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Educational Inequalities in Depression: Do Labor Markets Matter?

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Society and mental health 0.96
· DOI :10.1177/2156869317713553
Pieter Dudal1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ghent University),
Dieter Verhaest12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Piet Bracke26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Ghent University)
Abstract
There is little theoretical understanding of why educational inequalities in depression are larger in some countries than in others. The current research tries to fill this gap by focusing on the way in which important labor market processes, specifically upgrading and polarization, affect the relationship between education and depression. Analyses are based on a subsample, aged between 20 and 65, in 26 countries participating in the European Social Survey (N = 56,881) in 2006, 2012, and 2014. The results indicate that educational inequalities are lower the more a country’s labor market is upgraded, and we suggest that this is a consequence of an amelioration of the labor market position of the lower educated. Analysis shows that polarization is related to more educational inequalities in depression for women. However, central mediating processes are not confirmed, and new perspectives on these mechanisms will be discussed.
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Published on May 1, 2017in Research Policy 4.66
Katia Levecque16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Ghent University),
Frederik Anseel21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsLydia Gisle7
Estimated H-index: 7
Research policy observers are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of current academic working conditions on mental health, particularly in PhD students. The aim of the current study is threefold. First, we assess the prevalence of mental health problems in a representative sample of PhD students in Flanders, Belgium (N = 3659). Second, we compare PhD students to three other samples: (1) highly educated in the general population (N = 769); (2) highly educated employees (N = 592); an...
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Published on Jan 9, 2019in Acta Sociologica 1.50
Katrijn Delaruelle1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ghent University),
Mieke Van Houtte28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Ghent University),
Piet Bracke26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Ghent University)
Educational tracking amplifies social inequalities in a wide range of outcomes. From an institutional perspective, the current study examines whether this holds for educational disparities in general health. To investigate this question, we use information from the European Social Survey (Rounds 1–8: 2002–2016) for individuals between the ages of 18 and 45 years (N = 99,771) in 22 European countries. The estimated three-level hierarchical models indicate that tracking is indeed associated with l...
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