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Understanding Variations in Judgments of Infidelity: An Application of Attribution Theory

Published on Sep 3, 2017in Basic and Applied Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1080/01973533.2017.1350578
Ashley E. Thompson8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Lucia F. O'Sullivan19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UNB: University of New Brunswick)
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Abstract
ABSTRACTThe current program of research examined how the four dimensions of the attribution (locus of causality, controllability, stability, intentionality) influenced judgments of a partner’s hypothetical infidelity and actor-observer discrepancies associated with judgments of real-life infidelity. The results from Study 1 (N = 396) revealed that the dimensions of the attribution affected the extent to which adults’ judged a partner’s hypothetical behavior as indicative of infidelity differently depending on the type of behavior. When reporting on real-life behavior (Study 2, N = 802), adults attributed the cause of their partner’s infidelity as being a result of internal, controllable, stable, and intentional causes to a greater extent than when judging their own infidelity.
  • References (45)
  • Citations (3)
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References45
Newest
#1Ashley E. Thompson (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 8
#2Caileigh N. Zimmerman (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 1
Last. Elle A. Moore (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Previous research has revealed the importance of assessing the influence of rival characteristics on sex differences in reports of romantic jealousy. However, no research has addressed how a hypothetical rival may influence sex differences in judgments of infidelity (i.e., the range of behaviors incorporated into an individual’s understanding of infidelity). Thus, the current study adopted evolutionary theory as a framework for examining whether differences in a hypothetical rivals’ sex, sexual ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Ashley E. Thompson (UNB: University of New Brunswick)H-Index: 8
#2Lucia F. O'Sullivan (UNB: University of New Brunswick)H-Index: 19
Infidelity is a leading cause of relationship discord and dissolution, and couples generally report expectations to maintain monogamy. However, a majority of men and women report engaging in some form of infidelity at least once in their lives. Research assessing judgments of the behaviors that constitute infidelity is lacking. The three studies reported here advanced the literature by developing and validating the Definitions of Infidelity Questionnaire (DIQ), a comprehensive measure examining ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Ashley E. Thompson (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 8
#2Lucia F. O'Sullivan (UNB: University of New Brunswick)H-Index: 19
Despite strong prohibition against infidelity and endorsement of exclusivity as a norm, many people report engaging in infidelity. The current study examined this paradox by employing a between-subject design using online surveys with 810 adults to assess actor-observer biases in the degree of permissiveness judging own versus partner's hypothetical behaviour, as well as hypocrisy in judgments of infidelity versus self-reported behaviour. Participants judged their own behaviour more permissively...
10 CitationsSource
#1Lin Jia TanH-Index: 1
#2Kah Ing HwongH-Index: 1
Last. Michelle Chin Chin LeeH-Index: 1
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The current paper review researches on sexual and online infidelity from personality perspectives. This is done through looking from Dark Triad Traits, The Big Five Factors and HEXACO. 51 studies from various journals were reviewed and showed supportive findings between personality and infidelity. Individuals high in the Dark Triads: psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism were associated with committing infidelity. For the Big Five Factors, conscientiousness was linked to lower infidelity...
1 Citations
#1Daniel J. Kruger (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 23
#2Maryanne L. Fisher (Saint Mary's University)H-Index: 22
Last. Sarah L. Strout (Dominican College)H-Index: 3
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We generated an inventory of 27 interpersonal behaviors and examined the extent to which participants judged each behavior as cheating on a long-term partner. We predicted variation in these judgments based on participant sex and attachment insecurity. Ratings for items ranged considerably; participants rated sexual behaviors as most indicative of cheating, then erotic behaviors, followed by behaviors consistent with a romantic relationship, and then behaviors related to financial support. Women...
30 CitationsSource
#1Christin L. Munsch (Cornell University)H-Index: 6
This article provides an overview of research on infidelity in an effort to synthesize past studies and orient future studies. It begins with infidelity estimates, followed by a synopsis of evolutionary explanations prominent in both popular and academic writing. Despite the potential utility of evolutionary arguments, I argue that infidelity needs to be understood as a dynamic social process subject to influence by the context in which it is embedded. This conceptualization urges scholars to at...
