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Mineralogy, fluid inclusion petrography, and stable isotope geochemistry of Pb–Zn–Ag veins at the Shizhuyuan deposit, Hunan Province, southeastern China

Published on Jan 1, 2018in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
· DOI :10.1007/s00126-017-0725-9
Shenghua Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Jingwen Mao33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 2 AuthorsXudong Wang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NU: Northeastern University)
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Abstract
The Shizhuyuan polymetallic deposit is located in the central part of the Nanling region, southeastern China, and consists of proximal W–Sn–Mo–Bi skarns and greisens and distal Pb–Zn–Ag veins. The sulfides and sulfosalts in the distal veins formed in three distinct stages: (1) an early stage of pyrite and arsenopyrite, (2) a middle stage of sphalerite and chalcopyrite, and (3) a late stage of galena, Ag-, Sn-, and Bi-bearing sulfides and sulfosalts, and pyrrhotite. Combined sulfide and sulfosalt geothermometry and fluid inclusion analyses indicate that the early stage of mineralization occurred at a temperature of ~400 °C and involved boiling under hydrostatic pressure (~200 bar), with the temperature of the system dropping during the late stage to ~200 °C. Laser Raman analysis indicates that the fluid inclusions within the studied minerals are dominated by H2O, although some contain carbonate solids and CH4 gas. Vein-hosted sulfides have δ34S values of 3.8–6.3‰ that are interpreted as indicative of a magmatic source of sulfur. The mineralization process can be summarized as follows: an aqueous fluid exsolved on final crystallization of the Qianlishan pluton, ascended along fracture zones, cooled to <400 °C, and boiled under hydrostatic conditions, and with decreasing temperature and sulfur fugacity, sulfide and sulfosalt minerals precipitated successively from the Ag–Cu–Zn–Fe–Pb–Sb–As–S-bearing fluid system.
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  • Citations (7)
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References57
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Shenghua Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Jingwen Mao33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 2 AuthorsBikang Xiong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract The recently discovered Longtougang skarn and hydrothermal vein Cu–Zn deposit is located in the North Wuyi area, southeastern China. The intrusions in the ore district comprise several small porphyritic biotite monzonite, porphyritic monzonite, and porphyritic granite plutons and dikes. The mineralization is zoned from a lower zone of Cu-rich veins and Cu–Zn skarns to an upper zone of banded Zn–Pb mineralization in massive epidote altered rocks. The deposit is associated with skarn, pot...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
Jinjie Yu3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Linrui Che3
Estimated H-index: 3
(China University of Geosciences),
Tiezhu Wang3
Estimated H-index: 3
The Meishan deposit (338 Mt at 39 % Fe) comprises massive ores in the main orebody and stockwork and disseminated ores along the main orebody. Four stages of mineralization and related alteration have been identified. The second stage of mineralization, which was the main stage of iron mineralization, formed stringer, disseminated iron ores, as well as the main Meishan orebody. The fourth stage formed small pyrite and/or gold orebodies above or alongside the main magnetite orebody. Stage 2 apati...
12 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2013in Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 2.76
Hai-Min Ye14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Jianren Mao6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 2 AuthorsDan-Dan Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Early–Middle Jurassic igneous rocks (190–170 Ma) are distributed in an E–W-trending band within the Nanling Tectonic Belt, and have a wide range of compositions but are only present in limited volumes. This scenario contrasts with the uniform but voluminous Middle–Late Jurassic igneous rocks (165–150 Ma) in this area. The Early–Middle Jurassic rocks include oceanic-island basalt (OIB)-type alkali basalts, tholeiitic basalts and gabbros, bimodal volcanic rocks, syenites, A-type granites,...
22 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
Mao Jingwen17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Cheng Yanbo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 1 AuthorsFranco Pirajno48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
The ore deposits of the Mesozoic age in South China can be divided into three groups, each with different metal associations and spatial distributions and each related to major magmatic events. The first event occurred in the Late Triassic (230–210 Ma), the second in the Mid–Late Jurassic (170–150 Ma), and the third in the Early–Mid Cretaceous (120–80 Ma). The Late Triassic magmatic event and associated mineralization is characterized by peraluminous granite-related W–Sn–Nb–Ta mineral deposits. ...
