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Uranium and carbon isotopes document global-ocean redox-productivity relationships linked to cooling during the Frasnian-Famennian mass extinction

Published on Oct 1, 2017in Geology5.01
· DOI :10.1130/G39393.1
Huyue Song13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences),
Haijun Song19
Estimated H-index: 19
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 6 AuthorsAriel D. Anbar56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University)
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  • References (29)
  • Citations (12)
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References29
Newest
Published on Mar 31, 2017in Bulletin of Geosciences1.50
Claudia Spalletta8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Maria Cristina Perri7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsCarlo Corradini10
Estimated H-index: 10
Published on Feb 1, 2017in Geology5.01
Maya Elrick19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Victor J. Polyak29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
+ 6 AuthorsZhong-Qiang Chen34
Estimated H-index: 34
(China University of Geosciences)
Uranium isotopes (238U/235U) in carbonates, a proxy for global-ocean redox conditions owing to their redox sensitivity and long residence time in seawater, exhibit substantial variability in the Daxiakou section of south China from the upper-middle Permian through the mid-lower Triassic (∼9 m.y.). Middle and late Permian ocean redox conditions were similar to that of the modern ocean and were characterized by improving oxygenation in the ∼2 m.y. prior to the latest Permian mass extinction (LPME)...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Xueping Ma10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PKU: Peking University),
Yiming Gong3
Estimated H-index: 3
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 3 AuthorsWeihua Liao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The Frasnian–Famennian (F–F) event may be recognized in various facies areas in South China. In the pelagic cherty basin facies, both Lower and Upper Kellwasser events can seemingly be recognized. In the deeper water carbonate facies, the F–F event level is well controlled in light of conodont biostratigraphy. In the shallow water carbonate and mixed carbonate-shale facies, the F–F boundary may be defined by clear taxonomic distinction in benthic fossils (articulate brachiopods and cora...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta4.26
F. L. H. Tissot9
Estimated H-index: 9
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Nicolas Dauphas47
Estimated H-index: 47
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Abstract The 238 U/ 235 U isotopic composition of uranium in seawater can provide important insights into the modern U budget of the oceans. Using the double spike technique and a new data reduction method, we analyzed an array of seawater samples and 41 geostandards covering a broad range of geological settings relevant to low and high temperature geochemistry. Analyses of 18 seawater samples from geographically diverse sites from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Mexi...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
Min Sub Sim11
Estimated H-index: 11
(NU: Northwestern University),
Shuhei Ono28
Estimated H-index: 28
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Matthew T. Hurtgen20
Estimated H-index: 20
(NU: Northwestern University)
High amplitude positive carbon isotope excursions in the Late Devonian, the punctata and Kellwasser events, reflect major perturbations in the global carbon cycle that have been attributed to increased continental weathering and subsequent ocean eutrophication. Despite the comparable carbon isotope anomalies, however, a major extinction has been reported only for the Kellwasser Events, while the punctata Event is marked by low extinction intensity. This study presents multiple sulfur isotope rec...
Michael T. Whalen13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UAF: University of Alaska Fairbanks),
Maciej G. Śliwiński7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 3 AuthorsAnne-Christine Da Silva13
Estimated H-index: 13
We investigate the Late Devonian Frasnian- Famennian extinction interval in western Alberta and south China to shed light on the palaeoecological and palaeoceanographic conditions that characterize this biotic crisis. Both the Lower and Upper Kellwasser events are documented in western Canada. Only the Upper Kellwasser event has been evaluated in south China. Our multi- proxy geochemical approach reveals that these events are characterized by positive d 13 C and d 15 N excursions and increasing ...
Published on Nov 1, 2014in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Michael J Formolo11
Estimated H-index: 11
(TU: University of Tulsa),
Natascha Riedinger15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UCR: University of California, Riverside),
Benjamin C. Gill22
Estimated H-index: 22
(VT: Virginia Tech)
Abstract Several mass extinction events occurred in the Late Devonian, but the trigger for these events remains elusive. In this study, geochemical evidence in the Late Devonian Antrim Shale, Michigan Basin, U.S.A., records episodic euxinia contemporaneous with these extinction events. Diagnostic changes in iron proxy data and elevated trace metal enrichments correspond to the Kellwasser Crisis. In this study, carbon, sulfur, iron and trace metal geochemistry preserved in the Antrim Formation va...
Published on Sep 1, 2014in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
Tais Wittchen Dahl14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Wild Center),
Richard A. Boyle9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Exeter)
+ 4 AuthorsMartin Bizzarro32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Wild Center)
a b s t r a c t Anoxic marine zones were common in early Paleozoic oceans (542-400 Ma), and present a potential link to atmospheric pO2 via feedbacks linking global marine phosphorous recycling, primary production and organic carbon burial. Uranium (U ) isotopes in carbonate rocks track the extent of ocean anoxia, whereas carbon (C ) and sulfur (S) isotopes track the burial of organic carbon and pyrite sulfur (primary long-term sources of atmospheric oxygen). In combination, these proxies theref...
Published on Aug 1, 2014in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
Morten B. Andersen23
Estimated H-index: 23
(ETH Zurich),
Stephen J. Romaniello13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ASU: Arizona State University)
+ 3 AuthorsTimothy W. Lyons65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UCR: University of California, Riverside)
Abstract The abundance and isotope composition of redox sensitive elements in ancient sediments are increasingly used to understand the past ocean's geochemical state and the oxygenation history of the Earth. The redox transition of uranium (U) from soluble U +6 to relatively insoluble U +4 and its subsequent incorporation into reduced sediments has been used to deduce the redox state of the oceans in the past. Furthermore, recent analytical improvements have revealed significant 238 U/ 235 U fr...
Published on Apr 1, 2014in Geology5.01
Annette D. George16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Nancy Chow10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UM: University of Manitoba),
Kate Trinajstic16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
The close association of anoxic or dysoxic sedimentary rocks and the major Late Devonian (Frasnian–Famennian) mass extinction has focused considerable attention on anoxia as the major cause or as a major factor in a multicausal scenario. The record of the Late Devonian biotic crisis in the well-known reef complexes of northwestern Australia (Canning Basin), in contrast to many localities elsewhere, does not display sedimentological evidence of anoxia through the Frasnian–Famennian boundary inter...
Cited By12
Newest
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Wenkun Qie6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Thomas J. Algeo28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UC: University of Cincinnati)
+ 1 AuthorsAchim D. Herrmann13
Estimated H-index: 13
(LSU: Louisiana State University)
Abstract The Late Paleozoic (Early Devonian to Middle Permian) was an interval of profound changes in Earth-surface systems, reflected in dynamic interplay among the biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and geosphere. Major events transpired, including the colonization of landmasses by vascular plants, the assembly of the supercontinent Pangea, two first-order mass extinctions (the Frasnian-Famennian and Devonian-Carboniferous boundary events), and the most severe icehouse climate mode of the Pha...
