Match!

Sociodemographic, biological, and psychosocial correlates of light- and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity during school time, recesses, and physical education classes

Published on May 1, 2017in Journal of Sport and Health Science3.644
· DOI :10.1016/j.jshs.2017.05.002
Bruno Gonçalves Galdino da Costa2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina),
Kelly Samara da Silva15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)
+ 3 AuthorsEdio Luiz Petroski23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Background Identifying factors associated with physical activity (PA) is useful in planning interventions and policies. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic, biological, and psychosocial factors associated with PA performed in school settings. Methods Data collected for the present study included gender, age, socioeconomic status, body fat percentage, aerobic fitness, self-efficacy, attitudes, peer and parental support, and perception of school environment. Dependent variables were light-intensity PA (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) performed during school time, recesses, and physical education (PE) classes. Multiple regression analyses were performed. Results Participating adolescents ( n  = 567, 53% female, 12.9 ± 5.3 years) spent 5% of school time in MVPA and 27% in LPA, 15% of recesses in MVPA and 44% in LPA, and 16% of PE classes in MVPA and 41% in LPA. Boys engaged in more MVPA in all categories. Age was inversely related with MVPA and LPA in all periods, whereas body fat percentage was inversely related with MVPA in school time and PE classes. Attitude was inversely related with MVPA in all periods and with LPA in recesses. Considering PA to be good and enjoyable was positively associated with MVPA in school time. Conclusion Adolescents spent little time in PA during school. Future interventions should implement enjoyable activities at school.
  • References (35)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
119 Citations
5 Citations
138 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References35
Newest
#1Carol Maher (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 32
#2Lucy K. Lewis (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 17
Last. Tim Olds (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 53
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Objectives To examine the relationships between children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behaviours, and academic performance. Design This study investigated cross-sectional relationships between children's accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour patterns, and academic performance using a standardised, nationally-administered academic assessment. Methods A total of 285 Australian children aged 9–11 years from randomly selected schools ...
17 CitationsSource
#1S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
#2Joel D. Barnes (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 16
Last. Grant R. Tomkinson (UND: University of North Dakota)H-Index: 24
view all 7 authors...
The Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance organized the concurrent preparation of Report Cards on the physical activity of children and youth in 38 countries from 6 continents (representing 60% of the world's population). Nine common indicators were used (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behavior, Family and Peers, School, Community and the Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments), and all Report Cards were...
104 CitationsSource
#1Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 11
#2Cassiano Ricardo Rech (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 24
Last. Adair da Silva Lopes (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of scales of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors associated with physical activity (PA) in secondary students. Two cross-sectional studies were conducted with students in 7th to 9th grades form secondary schools in order to test the validity, internal consistency (n = 1,178, 51.4% were boys), and test–retest reproducibility (n = 194, 56.2% were boys) of the instrument. Factors associated with PA (attitude, self-efficacy...
6 CitationsSource
#1Jenna L. Hollis (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 8
#2Amanda Williams (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 7
Last. John Wiggers (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 32
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Objective To examine elementary school students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels during physical education (PE) lessons. Methods A systematic search of nine electronic databases was conducted (PROSPERO2014:CRD42014009649). Studies were eligible if they were in English; published between 2005–April 2014; assessed MVPA levels in PE lessons of elementary school children (aged four–12 years); and used an objective MVPA measure. Two reviewers retrieved articles, assessed...
54 CitationsSource
#1Emma Coombes (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 15
#2Andrew Jones (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 77
Abstract Beat the Street aims to get children more active by encouraging them to walk and cycle in their neighbourhood using tracking technology with a reward scheme. This pilot study evaluates the impact of Beat the Street on active travel to school in Norwich, UK. Eighty children 8–10 yrs were recruited via an intervention and control school. They wore an accelerometer for 7 days at baseline, mid-intervention and post-intervention (+20 weeks), and completed a travel diary. Physical activity ov...
