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Dispersal and establishment limitation slows plant community recovery in post-agricultural longleaf pine savannas

Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal of Applied Ecology5.782
· DOI :10.1111/1365-2664.12903
Nash E. Turley11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
John L. Orrock39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 1 AuthorsLars A. Brudvig24
Estimated H-index: 24
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Abstract
  • References (51)
  • Citations (15)
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References51
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#1Philip G. Hahn (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 9
#2John L. Orrock (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 39
Summary The strength of interactions among species is often highly variable in space and time, and a major challenge in understanding context-dependent effects of herbivores lies in disentangling habitat-mediated from herbivore-mediated effects on plant performance. We conducted a landscape-scale experiment that manipulated light availability in woodlands with either a history of agricultural use or no history of agricultural use and coupled this with performance measurements of three life stage...
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#1Nash E. Turley (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 11
#2Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
Intensive land use activities, such as agriculture, are a leading cause of biodiversity loss and can have lasting impacts on ecological systems. Yet, few studies have investigated how land-use legacies impact phylogenetic diversity (the total amount of evolutionary history in a community) or how restoration activities might mitigate legacy effects on biodiversity. We studied ground-layer plant communities in 27 pairs of Remnant (no agricultural history) and Post-agricultural (agriculture abandon...
11 CitationsSource
#1Michael P. Perring (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 19
#2Pieter De Frenne (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 20
Last. Kris Verheyen (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 55
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One of the major challenges in ecology is to predict how multiple global environmental changes will affect future ecosystem patterns (e.g. plant community composition) and processes (e.g. nutrient cycling). Here, we highlight arguments for the necessary inclusion of land-use legacies in this endeavour. Alterations in resources and conditions engendered by previous land use, together with influences on plant community processes such as dispersal, selection, drift and speciation, have steered comm...
50 CitationsSource
The order and timing of species immigration during community assembly can affect species abundances at multiple spatial scales. Known as priority effects, these effects cause historical contingency in the structure and function of communities, resulting in alternative stable states, alternative transient states, or compositional cycles. The mechanisms of priority effects fall into two categories, niche preemption and niche modification, and the conditions for historical contingency by priority e...
349 CitationsSource
#1Emily Grman (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 13
#2John L. Orrock (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 39
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
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Agricultural land use commonly leaves a persistent signature on the ecosystems that develop after agricultural abandonment. Th is agricultural legacy limits the biodiversity supported by post-agricultural habitats compared to remnant habitats that have never been used for agriculture. In particular, beta diversity (variation in community composition across space) at both large and small spatial scales can diff er between post-agricultural and remnant habitats, but we do not understand the mechan...
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#1Tim NewboldH-Index: 22
#2Lawrence N. HudsonH-Index: 17
Last. Andy PurvisH-Index: 68
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#1Reed F. Noss (UCF: University of Central Florida)H-Index: 53
#2William J. Platt (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 37
Last. Robert K. Peet (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 47
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Biodiversity hotspots are conservation priorities. We identify the North American Coastal Plain (NACP) as a global hotspot based on the classic definition, a region with > 1500 endemic plant species and > 70% habitat loss. This region has been bypassed in prior designations due to misconceptions and myths about its ecology and history. These fallacies include: (1) young age of the NACP, climatic instability over time and submergence during high sea-level stands; (2) climatic and environmental ho...
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#1Lander BaetenH-Index: 28
#2T. Jonathan Davies (McGill University)H-Index: 21
Last. Mark Vellend (Université de Sherbrooke)H-Index: 45
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Summary 1. Habitat patches that have been completely cleared of their original vegetation historically and subsequently recolonized naturally provide a useful study system to explore the importance of the processes involved in community assembly. Forests where the understorey vegetation is recovering from past agricultural land use form an iconic example of such a system. 2. The colonization capacity of forest plant species into post-agricultural forests has been related to dispersal traits in p...
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#1Joseph W. Veldman (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 13
#2Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
Last. Joan L. Walker (USFS: United States Forest Service)H-Index: 10
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Question: Human-altered disturbance regimes and agricultural land uses are broadly associated with reduced plant species diversity in terrestrial ecosystems. In this study, we seek to understand how fire frequency and agricultural landusehistory influence savannaunderstorey plant diversity throughcomplex relationships (i.e. indirect effects) among multiple biophysical variables.
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#1Grégoire T. Freschet (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 25
#2Lars Östlund (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 26
Last. David A. Wardle (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 92
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Human activities that involve land-use change often cause major transformations to community and ecosystem properties both aboveground and belowground, and when land use is abandoned, these modifications can persist for extended periods. However, the mechanisms responsible for rapid recovery vs. long-term maintenance of ecosystem changes following abandonment remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the long-term ecological effects of two remote former settlements, regularly visited for ∼300 ...
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#2Lukas Bell-Dereske (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 5
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#2John L. Orrock (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 39
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#2Evelina Lindgren (Stockholm University)
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Temperate woodlands are one of the world's ecosystems in greatest need of ecological restoration, but relatively little is known about their floristic recovery dynamics over decadal timescales. From 2000 to 2012, we monitored understory plant communities in a woodland mosaic in Missouri, USA, as it underwent restoration via prescribed, dormant-season burning and mechanical thinning of red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) and exotic shrubs. Native species richness increased linearly by 36% over this ...
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#1Yoichi Tsuzuki (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)
#2Tomoyo F. Koyanagi (Tokyo Gakugei University)H-Index: 7
Last. Tadashi Miyashita (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 25
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In suburban regions, vacant lots potentially offer significant opportunities for biodiversity conservation. Recently, in Japan, due to an economic recession, some previously developed lands have become vacant. Little is known, however, about the legacy of earlier earthmoving, which involves topsoil removal and ground leveling before residential construction, on plant community composition in such vacant lots. To understand (dis)assembly processes in vacant lots, we studied 24 grasslands in a sub...
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#1Katherine Odanaka (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
#2Jason Gibbs (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 21
Last. Lars A. Brudvig (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 24
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Longleaf pine savannas are highly threatened, fire‐maintained ecosystems unique to the southeastern United States. Fire suppression and conversion to agriculture have strongly affected this ecosystem, altering overstory canopies, understory plant communities, and animal populations. Tree thinning to reinstate open canopies can benefit understory plant diversity, but effects on animal communities are less well understood. Moreover, agricultural land‐use legacies can have long‐lasting impacts on p...
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#1Lin Mao (Lanzhou University)H-Index: 9
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Abstract The potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in ecological restoration has been appreciated increasingly, yet the successional patterns of AM fungal community and their relatedness with plants and ecosystem functions during the recovery of degraded lands remain poorly understood. Here, we examined synchronously the root-associated AM fungal and plant communities as well as the ecosystem multifunctionality (EMF) in paired historically disturbed (topsoil was removed in the early 198...
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#1Cynthia C. Chang (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 8
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Primary plant succession provides an excellent natural experiment to test ecological questions about community assembly following major disturbances. Temporal phylogenetic and functional trait dispersion patterns can give insight into the relative importance of stochastic and deterministic processes, as well as the potential identity of deterministic (biotic vs. abiotic) drivers (e.g. dispersal, growth, nutrient acquisition, and herbivore resistance ability). We used 28 years of plant compositio...
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