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Home advantage in Portuguese football: effects of level of competition and mid-term trends

Published on May 4, 2017in International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport
· DOI :10.1080/24748668.2017.1331574
Carlos Almeida15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Anna Volossovitch8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Lisbon)
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Abstract
This study aimed to examine the influence of level of competition (amateur, semi-professional and professional) on the magnitude of home advantage (HA) in Portuguese football, and to verify whether the HA has changed over time. Archival data from 32,400 matches contested in the three levels of competition over 11 seasons (from 2005/2006 to 2015/2016) were analysed. HA was quantified each season for each league as the number of points won at home expressed as a percentage of all points won at home and away. The mean values of HA were significantly greater than 50% in all levels of Portuguese football (p < .001). One-way repeated-measures ANOVA showed a significant effect of competitive level on HA (p < .05). In the professional league, the HA was significantly lower (58.31%) than in amateur and semi-professional competitive levels (60.36 and 60.46%, respectively). Altogether, a declining HA effect was found in Portuguese football in recent years. However, negative linear relationships between HA and time were only significant at amateur and semi-professional levels (p < .05), while the decline in the major professional league has already started to level off. These findings demonstrate that the advantage of playing at home is losing importance in Portugal. The declining effect of HA, previously evidenced in major professional leagues, has been mirrored by a similar decline at amateur and semi-professional levels within the country. Future research should confirm whether the trends identified in Portugal are also verified in football leagues of other countries.
  • References (39)
  • Citations (6)
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References39
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Strength and Conditioning Journal 0.99
Ezequiel Rey12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Alexis Padrón-Cabo3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 2 AuthorsVicente Romo-Perez6
Estimated H-index: 6
AS A RESULT OF TRAINING AND COMPETITION LOAD IN SOCCER, THE MAJORITY OF THE BODY'S PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ARE STRESSED. TO ACCELERATE THE RECOVERY PROCESS AND ENHANCE PERFORMANCE IN SOCCER, DIFFERENT POSTEXERCISE RECOVERY MODES HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED AND ARE BROADLY CLASSIFIED INTO 2 CATEGORIES: ACTIVE RECOVERY OR PASSIVE RECOVERY. DESPITE THE POPULARITY, THERE IS A LACK OF SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE FOR THE VALIDITY OF THESE RECOVERY INTERVENTIONS. THIS REVIEW SUMMARIZES THE EVIDENCE BASE FOR USING ACTIVE...
Carlos Lago-Peñas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Vigo),
Miguel Gómez-Ruano1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UPM: Technical University of Madrid)
+ 1 AuthorsRichard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University)
The aim of the current study was to examine the importance of scoring the first goal on the match outcome in football and to determine if this influence depends on the minute in which the first goal is scored. The sample consisted in all the matches played in the season 2014/2015 in the English FA Premier League (n=380), French Ligue 1 (n=380), Spanish La Liga (n=380), Italian Serie A (n=380) and German Bundesliga (n=306). Data were examined using classification tree analysis and a linear regres...
Kathrin Staufenbiel4
Estimated H-index: 4
(WWU: University of Münster),
Dennis Riedl3
Estimated H-index: 3
(WWU: University of Münster),
Bernd Strauss16
Estimated H-index: 16
(WWU: University of Münster)
Home teams in soccer are more successful than away teams. To date, the underlying causes of home advantage are insufficiently understood and there is limited research on the psychological processes (e.g. learning) of competitors. Two studies were conducted to investigate the experience and perspective of high-level youth players regarding home and away games. Youth players’ experience of being more successful in home games could lead to a different approach to home and away games when reaching p...
Published on Nov 8, 2015in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Kathrin Staufenbiel4
Estimated H-index: 4
(WWU: University of Münster),
Babett H. Lobinger7
Estimated H-index: 7
(German Sport University Cologne),
Bernd Strauss16
Estimated H-index: 16
(WWU: University of Münster)
AbstractIn soccer, home teams win about 67% of decided games. The causes for this home advantage are still unresolved. There is a shortage of research on the psychological states of actors involved. In this study, we examined soccer coaches’ expectations, goal setting and tactical decisions in relation to game location. Soccer coaches (N = 297) with different expertise levels participated in an experimental, online management game and were randomly assigned to one of two groups, “home game (HG)”...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Collegium Antropologicum
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University),
Miguel A. Gómez22
Estimated H-index: 22
Home advantage in seven American college team sports (baseball, basketball, football, hockey, lacrosse, soccer and women’s basketball) was compared with professional leagues in the United States for the same sports and for the same time period. A total of 81,063 college games and 22,477 professional games were analyzed for the four seasons 2006-07 to 2009-10. There was a significant home advantage, as measured by home winning percentage, in all sports, both college and professional. The overall ...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Human Kinetics 1.41
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Miguel A. Gómez22
Estimated H-index: 22
A recent letter published in the Journal of Human Kinetics (Saavedra et al., 2014) falsely claims that inconsistencies occur in a universally accepted method of calculating home advantage when three points are awarded for a win. They go on to claim that an alternative method that they advocate is superior. The good news is that the authors have finally spelt out their methodology for calculating home advantage, so that readers can now see for themselves why it is not, in fact, a quantification o...
