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Perceived racism and incident diabetes in the Black Women's Health Study.

Published on Nov 1, 2017in Diabetologia7.11
· DOI :10.1007/s00125-017-4400-6
Kathryn L. Bacon2
Estimated H-index: 2
(BU: Boston University),
Sherri O. Stuver33
Estimated H-index: 33
(BU: Boston University)
+ 3 AuthorsEdward A. Ruiz-Narváez22
Estimated H-index: 22
(BU: Boston University)
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Abstract
Aims/hypothesis Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (1)
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References16
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2015in Diabetologia7.11
Varsha G. Vimalananda10
Estimated H-index: 10
(BU: Boston University),
Julie R. Palmer38
Estimated H-index: 38
(BU: Boston University)
+ 4 AuthorsEdward A. Ruiz Narváez1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BU: Boston University)
Aims/hypothesis The aim of this study was to assess shift work in relation to incident type 2 diabetes in African-American women.
Published on Apr 1, 2014in American Journal of Epidemiology4.47
Yvette C. Cozier20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Jeffrey Yu10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 3 AuthorsJulie R. Palmer38
Estimated H-index: 38
We assessed the relation of experiences of racism to the incidence of obesity and the modifying impact of residential racial segregation in the Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up study of US black women. Racism scores were created from 8 questions asked in 1997 and 2009 about the frequency of “everyday” racism (e.g., “people act as if you are dishonest”) and of “lifetime” racism (e.g., unfair treatment on the job). Residential segregation was measured by linking participant addresses to 200...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Current obesity reports
Karen A. Scott22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center),
Susan J. Melhorn16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Harborview Medical Center),
Randall R. Sakai1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center)
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has markedly increased during the past few decades. Stress has been suggested as one environmental factor that may contribute to the development of obesity. In this review, we discuss the role that exposure to chronic stress may play in the development of obesity, with particular attention to the effects of chronic psychosocial stress. Of particular importance is the effect that social stress has on dietary preference, food consumption, and regional distr...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Medical Care3.79
Monica E. Peek23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Julie Wagner22
Estimated H-index: 22
+ 2 AuthorsMarshall H. Chin58
Estimated H-index: 58
Background Self-reported racial discrimination in healthcare has been associated with negative health outcomes, but little is known about its association with diabetes outcomes.
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Annals of Epidemiology2.55
Lauren A. Wise42
Estimated H-index: 42
(BU: Boston University),
Lynn Rosenberg82
Estimated H-index: 82
(BU: Boston University)
+ 4 AuthorsJohanna M. Seddon84
Estimated H-index: 84
(Tufts University)
Purpose To evaluate the association of self-reported type 2 diabetes, anthropometric factors, alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking with risk of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a prospective cohort study of African-American women. Methods From 1995 through 2007, 32,570 Black Women’s Health Study participants aged 21 to 69 years at baseline were followed for incident POAG. Questionnaires were mailed biennially to update exposures and identify incident cases of POAG. Incidence rate rati...
Published on Oct 1, 2010in Obesity3.97
Patricia F. Coogan34
Estimated H-index: 34
(BU: Boston University),
Yvette C. Cozier20
Estimated H-index: 20
(BU: Boston University)
+ 4 AuthorsJulie R. Palmer58
Estimated H-index: 58
(BU: Boston University)
We prospectively assessed the association of neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) with 10-year weight change and with incident obesity among 48,359 women in the Black Women's Health Study (BWHS). Lower neighborhood SES was significantly associated with 10-year weight gain after adjustment for individual SES and behavioral variables, such as physical activity and caloric intake. Low neighborhood SES was also associated with increased incidence of obesity during 10 years of follow-up among wome...
Published on Jun 1, 2009in Annals of Epidemiology2.55
Yvette C. Cozier20
Estimated H-index: 20
(BU: Boston University),
Lauren A. Wise42
Estimated H-index: 42
(BU: Boston University)
+ 1 AuthorsLynn Rosenberg82
Estimated H-index: 82
(BU: Boston University)
Purpose Obesity is more common in black women than in white women. Racial discrimination is a form of chronic stress that may influence weight. Methods We assessed the association of perceived racism with weight change between 1997 and 2005 in 43,103 women from the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective follow-up of U.S. black women aged 21–69 years at entry in 1995. Eight questions about perceptions and experiences of racism were asked in 1997 from which two summary variables were created: e...
Published on Dec 1, 2007in American Journal of Public Health5.38
Lisa B. Signorello54
Estimated H-index: 54
,
David G. Schlundt39
Estimated H-index: 39
+ 5 AuthorsWilliam J. Blot95
Estimated H-index: 95
Objectives. We investigated whether racial disparities in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes exist beyond what may be attributable to differences in socioeconomic status (SES) and other modifiable risk factors.Methods. We analyzed data from 34331 African American and 9491 White adults aged 40 to 79 years recruited into the ongoing Southern Community Cohort Study. Participants were enrolled at community health centers and had similar socioeconomic circumstances and risk factor profiles. We used lo...
Published on Jan 1, 2007in Ethnicity & Disease1.15
Eugene S. Tull12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Malcolm A. Cort4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsKeratiloe Gwebu2
Estimated H-index: 2
Objectives: Internalized racism (INR) is associated with metabolic abnormalities among African Caribbean women. The current study was conducted to determine if similar associations exist among Black women living in Africa. Methods: In 2003, a stratified random sample of Black adults ages $18 years was drawn from four high-density suburbs of the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. A total of 318 persons (90% of those recruited) participated. Face-toface interviews were used to gather information on demog...
Published on Jun 1, 2006in Diabetes Care15.27
Catherine C. Cowie43
Estimated H-index: 43
,
Keith F. Rust11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 7 AuthorsEdward W. Gregg79
Estimated H-index: 79
OBJECTIVE —The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalences of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in U.S. adults during 1999–2002, and compare prevalences to those in 1988–1994. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) contains a probability sample of adults aged ≥20 years. In the NHANES 1999–2002, 4,761 adults were classified on glycemic status using standard criteria, based on an interview for diagnos...
Cited By1
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Annals of Epidemiology2.55
Darlene Lu (BU: Boston University), Julie R. Palmer58
Estimated H-index: 58
(BU: Boston University)
+ 4 AuthorsYvette C. Cozier20
Estimated H-index: 20
(BU: Boston University)
Abstract Introduction Telomere length is considered a biomarker of human aging and premature morbidity and mortality which has been associated with chronic stress. Methods We assessed the relation between perceived racism and telomere length in the Black Women’s Health Study, a follow-up study of US black women begun in 1995. Participants were asked about frequency of “everyday racism” (e.g., “people act as if they think you are not intelligent”) and “institutional racism” (e.g., “ever treated u...
Michael Hendryx22
Estimated H-index: 22
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington),
Wanda K Nicholson26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
+ 7 AuthorsJuhua Luo18
Estimated H-index: 18
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington)