Qitianniu zhihaoi gen. et sp. nov.: The first cerambycid beetle found in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea)

Published on Jul 1, 2017in Cretaceous Research 1.93
· DOI :10.1016/j.cretres.2017.03.030
Mei-Ying Lin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Ming Bai14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
Abstract A new cerambycid beetle ( Qitianniu zhihaoi gen. et. sp. nov.) is described on the basis of a single specimen embedded in Cretaceous Burmese amber (ca. 99 Ma). Unusual characteristics are hairy antennae and large lateral eyes, a pronotum with lateral margin, and sinuate protibiae. Based on a phylogenetic analysis, the systematic position of Qitianniu is still uncertain and we provisionally place it as Cerambycidae incertae sedis .
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References19
Published on Feb 1, 2003in Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 2.87
R.D Cruickshank1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Ko Ko1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Amber (‘Burmite’) from the Hukawng Valley of Myanmar has been known since at least the 1st century AD. It is currently being produced from a hill known as Noije Bum, which was first documented as a source of amber in 1836. Several geologists visited the locality between 1892 and 1930. All of them believed that the host rocks to the amber are Tertiary (most said Eocene) in age, and this conclusion has been widely quoted in the literature. However, recent work indicates a Cretaceous age. ...
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Published on Jan 1, 2015in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Yali Yu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Capital Normal University),
Adam Ślipiński7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
+ 3 AuthorsDong Ren25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Capital Normal University)
Abstract Pre-Cenozoic representatives of the coleopteran family Cerambycidae are practically little known. The discovery of a well-preserved fossil of longhorn beetle in the Lower Cretaceous (about 122 Ma) lacustrine deposits of the Yixian Formation in Western Liaoning, China, is the second record of Mesozoic Cerambycidae. We assign this specimen to a new genus and species, Sinopraecipuus bilobatus gen. et sp. nov., but are unable to place it with confidence in any existing subfamily of Cerambyc...
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Published on Mar 1, 2002in American Museum Novitates 0.98
David A. Grimaldi38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
Michael S. Engel33
Estimated H-index: 33
,
Paul C. Nascimbene13
Estimated H-index: 13
Abstract Amber from Kachin, northern Burma, has been used in China for at least a millennium for carving decorative objects, but the only scientific collection of inclusion fossils, at the Natural History Museum, London (NHML), was made approximately 90 years ago. Age of the material was ambiguous, but probably Cretaceous. Numerous new records and taxa occur in this amber, based on newly excavated material in the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) containing 3100 organisms. Without having...
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Published on Oct 1, 2012in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Guanghai Shi4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China University of Geosciences),
David A. Grimaldi38
Estimated H-index: 38
(American Museum of Natural History)
+ 6 AuthorsWeiyan Lei3
Estimated H-index: 3
(China University of Geosciences)
Amber from northern Myanmar has been commercially exploited for millennia, and it also preserves the most diverse palaeobiota among the worlds' seven major deposits of Cretaceous amber. Recent estimated ages vary from Albian to Cenomanian, based on palynology, an ammonoid, and Mesozoic insect taxa preserved within the amber. The burmite-bearing rock is sedimentaryand consists mainly of rounded lithic clasts (0.03w0.15 mm in diameter), with minor fragments of quartz and feldspar. Among the lithic...
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Published on Oct 1, 2008in Cladistics 5.88
Pablo A. Goloboff30
Estimated H-index: 30
(National Scientific and Technical Research Council),
James S. Farris43
Estimated H-index: 43
,
Kevin C. Nixon38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Cornell University)
The main features of the phylogeny program TNT are discussed. Windows versions have a menu interface, while Macintosh and Linux versions are command-driven. The program can analyze data sets with discrete (additive, non-additive, step-matrix) as well as continuous characters (evaluated with Farris optimization). Effective analysis of large data sets can be carried out in reasonable times, and a number of methods to help identifying wildcard taxa in the case of ambiguous data sets are implemented...
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Published on Dec 21, 2007in Science 41.06
Toby Hunt9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Johannes Bergsten18
Estimated H-index: 18
+ 13 AuthorsMichael S. Caterino15
Estimated H-index: 15
Beetles represent almost one-fourth of all described species, and knowledge about their relationships and evolution adds to our understanding of biodiversity. We performed a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of Coleoptera inferred from three genes and nearly 1900 species, representing more than 80% of the world’s recognized beetle families. We defined basal relationships in the Polyphaga supergroup, which contains over 300,000 species, and established five families as the earliest branching li...
493 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 4, 2014in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2.33
Bo Wang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Junye Ma1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Natural History Museum)
+ 3 AuthorsEdmund A. Jarzembowski11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Natural History Museum)
Mesozoic fossils of longhorn beetles, leaf beetles and other Chrysomeloidea are extremely rare, and little is known about the early evolutionary history of this extraordinarily diverse superfamily of beetles. Here we report the earliest known fossil cerambycid, Cretoprionus liutiaogouensis gen. et sp. nov., from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of China. C. liutiaogouensis bears several features characteristic of the extant subfamily Prioninae, including a large and robust body, absence of ...
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Published on Mar 1, 2016in Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2.37
Ming Bai14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Weiwei Zhang7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 2 AuthorsXing-Ke Yang13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
The Hybosoridae is a cosmopolitan family of Scarabaeoidea that is most diverse in the tropics. Up to now, all published Mesozoic hybosorids were compression fossils, except for one from Lebanon amber which is incomplete. A new species, Hybosorus ocampoi Bai et Zhang sp. nov., of Hybosoridae (Scarabaeoidea) is described and illustrated based on one well-preserved Myanmar amber specimen. The phylogenetic position of H. ocampoi was analyzed by employing 117 morphological characters and 44 extant/ex...
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Published on Nov 1, 2016in Gondwana Research 5.66
Ming Bai14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Rolf G. Beutel39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of Jena)
+ 3 AuthorsBenjamin Wipfler14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract A new insect species († Alienopterus brachyelytrus Bai, Beutel, Klass, Wipfler et Zhang gen. et sp. nov. ) of a new order and family is described, based on a single male embedded in Cretaceous Burmese amber (ca. 99 Ma). Unusual characters are shortened forewings combined with fully developed, operational hindwings, similar as in Dermaptera, and specialized attachment pads otherwise only found in mantophasmatodeans (heelwalkers). A cladistic analysis suggests a placement as sister to Man...
30 Citations Source Cite
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Cited By2
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Yun Hsiao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Taiwan University),
Chia-Lung Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Taiwan Normal University)
Abstract A new genus and species of ripiphorid beetle is described based on a female specimen preserved in Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian, ca. 99 Ma) amber from northern Myanmar, under the name of Spinotoma ruicheni gen. et sp. nov. It belongs to the extant Pelecotominae and represents the second documented occurrence of this subfamily in the Late Cretaceous. This new taxon is morphologically distinguishable in Pelecotominae by the combination of following characters: eyes oval, without incision; ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 16, 2019in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2.33
Sha Li2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yuanyuan Lu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 3 AuthorsMing Bai14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
A new subfamily of Scarabaeidae, †Electrorubesopsinae Bai & Wang subfam. nov., is described from Cretaceous amber of Myanmar (earliest Cenomanian, ∼100 Ma) as the possible sister group of Dynamopodinae. †Electrorubesopsis beuteli Bai & Wang gen. et sp. nov. is the first species of this subfamily, which has probably been long extinct. Its external morphology was analysed and compared with all known genera of Dynamopodinae. A phylogenetic analysis based on 82 morphological characters suggests its ...
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