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University),
Miguel A. Gómez22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UPM: Technical University of Madrid)
Comparison was made of home advantage in 157 national domestic soccer leagues throughout the world for six seasons between 2006 and 2012, a total of 169,752 games. Quantified as the number of competition points won by the home team that was expressed as a percentage of all points gained in the league, the advantage was present in all continents, but showed considerable variation between countries. It was by far the highest in Nigeria (86.82%), followed by Bosnia-Herzegovina, Guatemala, Indonesia...
Published on Feb 17, 2014in European Journal of Sport Science 2.38
V. Armatas6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UTH: University of Thessaly),
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University)
AbstractHome advantage as it relates to team performance at football was examined in Superleague Greece using nine seasons of game-by-game performance data, a total of 2160 matches. After adjusting for team ability and annual fluctuations in home advantage, there were significant differences between teams. Previous findings regarding the role of territorial protection were strengthened by the fact that home advantage was above average for the team from Xanthi (P =0.015), while lower for teams fr...
Mark S. Allen14
Estimated H-index: 14
(LSBU: London South Bank University),
Marc V. Jones25
Estimated H-index: 25
This study explored the relationship between teams' home shirt colour and the magnitude of the home advantage in English professional soccer. Secondary aims were to explore the consistency of the home advantage over time and the relationship between the home advantage and team ability. Archival data from 7720 matches contested over the first 20 seasons of the English Premier League were analysed. The data show that teams wearing red are more successful than teams wearing other colours, and that ...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 3.62
Chris Goumas18
Estimated H-index: 18
(USYD: University of Sydney)
Abstract Objectives The aims of this study were to quantify the magnitude of home advantage (HA) in Australian soccer and to investigate how home-team crowd support and away-team travel may contribute to it. Design A paired design was used wherein each match contributed two observations, one for the home team and one for the away team. Methods The data used in this study were all matches from the first seven seasons (2005/06–2011/12) of the Australian A-League – the major soccer league in Austra...
Cited By6
Newest
Tianbiao Liu (BNU: Beijing Normal University), Antonio García-de-Alcaraz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UAL: University of Almería)
+ 1 AuthorsYao Zhang (THU: Tsinghua University)
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to explore the influence of quality of opposition and match location on game-related statistics in the Chinese Football Super League (CSL). Seven hundred and twenty matches from season 2014 to 2016 of CSL were analysed and all teams were classified into two groups according to their final rankings at the end of each season. The game-related statistics were divided into goal scored, offensive, defensive, and physical variables. Mann–Whitney U-test with effect...
Liam Kneafsey (Trinity College, Dublin), Stefan Müller1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Trinity College, Dublin)
ABSTRACTThe home advantage in various sports has been well documented. So far, we lack knowledge whether playing in neutral venues indeed removes many, if not all, theoretically assumed advantages of playing at home. Analysing over 3,500 senior men’s Gaelic football and hurling matches – field games with the highest participation rates in Ireland – between 2009 and 2018, we test the potential moderating influence of neutral venues. In hurling and Gaelic football, a considerable share of matches ...
Lee Rooney1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ulster University),
Rodney Kennedy5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ulster University)
ABSTRACTEvidence suggests that home advantage (HA) is present when home teams win over 50% of home games played. This study investigated the effect of divisional status, season and team ability on HA within Gealic football. The sample included 1973 matches from 32 teams over a 9-season period. HA was calculated based on the number of points gained at home conveyed as a percentage of total points gained (Pollard and Pollard, 2005). A linear regression analysis was utilised to control for ability ...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Sportwissenschaft
Werlayne Leite1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University)
The purpose of this study was to compare home advantage at the top two levels of the domestic leagues of a wide selection of countries worldwide. Limited previous work has been inconclusive with home advantage at level 2 appearing at least as high as at level 1. Home advantage was quantified for the most recent seven seasons of the top two levels for 47 countries worldwide and included 168,341 matches. A paired t‑test was used to assess the difference between levels for each country. Home advant...
AbstractThe purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to analyse the influence of the level of competition (First and Second Divisions) on the magnitude of home advantage (HA) in Portuguese futsal; (2) to examine whether the HA has changed over the recent years in Portugal. Data from 6.558 matches contested in First (n = 2.002) and Second (n = 4.556) Divisions of Portuguese futsal over the last 11 seasons (from 2006–07 to 2016–17) were collected and analysed. The mean values of HA were significantl...
Richard Pollard13
Estimated H-index: 13
(California Polytechnic State University),
Jaime Prieto2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Miguel A. Gómez22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UPM: Technical University of Madrid)
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to use a multivariate approach to investigate variations in home advantage between different team sports and between different countries both for men’s and women’s competition. The data were based on the domestic premier leagues of 15 sports in 65 countries worldwide, over a 5-year period from 2011 to 2015 with a total of 1952 league tables qualifying for inclusion. After controlling for differences in competitive balance between the leagues, a general linea...