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Work organization and mental health problems in PhD students

Published on May 1, 2017in Research Policy5.42
· DOI :10.1016/j.respol.2017.02.008
Katia Levecque16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UGent: Ghent University),
Frederik Anseel21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsLydia Gisle7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract
Research policy observers are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of current academic working conditions on mental health, particularly in PhD students. The aim of the current study is threefold. First, we assess the prevalence of mental health problems in a representative sample of PhD students in Flanders, Belgium (N = 3659). Second, we compare PhD students to three other samples: (1) highly educated in the general population (N = 769); (2) highly educated employees (N = 592); and (3) higher education students (N = 333). Third, we assess those organizational factors relating to the role of PhD students that predict mental health status. Results based on 12 mental health symptoms (GHQ-12) showed that 32% of PhD students are at risk of having or developing a common psychiatric disorder, especially depression. This estimate was significantly higher than those obtained in the comparison groups. Organizational policies were significantly associated with the prevalence of mental health problems. Especially work-family interface, job demands and job control, the supervisor’s leadership style, team decision-making culture, and perception of a career outside academia are linked to mental health problems.
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References71
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#1Marcie LePine (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 1
#2Yiwen Zhang (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 2
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#1Joel Goh (Harvard University)H-Index: 9
#2Jeffrey Pfeffer (Stanford University)H-Index: 82
Last.Stefanos A. Zenios (Stanford University)H-Index: 27
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#1John Walsii (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 28
#2You-Na Lee (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 6
#1You-Na Lee (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 6
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Last.Jian Wang (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 11
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#1Frank A. Bosco (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 11
#2Herman Aguinis (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)H-Index: 54
Last.Charles A. Pierce (U of M: University of Memphis)H-Index: 30
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#1Allison M. Ellis (PSU: Portland State University)H-Index: 4
#2Talya N. Bauer (PSU: Portland State University)H-Index: 32
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#1Gretchen M. Reevy (CSUEB: California State University, East Bay)H-Index: 6
#2Grace Deason (UWL: University of Wisconsin–La Crosse)H-Index: 7
Cited By52
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#1Lee Fergusson (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 4
#2Luke van der Laan (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 3
Last.June Balfour (University of Southern Queensland)
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#1Vinesh Maguire-Rajpaul (University of Cambridge)
#2H. Jermak (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 7
Last.Stacey Habergham-Mawson (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)
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