28 CitationsSource
#1Katie L. Morton (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 10
#2Andrew J. Atkin (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 23
Last. E. M. F. van Sluijs (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
There is increasing academic and policy interest in interventions aiming to promote young people's health by ensuring that the school environment supports healthy behaviours. The purpose of this review was to summarize the current evidence on school‐based policy, physical and social‐environmental influences on adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Electronic databases were searched to identify studies that (1) involved healthy adolescents (11–18 years old), (2) investigated schoo...
59 CitationsSource
#1Viviane S Straatmann (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 4
#2Luciano Alonso Valente dos Santos (UFC: Federal University of Ceará)H-Index: 1
Last. Gloria Valeria da Veiga (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 22
view all 4 authors...
More objective methods to detect inactive adolescents may help identify young people that are vulnerable to obesity and other chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the association between classifications obtained with the cardiorespiratory fitness test and physical activity level in adolescents, as well as the agreement between tertiles and z-score distribution of the variables generated with these methods (distance covered and total physical activity score). A cross-secti...
4 CitationsSource
#1Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 10
#2Catarina Machado Azeredo (UFU: Federal University of Uberlandia)H-Index: 12
Last. Olinda do Carmo Luiz (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 13
view all 7 authors...
Background Physical activity in adolescents is associated with short- and long-term health benefits. Physical activity can occur in various domains and is influenced by a complex network of factors. The aims of this study are 1) to describe the physical activity of Brazilian adolescents in physical education classes, during leisure time, and during active commuting and 2) to investigate the socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with physical activity.
23 CitationsSource
#1Thomas L. McKenzie (SDSU: San Diego State University)H-Index: 62
#2Monica A. F. Lounsbery (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 11
In “Physical Education Teacher Effectiveness in a Public Health Context,” we took a broad view of physical education (PE) teacher effectiveness that included public health need and support for PE. Public health officials have been consistent and fervent in their support of PE, and for more than two decades, they have called on schools to promote and provide physical activity. They have strongly recommended PE because: (a) It is part of the formalized school curriculum and an essential access poi...
32 CitationsSource
#1Maartje M. van Stralen (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 19
#2Mine Yildirim (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 10
Last. Mai J. M. Chinapaw (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 32
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Objectives This study aims to describe the time devoted to sedentary and physical activities at school in five European countries and to examine differences according to country, sex, ethnicity, parental education and weight status. Design cross-European cross-sectional survey. Methods Primary schoolchildren (n = 1025) aged 10–12 years in Belgium, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, and Switzerland wore accelerometers for at least six consecutive days. Only weekdays were used for this stu...
37 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Jung Eun Lee (UMN: University of Minnesota)
#2Zan Gao (UMN: University of Minnesota)
Source
ABSTRACTPurpose: School physical activity (SPA) is a significant component of daily PA. We investigated differences in PA between boys and girls in two differing education systems—Poland and the Cz...
2 CitationsSource
Physical activity (PA) and sleep contribute to better children’s health. Nonetheless, the bidirectional relationship between both of these health-related factors is unclear when using objective measures. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the PA (light PA and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sleep (duration, latency, and efficiency) patterns of children and compare them with recommendations, and (2) to analyze the bidirectional association between PA levels and sleep patterns in 470 S...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ne N. WuH-Index: 2
#2Haili TianH-Index: 1
Last. Yingmei ZhangH-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
Physical exercise promotes cardiorespiratory fitness, and is considered the mainstream of non-pharmacological therapies along with lifestyle modification for various chronic diseases, in particular cardiovascular diseases. Physical exercise may positively affect various cardiovascular risk factors including body weight, blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, lipid and glucose metabolism, heart function, endothelial function, and body fat composition. With the ever-rising prevalence of obesity and ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Bruno Gonçalves Galdino da Costa (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 2
#2Kelly Samara da Silva (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 15
Last. Edio Luiz Petroski (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
This study analysed physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) performed in bouts during schooltime. Adolescents of two schools answered a questionnaire, had their height and weight measured and wore accelerometers during schooltime. Moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA was estimated in bouts of 2, 5 and 10 min, and SB in bouts of 5, 10, 30 and 60 min. Body mass index was calculated, and adolescents were classified as overweight or normal weight. Frequency, duration and volume of PA and SB...
Source