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Career Interruptions and Current Earnings: The Role of Interruption Type, Compensation Component, and Gender

Published on May 1, 2017in International Journal of Manpower 0.88
· DOI :10.1108/ijm-05-2018-0142
Benedikt Gerst (RWTH Aachen University), Christian Grund14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RWTH Aachen University)
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Abstract
This study examines how career interruptions and subsequent wages of employees are related. Using individual panel data of middle managers from the German chemical sector, we are able to differentiate between different reasons for interruptions as well as between various compensation components. We show that career interruptions are more related to lower subsequent bonus payments than they are to fixed salaries and that interruptions caused by unemployment are associated with higher interruption pay gaps than those resulting from other reasons. In addition, the pay gap after career interruptions is more pronounced for male employees than it is for females.
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Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of Economic Literature 5.41
Francine D. Blau50
Estimated H-index: 50
(Cornell University),
Lawrence M. Kahn45
Estimated H-index: 45
(Cornell University)
Using PSID microdata over the 1980-2010, we provide new empirical evidence on the extent of and trends in the gender wage gap, which declined considerably over this period. By 2010, conventional human capital variables taken together explained little of the gender wage gap, while gender differences in occupation and industry continued to be important. Moreover, the gender pay gap declined much more slowly at the top of the wage distribution that at the middle or the bottom and by 2010 was notice...
Published on Jul 1, 2017in Strategic Management Journal 5.57
Trevis Certo28
Estimated H-index: 28
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Michael C. Withers11
Estimated H-index: 11
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Matthew Semadeni17
Estimated H-index: 17
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Research Summary We investigate the theoretical and empirical implications of longitudinal data in strategy research. Theoretically, longitudinal data allow strategy researchers to distinguish between relationships among constructs within versus between firms. Empirically, longitudinal data contain information about two types of relationships: within- and between-firm. We describe how the hybrid approach, a technique used in other disciplines, disentangles within- and between-firm relationships....
Published on Oct 2, 2015in Feminist Economics 1.72
Inmaculada Cebrián López9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Alcalá),
Gloria Moreno7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Alcalá)
The aim of this paper is to measure the influence of past employment interruptions on current wages and to analyze how these interruptions contribute to the gender wage gap. The discontinuity in labor trajectories of Spanish employees from 2005 to 2010 is examined by measuring the duration of unemployment periods from employees' first Social Security affiliation to the last job at which they were employed. Through the use of the database "Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales" (MCVL), the estimate...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Review of Managerial Science 2.39
Christian Grund14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RWTH Aachen University),
Tanja Walter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RWTH Aachen University)
Making use of unique balanced panel data for the German chemical sector from the years 2008 to 2011, we explore the extent to which managers’ compensation was affected by the economic crisis and the extent to which it increased afterwards. Carrying out longitudinal analyses, we find that, on average, bonus payments (in contrast to fixed salaries) decrease considerably during the crisis. The economic upturn in 2011 then leads to an average increase in variable payments and total compensation to e...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Labour Economics 1.33
Christian Grund14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RWTH Aachen University)
Making use of panel data from a survey of highly educated professionals, gender pay gaps are explored with regard to total compensation as well as to individual compensation components. The results indicate meaningful male–female wage differentials for this quite homogeneous group of people working in one specific industry: in particular for more experienced employees in higher positions of firm hierarchies with children. Gender pay gaps are much more pronounced for bonus payments than they are ...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Annals of economics and statistics
Sara De la Rica Goiricelaya17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Juan José Dolado Llobregad38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
Raquel Vegas2
Estimated H-index: 2
In this paper we use micro data from a large wage survey in Spain during 2006 to analyze the magnitude of the gender gap in the performance-pay (PP) component of hourly wages. Under the presumption that PP is determined in a more competitive fashion than the other wage components, we argue that there should be less room for gender discrimination in PP. Accordingly, all else equal, the gender PP gap should be low. However, our findings just show the opposite. After controlling for observable char...
Published on Oct 1, 2014in Feminist Economics 1.72
Mohammad Amin15
Estimated H-index: 15
(World Bank),
Asif Islam5
Estimated H-index: 5
(World Bank)
This study explores the relationship between mandating a nondiscrimination clause in hiring practices along gender lines and the employment of women versus men in 58 developing countries. The study finds a strong positive relationship between a nondiscrimination in hiring clause and women's relative to men's employment. The relationship is robust to several controls at the firm and country levels. The results also show sharp heterogeneity in the relationship between the nondiscrimination in hiri...
Published on Jun 30, 2014in Journal of Applied Business Research
Jill K. Hayter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ETSU: East Tennessee State University)
This paper examines whether controlling for the type of career interruption has different effects on men’s and women’s wages. One argument for the persistence of the gender wage gap is that previously researchers have used poor measures of experience to estimate men’s and women’s wages. This paper extends the career interruption literature by estimating men’s and women’s wages including controls for both the type and timing of interruptions. Findings show similar wage effects for men’s and women...
Published on Jun 1, 2013in Journal of Social Issues 2.42
Scott Coltrane31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UO: University of Oregon),
Elizabeth C. Miller1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UO: University of Oregon)
+ 1 AuthorsLauren Stewart1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UO: University of Oregon)
Women face an earnings penalty associated with motherhood but researchers have paid scant attention to how fatherhood might influence men's long-term earnings. Using multiple waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and employing ordinary least squares regression and fixed effects models we investigate what happens to men who modify their employment for family reasons. Previous research shows that men work longer hours and earn more after becoming fathers, but if men are unemployed or ...
Published on Apr 1, 2013in Industrial Relations 1.10
Roger Wilkins16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research),
Mark Wooden33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research)
Empirical studies have consistently reported that rates of involuntary job loss are significantly lower among female employees than among males. Only rarely, however, have the reasons for this differential been the subject of detailed investigation. In this article, household panel survey data from Australia are used that also find higher rates of job loss among men than among women. This differential, however, largely disappears once controls for industry and occupation are included. These find...
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