere length is considered a biomarker of human aging and premature morbidity and mortality which has been associated with chronic stress. Methods We assessed the relation between perceived racism and telomere length in the Black Women’s Health Study, a follow-up study of US black women begun in 1995. Participants were asked about frequency of “everyday racism” (e.g., “people act as if they think you are not intelligent”) and “institutional racism” (e.g., “ever treated u...
1 CitationsSource
#1Michael HendryxH-Index: 35
#2Wanda K Nicholson (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 17
Last. Juhua LuoH-Index: 21
view all 10 authors...
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether social relationship variables (social support, social strain, social network size, and stressful life events) were associated with risk of developing type 2 diabetes among postmenopausal women. METHOD: 139,924 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 years without prevalent diabetes at baseline were followed for a mean of 14 years. 19,240 women developed diabetes. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models tested associations between social relationship variables and dia...
1 CitationsSource