Kimberly V. Lau6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Stephen J. Romaniello13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Feifei Zhang6
Estimated H-index: 6
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Global and Planetary Change4.10
Sarah K. Carmichael7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ASU: Appalachian State University),
Johnny A. Waters14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ASU: Appalachian State University)
+ 2 AuthorsErika Kido6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Graz)
Abstract The Late Devonian (383-359 Ma) was a time of prolonged climate instability with catastrophic perturbation of global marine ecosystems at the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) and the Devonian-Carboniferous (D-C) boundaries. The causes and mechanisms of anoxia and extinction at the F-F interval are not clearly delineated, and alternative explanations for virtually every aspect of this interval are still intensely debated. In many (but not all) locations, the F-F interval is characterized by two d...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta4.26
F. L. H. Tissot9
Estimated H-index: 9
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Cindy Chen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(U of C: University of Chicago)
+ 5 AuthorsNicolas Dauphas47
Estimated H-index: 47
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Using a leaching protocol designed for the study of U isotopes in recent carbonates, we measured the U isotope composition, both ^(238)U/^(235)U and ^(234)U/^(238)U, of modern and ancient corals (n = 6), a limestone and a dolostone, as well as 43 shallow-water carbonate sediments from the ODP Leg 166 Site 1009 drill core, on the slope of the Bahamas platform. Although bulk corals record the seawater δ^(238)U value within ±0.02‰, differences of up to 0.30‰ in the δ^(238)U of individual leachates ...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
David A. White1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Maya Elrick19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
+ 1 AuthorsFeifei Zhang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Abstract The Late Devonian extinction ranks as one of the ‘big five’ Phanerozoic extinctions affecting up to 80% of marine species and is characterized by two major extinction events that are separated by δ 238 U) across a ∼7 My interval of well-dated Upper Devonian marine limestones from the Devil's Gate Formation in Nevada, USA. The measured δ 238 U curve shows no co-variation with local sediment-derived redox trends, water-depth dependent facies changes, redox-sensitive metals, TOC, or diagno...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Scientific Reports4.01
L. M. E. Percival1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNIL: University of Lausanne),
Joshua H.F.L. Davies8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Geneva)
+ 3 AuthorsKarl B. Föllmi32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UNIL: University of Lausanne)
The Frasnian–Famennian boundary records one of the most catastrophic mass extinctions of the Phanerozoic Eon. Several possible causes for this extinction have been suggested, including extra-terrestrial impacts and large-scale volcanism. However, linking the extinction with these potential causes is hindered by the lack of precise dating of either the extinction or volcanic/impact events. In this study, a bentonite layer in uppermost-Frasnian sediments from Steinbruch Schmidt (Germany) is re-ana...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta4.26
Xinming Chen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Stephen J. Romaniello13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ASU: Arizona State University)
+ 2 AuthorsAriel D. Anbar56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Abstract Determining whether U isotopes are fractionated during incorporation into biogenic carbonates could help to refine the application of 238 U/ 235 U in CaCO 3 as a robust paleoredox proxy. Recent laboratory experiments have demonstrated that heavy uranium (U) isotopes were preferentially incorporated into abiotic aragonite, with an isotope fractionation of ∼0.10‰ ( 238 U/ 235 U). In contrast, no detectable U isotope fractionation has been observed in most natural primary biogenic carbonat...
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
Xiangdong Wang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China University of Geosciences),
Peter A. Cawood66
Estimated H-index: 66
(Monash University)
+ 6 AuthorsChen Han2
Estimated H-index: 2
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract Life on Earth suffered its greatest bio-crisis since multicellular organisms rose 600 million years ago during the end-Permian mass extinction. Coincidence of the mass extinction with flood basalt eruptions in Siberia is well established, but the exact causal connection between the eruptions and extinction processes in South China is uncertain due to their wide spatial separation and the absence of direct geochemical evidence linking the two. The concentration and stable isotope analysi...
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
Cheng Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Michael M. Joachimski42
Estimated H-index: 42
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg),
Yiming Gong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract The impact of climate change on biodiversity has been the focus of studies on the Phanerozoic biotic crises. However, it is still controversial whether climate change has caused the Frasnian–Famennian (F–F) biotic crisis since there is no unequivocal view on the global climate change during this critical period. In order to reconstruct palaeotemperatures during the F–F transition in South China (eastern Palaeotethys), a high-resolution oxygen isotope ( δ 18 O PO 4 ) record was obtained ...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta4.26
Ashleigh v.S. Hood10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Yale University),
Noah J. Planavsky36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Yale University)
+ 1 AuthorsXiangli Wang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Yale University)
Abstract Metal and metal isotope records in carbonates have the potential to provide novel insights into ancient ocean–atmosphere redox conditions, paleoenvironmental conditions, and biogeochemical cycling. However, trace element geochemical signatures in carbonates can record either diagenetic or depositional signatures. Here we explore the variability in uranium isotopes, trace metal and rare earth element + yttrium (REY) concentrations in carbonate successions that have undergone several comm...