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A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Long-Term Professional Mentoring Program for Children at Risk: Outcomes Across the First 5 Years

Published on Nov 1, 2017in Prevention Science2.851
· DOI :10.1007/s11121-017-0795-z
J. Mark Eddy26
Estimated H-index: 26
(NYU: New York University),
Charles R. Martinez16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UO: University of Oregon)
+ 10 AuthorsJohn R. Seeley80
Estimated H-index: 80
(Oregon Research Institute)
Abstract
Child outcomes due to a paid professional mentoring program, Friends of the Children (FOTC), were investigated across the first 5 years of an ongoing multi-site randomized controlled trial. Participants were 278 children attending kindergarten or first grade who were identified as “at risk” for adjustment problems during adolescence. The program was delivered through established nonprofit community-based organizations. Mentors were hired to work full time and were provided training, supervision, and support to work individually with small numbers of children. Recruitment took place across a 3-year period. Random assignment to the intervention condition or a services as usual control condition was conducted at the level of the individual, blocking on school and child sex. After the initial assessment, follow-up assessments were conducted every 6 months. Differences in growth curves across the elementary school years were examined in intent-to-treat analyses. Significant effects favoring FOTC were found in terms of caregiver ratings of positive school behavior and less trouble in school, with a trend for higher child behavioral and emotional strengths. Effect sizes were in the range typical in recent trials of youth mentoring.
  • References (28)
  • Citations (5)
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References28
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#1Emmy E. WernerH-Index: 27
#2Ruth S. SmithH-Index: 8
This study was a follow-up study of a 1955 cohort of births (614 births) on Kauai island in Hawaii. Follow-up was conducted at birth age one and two years age 10 years age 18 years and 31-32 years. The final sample in adulthood was 505 persons. The sample population was comprised of three ethnic groups (Japanese Filipino and part and full Hawaiian) and 54% grew up in poverty. Births were scored for complications as mild moderate or severe. The interviews conducted with mothers postpartum and at ...
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#1Davielle Lakind (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 7
#2Marc S. Atkins (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 24
Last. J. Mark Eddy (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 26
view all 3 authors...
Youth mentoring is primarily understood as a relationship between mentor and mentee, yet mentors often enter into home, school, and other community settings associated with youth they serve, and interact regularly with other people in mentees' lives. Understanding how and why mentors negotiate their role as they do remains underexplored, especially in relation to these environmental elements. This qualitative study drew on structured interviews conducted with professional mentors (N=9) serving y...
16 CitationsSource
#1Davielle Lakind (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 7
#2J. Mark Eddy (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 26
Last. Adrienne ZellH-Index: 1
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Background Youth mentoring programs rely largely on volunteers, but youth facing significant risks may be poor candidates for volunteer-based interventions. Full-time “professional” mentors in highly structured programs may be better suited to partner effectively with such youth and their families, but few studies examine professional mentoring interventions. Because of mentoring’s inherent flexibility, mentors’ role conceptualizations can profoundly influence the nature of their work. Serving a...
13 CitationsSource
#1J. Mark EddyH-Index: 26
#2Jennifer CearleyH-Index: 3
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#1David L. DuBoisH-Index: 39
#2Nelson Portillo (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 7
Last. Jeffrey C. Valentine (University of Louisville)H-Index: 30
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The current popularity of mentoring programs notwithstanding, questions remain about their typical effectiveness as well as the conditions required for them to achieve optimal positive outcomes for participating youth. In this report, we use the technique of meta-analysis (i.e., aggregating findings across multiple studies) to address these questions. As backdrop for our analysis, we begin with an overview of recent trends in youth mentoring practice, findings from prior research, and a developm...
336 CitationsSource
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In this study, we tested whether having a natural mentor affected the growth trajectory of health outcomes among adolescents transitioning into adulthood (5 years post-high school). Participants in this study included 615 African American emerging adults. Outcomes assessed in this study included depressive symptoms, sexual risk behavior, and substance use. We hypothesized that participants who possessed natural mentors would demonstrate greater declines over time across all outcome variables in ...
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#1Kenneth A. DodgeH-Index: 119
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Part 1. Introduction. K.A. Dodge, J.E. Lansford, T.J. Dishion, The Problem of Deviant Peer Influences in Intervention Programs. T.J. Dishion, K.A. Dodge, Deviant Peer Contagion in Interventions and Programs: An Ecological Framework for Understanding Influence Mechanisms. J.C. Anthony, Deviant Peer Effects: Perspectives of an Epidemiologist. P.J. Cook, J. Ludwig, Assigning Youths to Minimize Total Harm. J.E. Lansford, J. Rosch, Is Deviant Peer Influence a Problem, and What Can Be Done? Qualitativ...
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Mentoring programs have been offered by organizations within and outside of healthcare for years. This commentary examines the literature under the prism of design fundamentals for these programs, drawing particular considerations for schemes aimed at pharmacy professionals. The central argument presented is that mentoring can be used as a vehicle to support pharmacists to learn from others and each other, to reinforce and own their professional identity so that the uniqueness of the pharmacy pr...
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Importance Mortality is an important outcome in evaluating crime prevention programs, but little is known about the effects on mortality during the full life course. Objective To determine the long-term outcomes of a crime prevention program on mortality and whether the iatrogenic effects on mortality observed in middle age persist or change in old age. Design This longitudinal follow-up was conducted in a cohort of boys included in a matched-pair randomized clinical trial (the Cambridge-Somervi...
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Our study objective was to examine the feasibility of implementing a culturally congruent mentorship pilot program, Youth-First (YF), that targets behavior modification among elementary school-aged children with disruptive behavior and a history of school suspension. We hypothesize that it is feasible to implement the YF program to reduce disruptive behaviors and recidivism of level III/IV infractions in school settings among at-risk African American students. We assessed program feasibility bas...
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