From market integration to core state powers: the Eurozone crisis, the refugee crisis and integration theory

Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of Common Market Studies
· DOI :10.1111/JCMS.12654
Philipp Genschel20
Estimated H-index: 20
(EUI: European University Institute),
Markus Jachtenfuchs15
Estimated H-index: 15
The Eurozone crisis and the refugee crisis are showcases of the problems associated with the EU’s shift from market integration to the integration of core state powers. The integration of core state powers responds to similar functional demand factors as market integration (interdependence, externalities and spill-over) but its supply is more tightly constrained by a high propensity for zero-sum conflict, a functional requirement for centralized fiscal, coercive and administrative capacities, and high political salience. We show how these constraints structured the initial design of EMU and Schengen, made them vulnerable to crisis, and shaped policy options during the crises: they made horizontal differentiation unattractive, re-regulation ineffective, centralized risk and burden sharing unfeasible and the externalization of adjustment burden to non-EU actors necessary by default. In conclusion, we explore possible escape routes from the trap.
  • References (26)
  • Citations (41)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
998 Citations
94 Citations
31 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
ABSTRACTThe European Union has gone through major crises of its two flagship integration projects of the 1990s: the euro and Schengen. Both crises had structurally similar causes and beginnings: exogenous shocks exposed the functional shortcomings of both integration projects and produced sharp distributional conflict among governments, as well as an unprecedented politicization of European integration in member state societies. Yet they have resulted in significantly different outcomes: whereas...
31 CitationsSource
#1Luc EyraudH-Index: 11
#2Vitor GasparH-Index: 16
Last. Tigran PoghosyanH-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
This paper provides evidence of fiscal procyclicality, excessive deficits, distorted budget composition and poor compliance with fiscal rules in the euro area. Our analysis relies on real-time data for 19 countries participating in the euro area over 1999–2015. We look for, but do not find, conclusive evidence of bias in procedures in relation to country size. The paper also briefly reviews the literature on political economy factors and policy biases, and offers some reflections on the euro are...
3 CitationsSource
#1Berthold RittbergerH-Index: 24
#2Felix BiermannH-Index: 1
Last. Moritz WeissH-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
1 Citations
#1Natascha ZaunH-Index: 6
19 CitationsSource
Since revelations of the Greek fiscal deficit in the fall of 2009, the breakup of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has moved from unthinkable to plausible. The debate over the future of the EMU has become increasingly relevant, as numerous efforts to solve the Greek crisis have not been successful. Neither have basic competitiveness differences between countries in the core and periphery of the European Union been eliminated. Proposed solutions include development of a banking union, regula...
2 CitationsSource
#1Domenico LombardiH-Index: 6
#2Manuela Moschella (Centre for International Governance Innovation)H-Index: 2
ABSTRACTThis article investigates why the European Central Bank's (ECB's) unconventional monetary policies were relatively modest during the crisis, focusing specifically on the design of its government bond purchase programmes. Building from available explanations of the ECB's behaviour in the political science and public policy literature, we extrapolate a number of testable propositions with a view to helping to account for the specific features of the policies under investigation. These prop...
24 CitationsSource
#1Erik Jones (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 17
#2R. Daniel Kelemen (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 22
Last. Sophie Meunier (Princeton University)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
The European Union (EU) project of combining a single market with a common currency was incomplete from its inception. This article shows that the incompleteness of the governance architecture of Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) was both a cause of the euro crisis and a characteristic pattern of the policy responses to the crisis. We develop a “failing forward” argument to explain the dynamics of European integration using recent experience in the eurozone as an illustration: Intergove...
100 CitationsSource
#1Torben Iversen (Harvard University)H-Index: 32
#2David Soskice (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 37
Last. David Hope (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
This review sets out a recently developed comparative political economy literature on the Eurozone, which has a basis in both varieties of capitalism and modern macroeconomics. It contrasts the export-oriented, northern European, skill-intensive, coordinated market economies with coordinated wage-bargaining, on the one hand, with the southern European, demand-driven economies with strong public sector unions, on the other. It analyzes the Eurozone as an ongoing grouping of sovereign democratic s...
29 CitationsSource
#1Maarten den Heijer (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 5
#2Jorrit J. Rijpma (EUI: European University Institute)H-Index: 5
Last. Thomas Spijkerboer (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
This contribution explains the European asylum policy crisis from three structural weaknesses of the Common European Asylum System: its reliance on coercion within the EU; its unrealistic expectations of what borders can achieve; and the premise of prohibition of refugee movement in its external dimension. The article then critically reviews the proposals that the EU has submitted since the publication of the European migration agenda in May 2015.
23 Citations
#1Anne Booth (SOAS, University of London)H-Index: 10
The paper argues that Thailand’s economic and social development from the late 19th century to the early 21st century presents a puzzle. For much of the period from 1870 to 1940, the country’s economic growth was slow, and the economy remained agricultural, with little diversification into modern industry or services. It was the only Southeast Asian country to escape direct colonization, and yet it did not use its relative freedom from colonial control to embark on a programme of accelerated eco...
3 CitationsSource
Cited By41
#1Stefan Wallaschek (University of Hildesheim)
#1Stefan Wallaschek (University of Hildesheim)H-Index: 2
ABSTRACTThe article analyses the solidarity discourse in the Euro crisis and Europe’s migration crisis and examines how meanings of solidarity are framed and which political parties participate in ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Philipp Trein (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 7
ABSTRACTIn this article, I analyse solidarity between regions during times of crisis. To begin with, I define two types of solidarity preferences. Negative solidarity means that territories will re...
1 CitationsSource
What are some of the lessons learnt from a decade of crises in European integration? EU studies scholars have set themselves the task not only to gain a deeper understanding of the many aspects of ...
Transcending the established problem-solving perspective, this article proposes a novel conceptualization of orchestration as a strategy to escape legal responsibility. To test our conceptual argum...
#1Christiaan Luigjes (UvA: University of Amsterdam)
#2Frank Vandenbroucke (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 13
Subnational governments have become more involved in the ‘regulation of unemployment’ (the design, implementation and financing of unemployment-related benefits and activation), partly because they...
Most interdisciplinary analyses intuitively depict the judiciary as an actor promoting post- or transnational conceptions of membership and equality in contemporary debates about citizenship and im...
#1Dermot Hodson (Birkbeck, University of London)H-Index: 17
In spite of expectations to the contrary, Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) did not serve as a leaven for political union during the euro’s second decade. Reforms to Euro Area governance enacted in...
4 CitationsSource