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Wage compensation for fly-in/fly-out and drive-in/drive-out commuters*

Published on Nov 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1111/pirs.12296
Dusan Paredes2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Juan Soto2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
David A. Fleming1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)
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Abstract
The fly‐in/fly‐Out (FIFO) or, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) labour system is a long‐distance commuting work arrangement to attract workers towards remote mineral or fossil fuel extraction areas, where they work in shifts and then return to their usual place of residence located in a different region. Along with more and cheaper transportation alternatives, the use of FIFO/DIDO systems have importantly increased in last decades around the world, which has translated to FIFO/DIDO systems operating even when already established cities are present in extractive regions. This paper uses the case of Chile, one of the most important mining countries in the world, to explore whether and in what extent these labor systems influence wage compensations. We find that FIFO/DIDO commuters obtain an average wage compensation of 2.4 per cent per commuted hour. Los sistemas de mano de obra fly‐in/fly‐out (FIFO) o, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) son sistemas de desplazamiento al trabajo de larga distancia para atraer trabajadores hacia areas remotas de extraccion de combustibles fosiles o minerales, en el que trabajan en turnos y luego regresan a su lugar de residencia habitual ubicado en una region diferente. Junto con otras alternativas de transporte, algunas incluso mas baratas, el uso de los sistemas FIFO / DIDO ha aumentado de manera importante en las ultimas decadas en todo el mundo, lo que ha supuesto sistemas FIFO / DIDO que funcionan incluso cuando ya hay ciudades establecidas presentes en regiones extractivas. Este articulo utiliza el caso de Chile, uno de los paises mineros mas importantes del mundo, para explorar si estos sistemas laborales influyen en las compensaciones salariales y en que medida. Se encontro que los trabajadores que usan FIFO / DIDO obtienen una compensacion salarial promedio del 2,4 por ciento por hora de desplazamiento. フライイン/フライアウト(fly‐in/fly‐Out:FIFO)またはドライブイン/ドライブアウト(drive‐in/drive‐out:DIDO)の労働システムは、遠隔地の鉱石や化石燃料の採掘地に労働者を呼び寄せるための長距離通勤方式で、労働者は現地では交代制で勤務し他の地域の居住地に帰っていくというものである。他の多くの安価な交通機関による通勤方法に加えて、FIFO/DIDOシステムの使用は、過去数十年で世界中において顕著に増加しており、採掘地域内に既存の確立された都市部がある場合でも、他の通勤手段からFIFO/DIDOへ移行されてきている。本稿では、世界でも有数の鉱石採掘国であるチリの例を用いて、この労働システムが賃金補償に影響するか否か、また、どの程度影響するかを探索する。FIFO/DIDOを利用する労働者は平均で通勤時間あたり2.4%の賃金補償を得ているという知見が得られた。
  • References (37)
  • Citations (4)
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References37
Newest
Published on Oct 2, 2017in Spatial Economic Analysis1.90
José M. Casado-Díaz8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Alicante),
Lucas Martínez-Bernabeu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Alicante),
Francisco Rowe5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Liverpool)
An evolutionary approach to the delimitation of labour market areas: an empirical application for Chile. Spatial Economic Analysis. Labour market areas (LMAs) are argued to represent a more appropriate policy framework than administrative units for the analysis of spatial labour market activity. This article develops LMAs for Chile by applying an evolutionary computation approach. This innovative approach defines LMAs through an optimization process by maximization of internal cohesion, subject ...
Published on Apr 1, 2015in El Trimestre Económico
Susana Katherine Chacón1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Dusan Paredes Araya1
Estimated H-index: 1
La desigualdad espacial de ingresos en los paises de America Latina es un tema que ha despertado un reciente interes academico. En particular, Chile se destaca mundialmente por sus elevadas tasas de desigualdad espacial e individual. En este articulo se analiza la desigualdad espacial de ingresos en Chile durante 1992-2011 evaluando el papel de la localizacion espacial del capital humano (o spatial labor sorting). Los resultados confirman que el capital humano no se distribuye aleatoriamente en ...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Estudios De Economia0.35
Iván Jamett Sasonov1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Dusan Paredes Araya1
Estimated H-index: 1
La conmutacion de larga distancia (CLD) cobra importancia producto de la continua reduccion en costos de transporte. Este trabajo formaliza la relacion CLD y salario mediante un modelo de busqueda de trabajo que incluye el tiempo conmutado. Se plantea que la CLD es compensada en salario, creciente en distancia, y las regiones con mayor flujo de conmutantes deben pagar mayor premio. Los resultados muestran un premio de 19% para quienes ejercen CLD dependiendo del destino del conmutante, superando...
