Rach Nui: ground stone technology in coastal Neolithic settlements of southern Vietnam

Published on Aug 1, 2017in Antiquity1.469
· DOI :10.15184/aqy.2017.71
Catherine Frieman6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ANU: Australian National University),
Phillip J. Piper1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ANU: Australian National University)
+ 2 AuthorsMarc Oxenham20
Estimated H-index: 20
(ANU: Australian National University)
The discovery of a small portable grinding stone at Rach Nui in southern Vietnam provides significant new insights into regional Neolithic trade networks and ground stone technologies. Previous research held that the manufacture of stone tools took place near stone sources in the interior, along the Dong Nai and Be River basins, but the Rach Nui grinding stone comes from a Neolithic site in the Mekong Delta, approximately 80km to the south-east. This suggests that some manufacturing occurred away from raw material sources. Technological analysis indicates that the artefact was a portable tool for the polishing, maintenance and repair of ground stone adzes. Its discovery at Rach Nui may indicate the presence of specialist tool makers or itinerant traders. This research illustrates the complexity of Neolithic trading networks, and highlights the technological expertise that circulated alongside finished and incomplete objects.
  • References (17)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Marc Oxenham (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 20
#2Philip Piper (UP: University of the Philippines Diliman)H-Index: 17
Last. Jasminda Ceron (University of Otago)H-Index: 1
view all 13 authors...
This research was supported by the Australian Research Council, grants DP110101097, FT 120100299, and FT100100527.
21 CitationsSource
#1Carmen SarjeantH-Index: 1
4 Citations
#1Yorke M. RowanH-Index: 11
#2Jennie R. EbelingH-Index: 3
1. Introduction: Keeping our Noses to the Grinding Stone Yorke M. Rowan and Jennie R. Ebeling Part I: Production and Exchange 2. Geological Constraints on Ground Stone Production and Consumption in the Southern Levant Joan S. Schneider (University of California, Riverside) and Philip C. LaPorta (La Porta & Associates) 3. Discovery of a Medieval Islamic Industry for Steatite Cooking Vessels in Egypt's Eastern Desert James A. Harrell and V. Max Brown (The University of Toledo) 4. Beyond the Moh Sc...
18 Citations
#1Li Liu (Stanford University)H-Index: 20
#2Wei Ge (Ha Tai: Xiamen University)H-Index: 2
Last. Xingcan ChenH-Index: 12
view all 7 authors...
Abstract China is one of the few centers in the world where plant domestication evolved independently, but its developmental trajectory is poorly understood. This is because there is considerably less data from the terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene documented in China than in other regions, such as the Near East and Mesoamerica, and previous studies on Paleolithic subsistence in China have largely focused on animal hunting rather than plant gathering. To resolve these problems the current ...
64 CitationsSource
#1Dawei Tao (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Yan Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
Last. Changsui Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Large numbers of groundstone tools have been uncovered from archaeological sites in the Early Neolithic period in China. Traditionally they are often regarded as agricultural tools for processing cereals. In this paper we report preliminary starch grain analysis of groundstone tools from Baiyinchanghan site to gain a better understanding of use of these tools in the Northeast China. We found that starch grains on these groundstone tools are most likely from Quercus sp. The result of this study i...
13 CitationsSource
#1Peter BellwoodH-Index: 35
#2Marc OxenhamH-Index: 20
Last. Noel AmanoH-Index: 7
view all 22 authors...
Between 4500 and 3500 years ago, partially intrusive Neolithic populations in the riverine basins of mainland Southeast Asia began to form mounded settlements and to develop economies based on rice cultivation, fishing, hunting, and the domestication of animals, especially pigs and dogs. A number of these sites have been excavated in recent years and they are often large mounds that can attain several meters in depth, comprising successive layers of alluvial soil brought in periodically to serve...
28 CitationsSource
#1Li LiuH-Index: 20
#2Judith FieldH-Index: 29
Last. Xiaolin MaH-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Grinding stones have provided a convenient proxy for the arrival of agriculture in Neolithic China. Not any more. Thanks to high-precision analyses of use-wear and starch residue, the authors show that early Neolithic people were mainly using these stones to process acorns. This defines a new stage in the long transition of food production from hunter-gatherer to farmer.
54 CitationsSource
4 CitationsSource
9 CitationsSource
#1Tessa Boer-Mah (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 1
This paper examines the relationship between reduction and adze form using an assemblage of ground stone adzes from Ban Non Wat, northeast Thailand. Methods for detecting reduction on ground stone adzes are proposed and tested against the assemblage. The results indicate that changes in adze form may occur as reduction proceeds, which casts doubt on the usefulness of traditional adze typologies.
2 Citations
Cited By1
#1Philip Piper (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 17
Last. Peter Bellwood (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 35
view all 12 authors...
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Loc Giang is an early Neolithic settlement located on the east bank of the Vam Co Dong River in Long An Province, southern Vietnam. Archaeological excavations at the site have identified sequences of midden deposit, floor surfaces, postholes and hearths, suggesting that the settlement consisted of ground-built dwellings. Throughout the life of the settlement several phases of reconstruction and expansion could be discerned. A comprehensive radiometric-dating program indicates...
2 CitationsSource