243 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Economic Geology 3.29
Sabina Strmić Palinkaš5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Zagreb),
Ladislav Palinkaš11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Zagreb)
+ 4 AuthorsGani Maliqi1
Estimated H-index: 1
The Trepca Pb-Zn-Ag skarn deposit (29 Mt of ore at 3.45% Pb, 2.30% Zn, and 80 g/t Ag) is located in the Kopaonik block of the western Vardar zone, Kosovo. The mineralization, hosted by recrystallized limestone of Upper Triassic age, was structurally and lithologically controlled. Ore deposition is spatially and temporally related with the postcollisional magmatism of Oligocene age (2326 Ma). The deposit was formed during two distinct mineralization stages: an early prograde closed-system and a ...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Lithos 3.91
Weidong Sun47
Estimated H-index: 47
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Xiaoyong Yang19
Estimated H-index: 19
(USTC: University of Science and Technology of China)
+ 1 AuthorsWUFuyuan87
Estimated H-index: 87
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract South China is famous for its polymetallic deposits, with more than 50% of the world's W and Sb reserves and 20% of the Sn reserves, as well as abundant Cu–Mo–Pb–Zn–Au–Ag, Ta, Nb, HREE and U. This special issue reports recent progress on the tectonic evolution, magmatism and ore deposits of South China, which leads to a more comprehensive understanding of the Mesozoic large scale magmatism and mineralization events: (1) South China has been located in backarc settings during multiple su...
64 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2012in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
Ruizhong Hu36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Mei-Fu Zhou69
Estimated H-index: 69
(HKU: University of Hong Kong)
Mesozoic mineral deposits in South China include world-class deposits of W, Sn and Sb and those that provide the major sources of Ta, Cu, Hg, As, Tl, Pb, Zn, Au and Ag for the entire country. These deposits can be classified into polymetallic hydrothermal systems closely related to felsic intrusive rocks (Sn–W –Mo granites, Cu porphyries, polymetallic and Fe skarns, and polymetallic vein deposits) and low-temperature hydrothermal systems with no direct connection to igneous activities (MVT depos...
132 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2012in Gondwana Research 6.48
Kui-Dong Zhao23
Estimated H-index: 23
(NU: Nanjing University),
Shao-Yong Jiang40
Estimated H-index: 40
(NU: Nanjing University)
+ 2 AuthorsJian-Jun Lu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NU: Nanjing University)
Abstract The Shi-Hang zone is an important NE trending Mesozoic magmatic belt composed of granites with relative high e Nd (t) values and young T DM model ages in South China. However, the petrogenesis and the tectonic environment for the Shi-Hang zone magmatic rocks remain controversial. We report here mineral chemistry, geochemical and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic data for the Cailing and Furong granites and mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) from the Qitianling granite batholith in southern Hunan provi...
78 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Guiqing Xie5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China),
Jingwen Mao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China)
+ 4 AuthorsYufu Ke2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract The Tonglushan ore district in the Middle–Lower Yangtze River Valley metallogenic belt includes the Tonglushan Cu–Fe, the Jiguanzui Au–Cu, and the Taohuazui Au–Cu skarn deposits. They are characterized by NE-striking ore bodies and hosted at the contact of Triassic carbonate rocks and Late Mesozoic granitoid deposits. New Sensitive High-Resolution Ion Microprobe (SHRIMP) and Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA–ICP-MS) zircon U–Pb, molybdenite Re–Os, and phlog...
38 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Jingwen Mao33
Estimated H-index: 33
,
Jiandong Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Akita University)
+ 4 AuthorsYuchuan Chen3
Estimated H-index: 3
Abstract Based on previous studies and detailed field investigations of the Dexing porphyry copper deposit, the Yinshan Ag-Pb-Zn deposit and the Jinshan shear zone – hosted gold deposit in the Dele Jurassic volcanic basin, in the northeastern Jiangxi province, East China, we propose that the three deposits share spatial, temporal and genetic relationships and belong to the same metallogenic system. Dexing is a typical porphyry Cu–Au–Mo deposit in which both ore-forming fluid and metals are deriv...
67 Citations Source Cite
Cited By7
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2019in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Wei-Cheng Jiang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China University of Geosciences),
Huan Li10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CSU: Central South University)
+ 1 AuthorsJing-Hua Wu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CSU: Central South University)
Abstract The giant Shizhuyuan W–Sn–Mo–Bi–Pb–Zn polymetallic skarn-type deposit, which lies in the world-famous Nanling W–Sn metallogenic belt, has a close affinity with the Qianlishan granite complex. Previous studies focused on the Qianlishan granitoids rather than relevant skarns, where the evolutionary processes of skarn-forming fluids, mineralized fluids and sources of metals are debated. This study carried out systematic EPMA and LA-ICPMS zircon U–Pb dating, major- and trace-element and Lu–...
