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Prevalence Rate and Demographic and Clinical Correlates of Child Sexual Abuse Among New Psychiatric Outpatients in a City in Northern Alberta

Published on May 19, 2017in Journal of Child Sexual Abuse0.963
· DOI :10.1080/10538712.2017.1282573
Vincent I. O. Agyapong10
Estimated H-index: 10
(U of A: University of Alberta),
Michal Juhás8
Estimated H-index: 8
(U of A: University of Alberta)
+ 3 AuthorsS. Corbett2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract
ABSTRACTThe prevalence rate for child sexual abuse among new psychiatric outpatients in Fort McMurray was 20.7%. With an odds ratio for sex of 3.30, female patients are about 3 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared with male patients when controlling for other factors. Similarly, patients with at most high school education and those with previous contact with psychiatric services were about 2 times more likely to report a history of child sexual abuse compared to the patients with college or university education or no previous contact with psychiatric services, respectively. Similarly, patients with histories of substance abuse and patients with family histories of mental illness had higher likelihoods of reporting histories of child sexual abuse compared to patients without histories of substance abuse or family histories of mental illness, respectively. Our findings suggest that victims of child sexual abuse are an at-risk population in need of ongoing mental health and ed...
  • References (20)
  • Citations (2)
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References20
Newest
#1James A. Kmett (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 1
#2Shaun M. Eack (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 31
The deleterious effects of sexual abuse (SA) are well documented, as many studies have found that SA can increase the risk for psychiatric disorders. While SA has been examined in multiple samples, no studies have examined the characteristics of SA in individuals with severe mental illnesses (SMI). This study examined the prevalence rate and characterized the nature of SA among individuals with SMI who were under psychiatric care in three different inpatient facilities. Utilizing data from the M...
1 CitationsSource
#2Shekhar P. Seshadri (National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences)H-Index: 9
Last. John Vijay Sagar (National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Objectives To study the clinical features of children with history of sexual abuse. Method A chart review of 40 children ( Results 52.5% ( N = 21) of the children came from broken families. The most common form of abuse was contact penetrative (67.5%) followed by contact non-penetrative abuse (30%). Seventy-Five percent ( N = 30) had a psychiatric diagnosis at baseline and 37.5% of these children had comorbidities. The commonest diagnoses were Depressive Disorder (35%) followed by Stres...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kathrine Kloppen (University of Bergen)H-Index: 2
#2Siren HauglandH-Index: 12
Last. Kyrre BreivikH-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTThis review examined child sexual abuse in the Nordic countries focusing on prevalence rates and victims’ age and relationship to the perpetrator. The results show a prevalence of child sexual abuse (broadly defined) between 3–23% for boys and 11–36% for girls. The prevalence rates for contact abuse were 1–12% for boys and 6–30% for girls, while 0.3–6.8% of the boys and 1.1–13.5% of the girls reported penetrating abuse. The findings suggest an increased risk of abuse from early adolescen...
19 CitationsSource
Background: Nationally representative Canadian data on the prevalence of child abuse and its relation with mental disorders are lacking. We used contemporary, nationally representative data to examine the prevalence of 3 types of child abuse (physical abuse, sexual abuse and exposure to intimate partner violence) and their association with 14 mental conditions, including suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Methods: We obtained data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey: Mental Healt...
155 CitationsSource
#1Jutta Lindert (Harvard University)H-Index: 15
#2Ondine S. von Ehrenstein (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 19
Last. Marc G. Weisskopf (Harvard University)H-Index: 51
view all 6 authors...
Objectives To determine whether depression and anxiety in adulthood are associated with abuse exposure in childhood.
164 CitationsSource
#1Meichun Mohler-Kuo (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 20
#2Markus A. Landolt (Boston Children's Hospital)H-Index: 37
Last. Ulrich Schnyder (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 45
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Purpose Child sexual abuse (CSA) is one of the most serious public health problems among children and adolescents, owing to its widespread prevalence and serious health consequences. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of, and characteristics and circumstances associated with, CSA. Methods An epidemiological survey was conducted on a nationally representative sample of 6,787 ninth-grade students (15.5 ± .66 years of age) in Switzerland. Self-reported computer-assisted quest...
48 CitationsSource
#1Marina Ajduković (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 10
#2Nika Sušac (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 2
Last. Miroslav Rajter (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
Aim. To examine age and gender differences in the prevalence and incidence of child sexual abuse, the level of acquaintance of the child and the perpetrator, and correlations between experiencing family violence and sexual abuse on a nationally representative sample of 11, 13, and 16 years old children. Method. A probabilistic stratified cluster sample included 2.62% of the overall population of children aged 11 (n=1223), 13 (n=1188), and 16 (n=1233) from 40 primary and 29 secondary schools. A m...
7 CitationsSource
#1Jürgen Barth (University of Bern)H-Index: 29
#2L. Bermetz (University of Bern)H-Index: 1
Last. Thomy Tonia (University of Bern)H-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
Objectives Systematic reviews on prevalence estimates of child sexual abuse (CSA) worldwide included studies with adult participants referring on a period of abuse of about 50 years. Therefore we aimed to describe the current prevalence of CSA, taking into account geographical region, type of abuse, level of country development and research methods.
243 CitationsSource
Abstract To estimate the prevalence and social and demographic correlates of child sexual abuse among people with bipolar disorder, the findings of all the pertinent studies were qualitatively and semi-quantitatively analyzed. Five databases were searched. Blind assessments of study eligibility and quality were conducted by two independent researchers. Twenty studies, meeting minimum quality standards and including 3407 adults and youths with bipolar disorder across 10 countries and 3 continents...
33 CitationsSource
There is considerable controversy about the role of child sexual abuse in the etiology of anxiety disorders. Although a growing number of research studies have been published, these have produced inconsistent results and conclusions regarding the nature of the associations between child sexual abuse and the various forms of anxiety problems as well as the potential effects of third variables, such as moderators, mediators, or confounders. This article provides a systematic review of the several ...
65 CitationsSource
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#1Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan (UNH: University of New Hampshire)H-Index: 5
#2David Finkelhor (UNH: University of New Hampshire)H-Index: 94
The present study sought to examine features of sexual abuse cases among a U.S. nationally representative sample of 13,052 children and adolescents, ages 0–17 years. The National Survey of Children...
Source
#1Mark Assink (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 10
#2Claudia E. van der Put (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 14
Last. Machteld Hoeve (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 19
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