Published on Nov 1, 2013in Transport Reviews6.65
Taotao Deng1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SUFE: Shanghai University of Finance and Economics)
The paper provides an update of the survey focusing on estimating the contribution of transport infrastructure to productivity and economic growth. The central questions addressed are possible reasons behind the conflicting results reported in the literature on the elasticity of economic output with respect to transport infrastructure investment. After providing a systematic review of recent empirical studies on the effects of transport infrastructure on productivity and economic growth, the pap...
Published on Jul 1, 2012in El Trimestre Económico
Esteban López1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Patricio Aroca1
Estimated H-index: 1
La inflacion ha sido permanentemente estudiada en Chile por sus efectos negativos en la economia; sin embargo su investigacion es escasa por region, porque ha primado el supuesto de que las economias regionales tienen un comportamiento homogeneo respecto a la inflacion. Extendiendo la metodologia de Paredes y Aroca (2008) al plano temporal y utilizando informacion de inflacion nacional producida por el Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas, este articulo contribuye con una estimacion de la inflacio...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Transport Reviews6.65
David Banister46
Estimated H-index: 46
(University of Oxford)
Published on Nov 1, 2011in Transport Reviews6.65
Daniel G. Chatman15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of California, Berkeley),
Robert B. Noland38
Estimated H-index: 38
(RU: Rutgers University)
Public transport improvements may increase economic productivity if they enable the growth and densification of cities, downtowns, or industrial clusters and thereby increase external agglomeration economies. It has been argued that the potential agglomeration benefits are large; if so, understanding them better would be useful in making funding decisions about public transport improvements. We reviewed theoretical and empirical literature on agglomeration as well as a small number of articles o...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Journal of the American Statistical Association3.41
Stefano M. Iacus19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Milan),
Gary King70
Estimated H-index: 70
(Harvard University),
Giuseppe Porro11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UniTS: University of Trieste)
We introduce a new “Monotonic Imbalance Bounding” (MIB) class of matching methods for causal inference with a surprisingly large number of attractive statistical properties. MIB generalizes and extends in several new directions the only existing class, “Equal Percent Bias Reducing” (EPBR), which is designed to satisfy weaker properties and only in expectation. We also offer strategies to obtain specific members of the MIB class, and analyze in more detail a member of this class, called Coarsened...
Published on Feb 1, 2011in Annals of Regional Science1.07
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
This paper proposes a methodology for a spatial cost index of housing that considers spatial heterogeneity in properties across regions. The index is built by combining three different techniques to reduce the spatial heterogeneity in housing: Quasi-experimental methods, hedonic prices and Fisher spatial price index. Using microdata from the Chilean survey CASEN 2006, it is shown that the quasi-experimental method called Mahalanobis metric within propensity score calipers (MMWPS) leads to a sign...
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Published on Jan 1, 2017in Latin American Economic Review0.82
Julio A. Berdegué18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Tatiana Hiller + 5 AuthorsOlga Vargas
The delimitation of functional spatial units or functional territories is an important topic in regional science and economic geography, since the empirical verification of many causal relationships is affected by the size and shape of these areas. This paper proposes a two-step method for the delimitation of functional territories and presents an application for three developing countries: Mexico, Colombia and Chile. The first step of this method uses nighttime satellite images to identify the ...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Resources Policy3.19
Miguel Atienza Úbeda8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Marcelo Lufin2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Juan Soto1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract The geographical expansion and increasing complexity of extractive production imply that the effect of mining linkages on economic development is unevenly felt inter- and intra-nationally. This article uses the linkages-based approach to understand from a multi-scalar perspective the uneven development patterns that could arise within a country related to the mining activity. For this purpose, we analyze the strength and potential quality of the mining linkages in the Chilean regions us...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Resources Policy3.19
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Nathaly M. Rivera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Fiscal regimes to the mining industry facilitate the revenue-raising task of resource-dependent economies as they reduce the local tax burden of their residents. Whether these fiscal arrangements translate into a higher allocation of public goods in these economies remains yet unclear. We analyze the effects that local mineral taxation has on the provision of public goods in mining communities using Chile as a case study. We examine the effects of a non-distortionary tax on local concessions usi...