Highly sensitive and selective solid-contact calcium sensor based on Schiff base of benzil with 3-aminosalycilic acid covalently attached to polyacrylic acid amide for health care
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry2.531
· DOI :10.1007/s10008-017-3727-8
Solid-state potentiometric calcium sensors based on newly synthesized Schiff’s base of 3-aminosalycilic acid with benzil [2-hydroxy-3-(2-oxo-1,2-diphenylethylidene)amino) benzoic acid] ionophore I and with isatin [2-hydroxy-3-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene amino)benzoic acid] ionophore II ionophores and their covalently attached to polyacrylamide ionophores III and IV, respectively, were developed. The all-solid-state sensors were constructed by the application of a thin film of polymeric membrane cocktail onto gold electrodes that were pre-coated with the conducting polymer poly (3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophen) as an ion and electron transducer. More than 40 sensors with membranes containing plasticized PVC or poly(butyl methacrylate-co-dodecyl methacrylate as a plasticizer-free membrane matrix were investigated. The constructed sensors contained various amounts of the different ionophores with and without anionic lipophilic additive. The sensor containing 10% of ionophore III and 3% tetra (p-chlorophenyl) borate in acrylate copolymer exhibited a stable potentiometric response over a wide pH range of 4–9. It possessed a linear concentration range of 6 10−10 to 1 10−2 mol L−1 with a Nernstian slope of 28.5 mV/decade and a limit of detection (LOD) of 2 10−10 mol L−1. It exhibited a good selectivity for calcium to other cations. The selectivity coefficients towards different mono-, di- and trivalent cations were determined with the fixed interference method (FIM) and separate solution method (SSM). The sensor’s life time is more than 3 months, without significant deterioration in the slope. The proposed sensors were utilized for the determination of calcium concentration in serum. The results were compared with those obtained from routine clinical laboratory electrolyte analyser. The results reveal that the all-solid-state calcium sensor is promising for the point of care testing.