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Looking forward: career identity formation and the temporal orientations of young Australians

Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.387
· DOI :10.1016/j.jvb.2017.04.005
Jacqueline Laughland-Booÿ3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Monash University),
Peter A. Newcombe26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Zlatko Skrbis17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Monash University)
Abstract
This paper provides insights into young people's experiences of transitions from adolescence into emerging adulthood by focusing on connections between their career identity formation, time perspectives, and future outlook. The data used in this paper are based on two sets of in-depth interviews undertaken with 28 young people when they were aged 16 and again at age 22. We have identified four main temporal orientations (time perspective/future outlook combinations) and describe how those patterns correspond to proposed extensions to the identity status model as it relates to career identity. Our findings offer support for the inclusion of postponement as a process of identity formation and hiatus as an additional identity status. We also observe three temporally based expressions of career identity achievement, which we label: temporary achievement, permanent achievement, and sequential achievement.
  • References (30)
  • Citations (1)
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References30
Newest
#1Jacqueline Laughland-Booÿ (Monash University)H-Index: 3
#2Zlatko Skrbis (Monash University)H-Index: 17
Last. Peter A. Newcombe (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 26
view all 3 authors...
In many industrialized countries, the transition into adulthood has become prolonged and complex. The consequence is that the process of identity formation within various life domains is often being delayed. This study applies a qualitative longitudinal research strategy to track the experiences of 28 young Australians as they undergo the process of identity development within the domain of romantic relationship formation. We explore their experiences and the strategies they have employed to neg...
1 CitationsSource
#1Luigia Simona Sica (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 8
#2Koen LuyckxH-Index: 41
Last. Laura Aleni Sestito (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
The purpose of this study was to explore in greater depth the identity formation processes in Italian university students starting from previous studies that have provided support for a “postponed Identity”. Given the particular socio-economic difficulties of the Italian context, especially occupational uncertainty, this study assumes that the years of university for Italian students are rather like a time of standby, a period when students are allowed to remain in moratorium (institutionalized)...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jacqueline Laughland-Booÿ (Monash University)H-Index: 3
#2Margery Mayall (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 5
Last. Zlatko Skrbis (Monash University)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Young people making future career choices are doing so in an environment that often highlights the benefits supposedly wrought by individualisation and reflexive choice. It is argued that those who demonstrate reflexivity in their decision-making would have an advantage in the negotiation of future risks. The authors of this article agree with theorists who note that career choices are still strongly influenced by a person’s location in the class structure. However, unlike some writers who sugge...
15 CitationsSource
#1Brian J. Taber (Oakland University)H-Index: 5
#2Maureen Blankemeyer (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 9
Achievement of a vocational identity is an important developmental task for individuals entering adulthood. The present study examined relationships between vocational identity statuses and time perspective in a sample of 165 emerging adults. Results of a canonical correlation analysis identified 2 interpretable variates. The 1st variate indicated that diffuse vocational identity status is associated with negative views of the past and lower orientation toward the future. The 2nd variate indicat...
5 CitationsSource
#1Jefferson A. Singer (Connecticut College)H-Index: 26
#2Adam M. Kasmark (Connecticut College)H-Index: 1
3 CitationsSource
#1Elisabetta Crocetti (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 26
#2Lorenzo Avanzi (University of Trento)H-Index: 8
Last. Wim Meeus (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine ego-identity (Erikson, Psychol Issues 1:1–171, 1959; Identity, youth and crisis, Norton, New York, 1968; Marcia, J Pers Soc Psychol 3:551–558, 1966) and social identity (Tajfel and Turner, In: Austin WG, Worchel S (Eds.) The social psychology of intergroup relations. Brooks/Cole, Monterey, pp 33–47 1979; Turner et al., Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Blackwell, Oxford, 1987) theories within the organizational literatu...
20 CitationsSource
#1Koen Luyckx (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 41
#2Inge Seiffge-Krenke (University of Mainz)H-Index: 32
Last. Theo A. Klimstra (Tilburg University)H-Index: 26
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Abstract Love and work constitute two life-defining identity domains for emerging adults. The present study utilized a five-dimensional identity model and examined identity configurations across these two domains, capturing the degree to which identity statuses correspond across domains. A sample of German 18–30-year-olds who were either working or studying and engaged in a romantic relationship was assessed at baseline and three years later. Six identity clusters emerged in each domain. Combini...
37 CitationsSource
#1Brian J. Taber (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 3
Decision making is not only contingent upon what takes place in the present but also on how one feels about the past and one’s hopes for the future. However, when it comes to time perspective and career decision making, vocational psychology has focused exclusively on future time perspective. The present study examines the relations among past, present, and future time perspectives and career decision-making difficulties in a sample of 195 adults seeking career counseling services. Participants ...
30 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
Last. Emma Baumgartner (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 15
view all 5 authors...
Based on Marcia's identity status model, this cross-sectional study examined adolescents' identity formation analyzing its association with time perspective. A sample of 1300 Italian adolescents filled in self-report measures assessing two major developmental processes: identity resolution and time perspective. Adolescents who achieved an integrated identity status seemed to primarily adopt a future time perspective and to have a positive view of the past. By contrast, Diffused adolescents repor...
32 CitationsSource
#1Elisabetta Crocetti (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 26
#2Luigia Simona Sica (UNITO: University of Turin)H-Index: 8
Last. Wim Meeus (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Introduction Identity styles ( Berzonsky, 1989 ), identity dimensions and statuses ( Marcia, 1966; Crocetti, Rubini, Luyckx, & Meeus, 2008 ), and identity functions ( Adams & Marshall, 1996 ) represent important identity conceptualizations. However, the interrelationships among these constructs are not well understood. Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the connections between these identity conceptualizations. Method Participants were 1158 Italian youth (38% males), age...
49 CitationsSource
Cited By1
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#1Christian Yao (Victoria University of Wellington)H-Index: 4
#2Zheng Daniel Duan (Victoria University of Wellington)
Last. Yehuda Baruch (University of Southampton)H-Index: 44
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Source
#1L. Fusco (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 1
#2Luigia Simona Sica (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 8
Last. L. Aleni Sestito (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
This study focused on the relations between vocational identity, future orientation, and resilience. Southern Italian high school students (N = 342) were assessed using the Vocational Identity Scale Assessment (VISA) and Design My Future to evaluate future orientation and resilience. Future orientation and resilience were correlated positively with commitment making, identification with commitment and exploration, and negatively with vocational flexibility and self-doubt. A cluster analysis reve...
1 CitationsSource