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Shenghua Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Jingwen Mao33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 4 AuthorsWeidong Sun47
Estimated H-index: 47
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract Scheelite has been analyzed from the Shizhuyuan and the Xianglushan world-class W deposits from the Nanling W–Sn region and Jiangnan W belt, respectively. The Shizhuyuan deposit consists of proximal skarn and greisen W–Sn–Mo–Bi and distal Pb–Zn–Ag veins. The Xianglushan deposit, contains layer-like sulfide–scheelite and skarn W orebodies on granite cupolas overprinted by W greisen veins. Scheelite in skarn ores from the Shizhuyuan contains higher concentrations of Mo than those in the s...
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Published on Apr 1, 2019in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
Stefan Horn (RWTH Aachen University), Annika Dziggel14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RWTH Aachen University)
+ 1 AuthorsSven Sindern11
Estimated H-index: 11
(RWTH Aachen University)
The Black Angel deposit represents the most important base metal deposit in Greenland, having produced 11.2 million tons of Pb-Zn-Ag ore from 1973 to 1990. The deposit is hosted by a greenschist facies calcitic marble of the Mârmorilik Formation of the Paleoproterozoic Karrat Group. The ore consists of sphalerite, pyrite, and galena, with minor amounts of chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, tetrahedrite, freibergite, tennantite, stannite, briartite, rutile, and graphite. Pyrite occurs as porphyroclasts ...
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Published on Apr 1, 2019in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Shenghua Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Weidong Sun47
Estimated H-index: 47
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Xudong Wang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NU: Northeastern University)
Abstract The Dongyuan deposit, in the recently identified world-class porphyry–skarn W metallogenic belt, east Jiangnan Orogen, China, is characterized by a set of nearly parallel and horizontal multi-cycle orebodies within cupolas of porphyritic granodiorite. Almost every orebody from the top to the bottom shows similar vertical changes in vein morphology and mineral assemblage from ≤1 cm quartz–feldspar–scheelite–calcite veins to 1–2 cm quartz–feldspar–muscovite–scheelite veins to 2–5 cm quart...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 5, 2019in Mineralium Deposita 3.40
Yiqu Xiong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CSU: Central South University),
Yongjun Shao6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CSU: Central South University)
+ 3 AuthorsMinghong Zheng1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CSU: Central South University)
Vein-type deposits, including the Xiangdong W–Sn and Dalong Pb–Zn deposits, occur in or near the Dengfuxian composite granite pluton, comprising predominantly Triassic and minor Jurassic intrusions. Liquid-rich NaCl-aqueous inclusions, vapor-rich NaCl-aqueous inclusions, liquid-rich CaCl2-NaCl-aqueous inclusions, two-phase CH4-rich inclusions, three-phase CO2-H2O inclusions, and three-phase calcite-bearing inclusions occur in the quartz veins at Xiangdong, whereas only liquid-rich NaCl-aqueous i...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Jing-Hua Wu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(China University of Geosciences),
Huan Li10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CSU: Central South University)
+ 2 AuthorsZhe-Kai Zhou4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract The Xianghualing Sn–Pb–Zn deposit is situated near the center of the world-class Nanling W–Sn ore belt, associated with the highly evolved Laiziling granite of Jurassic age. Previous studies focused mainly on geochemical and geochronological features of the mineralization-related granite, whereas research on the source, evolution and geochronology of the ore-forming fluids has been limited. We carried out precise U–Pb dating, trace element, and Hf isotopic analyses on magmatic and hydro...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Panlao Zhao3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Shunda Yuan3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 4 AuthorsYan Shuang2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract The world-class Dongpo orefield, located in the Nanling Range, South China, is famous for its large-scale accumulation of W–Sn–Mo–Bi–Pb–Zn–Ag deposits, which includes the giant Shizhuyuan W-Sn-Mo-Bi, Jinchuantang Sn-Bi, Yejiwei Sn-Cu and Congshuban Pb-Zn-Ag deposits. The polymetallic mineralization around the Qianlishan pluton exhibits systematic zoning and comprises proximal W–Sn–Mo–Bi skarn-greisen and distal Pb–Zn–Ag veins. However, the timing and genetic link of its proximal skarn-g...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Ore Geology Reviews 3.39
Pan Dai2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Jingwen Mao33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 2 AuthorsXiaohong Luo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NU: Northwestern University)
Abstract The Xianglushan W deposit in northwestern Jiangxi Province, South China, is one of numerous large-size W deposits along the northern margin of the Jiangnan Massif. The deposit comprises lenticular and stratiform-like orebodies, mainly along the contact between argillaceous limestone of the Cambrian Yangliugang Formation and a biotite granite pluton. The mineralization is zoned from proximal W greisen within the cupolas of the biotite granite, through W skarn and sulfide-scheelite bands ...
3 Citations Source Cite