19 CitationsSource
#1Karen Wilson (CSI: College of Staten Island)H-Index: 2
#2Brent A. Mattingly (Ashland University)H-Index: 13
Last. Amanda W. BequetteH-Index: 2
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ABSTRACT Prior research has distinguished between emotional versus sexual infidelity. Two studies examined the development of the Perceptions of Dating Infidelity Scale (PDIS) to assess attitudes toward specific behaviors that constitute these types of infidelity in romantic relationships. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated three factors to the scale: Ambiguous, Deceptive, and Explicit behaviors. In both studies, there were gender differences on ratings of the behaviors. The ...
47 CitationsSource
#1Pei Hsuan Peggy Hsieh (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 1
#2Diane L. SchallertH-Index: 29
Although studies on self-efficacy and attribution have independently contributed to the motivation literature, these two constructs have rarely been considered together in the domain of foreign language learning. Here, 500 undergraduates in Spanish, German, and French courses were asked to report whether test scores represented a successful or unsuccessful outcome and to provide attribution and self-efficacy ratings upon receiving their grades. Representing an innovation over previous studies, a...
107 CitationsSource
#1Shlomo Hareli (University of Haifa)H-Index: 14
#2Ursula Hess (Université du Québec)H-Index: 44
The present research addressed the question of what it is that makes certain types of feedback on the reasons for failure hurtful. The results of two studies demonstrated that the causal structure implied by an explanation for failure explains the degree to which the explanation is perceived as hurtful and likely to elicit anger, shame, and guilt. In contrast, the perceived validity of the explanations is of relatively less importance for the elicitation of hurt feelings and anger than the conte...
19 CitationsSource
#1Zoe J. Pearce (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 1
#2W. Kim Halford (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 31
This study explored whether attributions for negative partner behavior mediate the association between insecure attachment and negative couple communication, using both self-report and observational data. A sample of 59 married and cohabiting Australian couples completed self-report measures of attachment, attributions, and communication; were videotaped participating in two 10-min problem-solving discussions; and were assessed on their attributions during the discussions using video-mediated re...
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Cited By3
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#1Ashley E. Thompson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 8
#2Elle A. Moore (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 3
Last. Aaron T. Karst (University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Research has demonstrated that implicit and explicit attitudes toward consensual nonmonogamy (CNM; sexually and/or emotionally nonexclusive romantic relationships) are less favorable than those toward monogamy. Although this general pattern of results is often reported, it is not clear to what extent this implicit difference reflects negative associations with CNM. To investigate this issue, the current study assessed 355 U.S. early emerging adults' (89 men, 265 women, one gender nonconforming) ...
Source
#1Ashley E. ThompsonH-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
Two studies were conducted to identify variables associated with hypothetical infidelity forgiveness and promote forgiveness by manipulating implicit theories of relationships (ITRs; destiny/growth beliefs). Study 1 assessed the relationship between the type of behaviour, sex of the forgiver, ITRs and infidelity forgiveness. Study 2 investigated the causal relationship between ITRs and infidelity forgiveness (including attachment insecurity as a moderator). Results revealed that male participant...
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#1Danica Kulibert (Tulane University)H-Index: 2
#2Ashley E. Thompson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 8
ABSTRACTThe goal of the current study was to examine whether perspective-taking could be an effective method for reducing the actor-observer bias seen in judgments of infidelity. Specifically, 708 adults judged the extent to which 32 behaviors were indicative of infidelity after being assigned to one of nine conditions in which the person engaging in infidelity (actor, partner, stranger) and the perspective-taking instructions (perspective-taking, stay objective, no instructions) were manipulate...
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#1Marta Pizzetti (USI: University of Lugano)H-Index: 3
#2Peter Seele (USI: University of Lugano)H-Index: 11
Last. Michael Gibbert (USI: University of Lugano)H-Index: 21
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This research investigates how contextual factors affect unethicality assessment of products. The research is conducted in the context of gifts and compares interpersonal gifts (IGs) and self-gifts...
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#1Ana M. Beltrán-Morillas (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 1
#2Inmaculada Valor-Segura (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 8
Last. Francisca Expósito (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 17
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Infidelity is considered an unforgivable betrayal. However, not all behaviours considered unfaithful affect the person who suffers them in the same way. Therefore, to have a better understanding of unforgiveness according to different extradyadic behaviours, two studies were designed. Study 1 (N = 240) explored which extradyadic behaviours are considered as more indicative of infidelity. The results revealed that sexual behaviours were considered more unfaithful when compared with technological,...
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