Long-term effects of premature birth on somatic development in women through adolescence and adulthood:
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of International Medical Research 1.02
· DOI :10.1177/0300060517714369
ObjectivesTo evaluate the long-term consequences of preterm birth on anthropometric parameters in women in adolescence and into adulthood.MethodsSeventy girls born preterm (age 12.22 ± 1.52 years) and 48 born at term participated in the first stage. Eighteen years later, 13 of the same women participated in a follow-up and were compared with a control group of 27 women. We compared anthropometric results across the two examinations, and in the second stage, also assessed body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis.ResultsNo significant differences were found in anthropometric parameters or the content of individual components of the body between the preterm-born and control groups. However, the preterm-born group showed a tendency for higher average fat mass and lower fat-free and soft lean mass compared with the control group, and had a significantly higher mean waist–hip ratio.ConclusionsPreterm birth does not adversely affect somatic development in girls during adolescence, but shows a corr...