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Work organization and mental health problems in PhD students

Published on May 1, 2017in Research Policy 4.66
· DOI :10.1016/j.respol.2017.02.008
Katia Levecque16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Ghent University),
Frederik Anseel21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsLydia Gisle7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract
Research policy observers are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of current academic working conditions on mental health, particularly in PhD students. The aim of the current study is threefold. First, we assess the prevalence of mental health problems in a representative sample of PhD students in Flanders, Belgium (N = 3659). Second, we compare PhD students to three other samples: (1) highly educated in the general population (N = 769); (2) highly educated employees (N = 592); and (3) higher education students (N = 333). Third, we assess those organizational factors relating to the role of PhD students that predict mental health status. Results based on 12 mental health symptoms (GHQ-12) showed that 32% of PhD students are at risk of having or developing a common psychiatric disorder, especially depression. This estimate was significantly higher than those obtained in the comparison groups. Organizational policies were significantly associated with the prevalence of mental health problems. Especially work-family interface, job demands and job control, the supervisor’s leadership style, team decision-making culture, and perception of a career outside academia are linked to mental health problems.
  • References (71)
  • Citations (52)
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References71
Published on Jan 1, 2000
Tom Cox38
Estimated H-index: 38
290 Citations
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Research Policy 4.66
John Walsii28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Georgia Institute of Technology),
You-Na Lee6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
While science is traditionally treated as a distinct domain of work organization, increasingly science is organized around larger and larger work groups that resemble small firms, with knowledge as the product. The growth of organized science raises the question of whether we also see a bureaucratic structuring of scientific work groups as predicted by organization theory, with implications for the academic credit system and scientific labor markets. Building on organization theory, we examine t...
26 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 12, 1992
Robert Karasek37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Copenhagen),
Töres Theorell76
Estimated H-index: 76
Suggests a strategy for redesigning jobs to reduce unnecessary stress and improve productivity and job satisfaction.
5,685 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1972
David Goldberg71
Estimated H-index: 71
2,928 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Gedrag & Organisatie 0.30
A.H.B. de Hoogh4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Deanne N. Den Hartog44
Estimated H-index: 44
,
P.L. Koopman24
Estimated H-index: 24
29 Citations
Published on Jan 15, 1996
Ian McDowell6
Estimated H-index: 6
This is a convenient guide to the health measurement methods used in health and social surveys, epidemiological studies, and clinical trials. It describes the theory and the leading methods of measurement, all of which rely on subjective judgments in questionnaires and rating scales. The authors discuss the validity and reliability of each method, showing readers how to select the most suitable one, apply it, and score the results. Epidemiologists and health care researchers; social scientists; ...
3,697 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1988
David Goldberg71
Estimated H-index: 71
,
Williams, Paul, D.P.M1
Estimated H-index: 1
3,089 Citations
Published on Mar 23, 1999
Paul D. Allison46
Estimated H-index: 46
From the Publisher: If you are a researcher or student with experience in multiple linear regression and want to learn about logistic regression, this book is for you! Informal and nontechnical, this book both explains the theory behind logistic regression and looks at all the practical details involved in its implementation using SAS. Several social science real-world examples are included in full detail. This book also explains the differences and similarities among the many generalizations of...
1,597 Citations
Published on Nov 1, 2010in Public Health Nursing 1.16
A. B. de Castro10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Washington),
Tessa Rue24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Washington),
David T. Takeuchi38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Washington)
Objective: This study examined the associations between employment frustration and both self-rated physical health (SRPH) and self-rated mental health (SRMH) among Asian American immigrants. Design and Sample: A cross-sectional quantitative analysis was conducted utilizing data from 1,181 Asian immigrants participating in the National Latino and Asian American Study. Measures: Employment frustration was measured by self-report of having difficulty finding the work one wants because of being of A...
28 Citations Source Cite
Caroline Biron11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Jean-Pierre Brun10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Laval University),
Hans Ivers32
Estimated H-index: 32
Canadian higher education sector has undergone numerous changes during the past decades. Increased student enrolments, massive cuts in human resources and constant restructuring are changes likely to have had a considerable impact on all employees (e.g., administrative, trades, and faculty). While many studies conducted in different countries have shown that stress in universities is a problem of alarming proportions, to date, no study of the entire staff of a university has been carried out in ...
36 Citations
Cited By52
Published on May 1, 2017in Nature 41.58
David A. McDonald1
Estimated H-index: 1
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2017in Nature 41.58
Kendall Powell K12
Estimated H-index: 12
Taking time off from work is crucial for avoiding stress and depression, and their potential consequences.
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Society and mental health 0.96
Pieter Dudal1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ghent University),
Dieter Verhaest12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Piet Bracke26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Ghent University)
There is little theoretical understanding of why educational inequalities in depression are larger in some countries than in others. The current research tries to fill this gap by focusing on the way in which important labor market processes, specifically upgrading and polarization, affect the relationship between education and depression. Analyses are based on a subsample, aged between 20 and 65, in 26 countries participating in the European Social Survey (N = 56,881) in 2006, 2012, and 2014. T...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Annals of The Entomological Society of America 1.56
M Reeve1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Matthew Partridge6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Cranfield University)
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Nature 41.58
Chris Woolston5
Estimated H-index: 5
Nature's 2017 PhD survey reveals that, despite many problems with doctoral programmes, PhD students are as committed as ever to pursuing research careers.
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Nature plants 11.47
Laci Gerhart (University of California, Davis)
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Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of Second Language Writing 3.32
Lisa Russell-Pinson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
M. Lynne Harris1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
Abstract In this Short Communication, we report on some stresses experienced by L2 writers in the dissertation process and argue that when these emotions go unacknowledged and unaddressed, they can result in deleterious outcomes for these writers. Drawing on our work with writers in dissertation support groups, we note the sources of stress for the L2 students; while the genesis of some of the L2 students’ stress may be attributed solely to challenges in text production, other factors, such as i...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 2, 2018in Contemporary social science
Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Oxford)
ABSTRACTThis article discusses how closeness and distance affected my ethnographic research in two Brazilian cities. I first address the pitfalls I encountered researching Luz, a run-down transportation hub and residential area in Sao Paulo’s city centre, also known as Crackland for its drug trade and consumption. In Luz, I was confronted with everyday hostility in an environment of unknown others and an ever-changing cityscape: users of cultural offerings, temporary residents and by-passers, po...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 16, 2018in Higher Education Research & Development 2.01
Km Barry17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tasmania),
M Woods6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Tasmania)
+ 2 AuthorsAngela Martin17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tasmania)
ABSTRACTPsychological distress is prevalent in doctoral degree training and affects students' completion time. It is crucial to monitor the amount of distress experienced and understand the causes for it to inform the type of support most needed. This mixed method study explored challenges related to candidature, self-reported progress and measures of perceived and actual psychological distress with a convenience sample of 81 doctoral candidates in an Australian university. Using validated surve...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Area 2.19
Faith Tucker10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Northampton),
John Horton19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Northampton)
Fieldwork is central to the identity, culture and history of academic Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (GEES). However, in this paper we recognise that, for many academic staff, fieldtrips can be a profoundly challenging ‘ordeal’, ill-conducive to wellness or effective pedagogic practice. Drawing upon research with 39 UK university-based GEES academics who self-identify as having a mental health condition, we explore how mental health intersects with spaces and expectations of fieldwo...
2 Citations Source Cite