The Reconfiguration of Service Production Systems in Response to Offshoring: A Practice Theory Perspective
Published on Sep 4, 2017in International Journal of Operations & Production Management4.11
· DOI :10.1108/IJOPM-07-2015-0430
Purpose A service production system has a structure composed of task execution, agents performing tasks and a resulting service output. The purpose of this paper is to understand how such a service production system changes as a consequence of offshoring. Design/methodology/approach Drawing on practice theory, the paper investigates how offshoring leads to reconfiguration of the service production system. Through a multiple case methodology, the authors demonstrate how agents and structures interact during reconfiguration. Findings The paper analyses the reconfiguration of components of a service production system in response to change ignited by offshoring. The authors find recurring effects between structures that enable and constrain agents and agents who shape the structure of the production system. Research limitations/implications The paper offers a novel contribution to the service operations management literature by applying practice theory. Moreover, the authors propose a detailed, activity-driven view of service production systems and service offshoring. The authors contribute to practice theory by extending its domain to operations management. Practical implications Service production systems have the ability to self-correct any changes inflicted through offshoring of the systems, which helps firms that offshore. Originality/value The paper is aimed at service professionals and offshoring managers and proposes a novel presentation of the service production system with a description of how it responds to offshoring. The authors contribute to theory by applying practice theory to the fields of service operations management and offshoring.