School, Friends, and Substance Use: Gender Differences on the Influence of Attitudes Toward School and Close Friend Networks on Cannabis Involvement

Published on Feb 1, 2018in Prevention Science2.85
· DOI :10.1007/s11121-017-0816-y
Nikola Zaharakis9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UT: University of Tennessee),
Michael J. Mason19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UT: University of Tennessee)
+ 6 AuthorsThomas Way14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Villanova University)
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents’ lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health—a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one’s close friend group engages—may be one way by which attitudes toward school exert influence on youth substance use. Utilizing a sample of 248 primarily African-American young urban adolescents, we tested a moderated mediation model to determine if the indirect effect of attitude to school on cannabis involvement through peer network health was conditioned on gender. Attitude toward school measured at baseline was the predictor (X), peer network health measured at 6 months was the mediator (M), cannabis involvement (including use, offers to use, and refusals to use) measured at 24 months was the outcome (Y), and gender was the moderator (W). Results indicated that negative attitudes toward school were indirectly associated with increased cannabis involvement through peer network health. This relationship was not moderated by gender. Adolescents in our sample with negative attitudes toward school were more likely to receive more offers to use cannabis and to use cannabis more frequently through the perceived health behaviors of their close friends. Implications from these results point to opportunities to leverage the dynamic associations among school experiences, friends, and cannabis involvement, such as offers and use.
  • References (51)
  • Citations (1)
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Development and Psychopathology3.59
Marina Epstein8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UW: University of Washington),
Karl G. Hill36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UW: University of Washington)
+ 6 AuthorsKevin P. Haggerty35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UW: University of Washington)
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Current Pharmaceutical Design2.41
Valentina Lorenzetti18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Liverpool),
Silvia Alonso-Lana1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Monash University)
+ 6 AuthorsNadia Solowij32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UOW: University of Wollongong)
Background: Cannabis use typically commences during adolescence, a period during which the brain undergoes profound remodeling in areas that are high in cannabinoid receptors and that mediate cognitive control and emotion regulation. It is therefore important to determine the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function. Objective: We investigate the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function by reviewing the functional magnetic resonance imaging studies in adolescent samples. Me...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Prevention Science2.85
Steven E. Lize2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USC: University of South Carolina),
Aidyn L. Iachini9
Estimated H-index: 9
(USC: University of South Carolina)
+ 5 AuthorsTeri Browne11
Estimated H-index: 11
(USC: University of South Carolina)
This meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of interactive middle school-based drug prevention programs on adolescent cannabis use in North America, as well as program characteristics that could moderate these effects. Interactive programs, compared to more didactic, lecture style programs, involve participants in skill-building activities and focus on interaction among participants. A systematic literature search was conducted for English-language studies from January 1998 to March 2014. Stud...
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Youth and Adolescence3.26
Meghan H. McDonough19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Purdue University),
Paul E. Jose28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Victoria University of Wellington),
Jaimee Stuart8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Victoria University of Wellington)
Understanding the predictors of the onset and maintenance of substance use in adolescence is important because it is a recognized health risk. The present longitudinal study examined whether negative peer influence and peer connectedness predicted changes in adolescent alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, and other illegal drug use, and reciprocally whether substance use predicted changes in peer relationships. Adolescents (N = 1940; 52 % female; 52 % European New Zealanders, 30 % Maori, 12 % Pacific ...
Published on Jun 1, 2016in American Journal of Community Psychology1.78
Jinni Su1
Estimated H-index: 1
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Andrew J. Supple20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
Parental and peer influences on adolescent substance use have been well demonstrated. However, limited research has examined how parental and peer influences vary across school contexts. This study used a multilevel approach to examine the effects of school substance use norms and school racial composition in predicting adolescent substance use (a composite measure of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use) and in moderating parental and peer influences on adolescent substance use. A total of 14,34...
Published on Mar 1, 2016in JAMA Psychiatry15.92
Richard A. Grucza35
Estimated H-index: 35
(WashU: Washington University in St. Louis),
Arpana Agrawal48
Estimated H-index: 48
(WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)
+ 2 AuthorsLaura J. Bierut67
Estimated H-index: 67
(WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Drug and Alcohol Dependence3.47
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research),
Hilde Pape11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research)
BACKGROUND: Drug use is predicated on a combination of "willingness" and "opportunity". That is, independent of any desire to use drugs, a drug use opportunity is required; be it indirect (i.e., being in a drug-use setting) or direct (i.e., receiving a direct drug offer). However, whether some youth are more likely to encounter such direct drug use opportunities is not fully known. AIMS: We examined whether certain characteristics placed adolescents at greater risk for being offered cannabis, af...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Journal of Youth and Adolescence3.26
Ritesh Mistry18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UM: University of Michigan),
Justin E. Heinze10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UM: University of Michigan)
+ 4 AuthorsMarc A. Zimmerman64
Estimated H-index: 64
(UM: University of Michigan)
Substance use behaviors do not occur in isolation of one another and are not static over time. As adolescents age into early adulthood, there may be dynamic changes in their substance use behaviors, and these changes may be influenced by family and school factors. The current study uses Latent Transition Analysis to examine these changes by measuring transitions among different substance use profiles based on past 30-day alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, and by estimating associations with dem...
Published on Jul 1, 2015in Health & Place3.20
Michael J. Mason19
Estimated H-index: 19
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Jeremy Mennis27
Estimated H-index: 27
(TU: Temple University)
+ 8 AuthorsChantal McHenry2
Estimated H-index: 2
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Abstract Adolescent substance use is a developmentally contingent social practice that is constituted within the routine social-environment of adolescents' lives. Few studies have examined peer networks, perceived activity space risk (risk of substance use at routine locations), and substance use. We examined the moderating influence of peer network characteristics on the relationship between perceived activity space risk and substance use among a sample of 250 urban adolescents. Significant int...
Cited By1
Amy Kenney (BYU: Brigham Young University), Cory B. Dennis2
Estimated H-index: 2
(BYU: Brigham Young University)
ABSTRACTPromoting healthy development among youth is one of the grand challenges taken on by social work. Because substance use can negatively affect the health and development of adolescents, this...
Farhad Taremian2
Estimated H-index: 2
Hamid Yaghubi3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 3 AuthorsReza Moloodi
Background Substance use is a major mental health concern among university students. It may result in behavioral and academic problems, psychiatric disorders, and infectious diseases. Thus, this study investigated the risk and protective factors of substance use among Iranian university students.
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