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The neural and behavioral correlates of social evaluation in childhood

Published on Apr 1, 2017in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience4.92
· DOI :10.1016/j.dcn.2017.02.007
Michelle Achterberg5
Estimated H-index: 5
(LEI: Leiden University),
Anna C. K. van Duijvenvoorde18
Estimated H-index: 18
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 3 AuthorsEveline A. Crone4
Estimated H-index: 4
(LEI: Leiden University)
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Abstract
Abstract Being accepted or rejected by peers is highly salient for developing social relations in childhood. We investigated the behavioral and neural correlates of social feedback and subsequent aggression in 7–10-year-old children, using the Social Network Aggression Task (SNAT). Participants viewed pictures of peers that gave positive, neutral or negative feedback to the participant’s profile. Next, participants could blast a loud noise towards the peer, as an index of aggression. We included three groups ( N  = 19, N  = 28 and N  = 27) and combined the results meta-analytically. Negative social feedback resulted in the most behavioral aggression, with large combined effect-sizes. Whole brain condition effects for each separate sample failed to show robust effects, possibly due to the small samples. Exploratory analyses over the combined test and replication samples confirmed heightened activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) after negative social feedback. Moreover, meta-analyses of activity in predefined regions of interest showed that negative social feedback resulted in more neural activation in the amygdala, anterior insula and the mPFC/anterior cingulate cortex. Together, the results show that social motivation is already highly salient in middle childhood, and indicate that the SNAT is a valid paradigm for assessing the neural and behavioral correlates of social evaluation in children.
  • References (38)
  • Citations (6)
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References38
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience4.92
Jennifer A. Silvers14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles),
Catherine Insel7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Harvard University)
+ 7 AuthorsKevin N. Ochsner68
Estimated H-index: 68
(Columbia University)
Understanding how and why affective responses change with age is central to characterizing typical and atypical emotional development. Prior work has emphasized the role of the amygdala and prefrontal cortex (PFC), which show age-related changes in function and connectivity. However, developmental neuroimaging research has only recently begun to unpack whether age effects in the amygdala and PFC are specific to affective stimuli or may be found for neutral stimuli as well, a possibility that wou...
Anders Eklund13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Linköping University),
Thomas E. Nichols69
Estimated H-index: 69
(Warw.: University of Warwick),
Hans Knutsson32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Linköping University)
The most widely used task functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) analyses use parametric statistical methods that depend on a variety of assumptions. In this work, we use real resting-state data and a total of 3 million random task group analyses to compute empirical familywise error rates for the fMRI software packages SPM, FSL, and AFNI, as well as a nonparametric permutation method. For a nominal familywise error rate of 5%, the parametric statistical methods are shown to be conservativ...
Published on Jul 1, 2016in Psychological Science4.90
Benjamin Scheibehenne16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Geneva),
Tahira Jamil5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UvA: University of Amsterdam),
Eric-Jan Wagenmakers63
Estimated H-index: 63
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
Published on May 1, 2016in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience3.66
Michelle Achterberg5
Estimated H-index: 5
(LEI: Leiden University),
Anna C. K. van Duijvenvoorde18
Estimated H-index: 18
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 1 AuthorsEveline A. Crone4
Estimated H-index: 4
(LEI: Leiden University)
Negative social feedback often generates aggressive feelings and behavior. Prior studies have investigated the neural basis of negative social feedback, but the underlying neural mechanisms of aggression regulation following negative social feedback remain largely undiscovered. In the current study participants viewed pictures of peers with feedback (positive, neutral, or negative) to the participant's personal profile. Next, participants responded to the peer feedback by pressing a button, ther...
Published on May 1, 2016in Neuron14.40
Matthew A. J. Apps18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Oxford),
Matthew F. S. Rushworth88
Estimated H-index: 88
(University of Oxford),
Steve W. C. Chang15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Yale University)
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is implicated in a broad range of behaviors and cognitive processes, but it has been unclear what contribution, if any, the ACC makes to social behavior. We argue that anatomical and functional evidence suggests that a specific sub-region of ACC—in the gyrus (ACCg)—plays a crucial role in processing social information. We propose that the computational properties of the ACCg support a contribution to social cognition by estimating how motivated other individua...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience4.92
Jennifer H. Pfeifer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UO: University of Oregon),
Nicholas B. Allen55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UO: University of Oregon)
In this issue of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, two articles revisit a pair of seminal models that have permeated developmental neuroscience research focused on adolescence. Shulman and colleagues (this issue) “review, reappraise, and reaffirm” research relevant to dual-systems models of adolescent development, while Nelson and colleagues (this issue) “expand and update” their proposal regarding the social reorientation model of adolescence and its underlying neural circuitry. The present...
Published on Mar 1, 2015in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience3.66
Paolo Riva1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UK: University of Kentucky),
Leonor J. Romero Lauro1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UK: University of Kentucky)
+ 2 AuthorsBrad J. Bushman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UK: University of Kentucky)
A vast body of research showed that social exclusion can trigger aggression. However, the neural mechanisms involved in regulating aggressive responses to social exclusion are still largely unknown. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates the excitability of a target region. Building on studies suggesting that activity in the right ventrolateral pre-frontal cortex (rVLPFC) might aid the regulation or inhibition of social exclusion-related distress, we hypothesized that non-invas...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience3.66
Jean-Yves Rotge16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Cédric Lemogne22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Paris V: Paris Descartes University)
+ 5 AuthorsPhilippe Fossati38
Estimated H-index: 38
Many functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have explored the neural correlates of social pain that results from social threat, exclusion, rejection, loss or negative evaluation. Although activations have consistently been reported within the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), it remains unclear which ACC subdivision is particularly involved. To provide a quantitative estimation of the specific involvement of ACC subdivisions in social pain, we conducted a voxel-based meta-analysis. The lit...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Science41.04
Alexander A. Aarts1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Joanna E. Anderson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(DRDC: Defence Research and Development Canada)
+ 267 AuthorsMichael Barnett-Cowan16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UW: University of Waterloo)
Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available. Replication effects were half the magnitude of original effects, representing a substantial decline. Ninety-seven percent of original studies had statistically significant results. Thirty-six percent of ...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Neuron14.40
John D. E. Gabrieli117
Estimated H-index: 117
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Satrajit S. Ghosh30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Harvard University),
Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli47
Estimated H-index: 47
(McGovern Institute for Brain Research)
Neuroimaging has greatly enhanced the cognitive neuroscience understanding of the human brain and its variation across individuals (neurodiversity) in both health and disease. Such progress has not yet, however, propelled changes in educational or medical practices that improve people's lives. We review neuroimaging findings in which initial brain measures (neuromarkers) are correlated with or predict future education, learning, and performance in children and adults; criminality; health-related...
Cited By6
Newest
Imke Lemmers-Jansen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(VU: VU University Amsterdam),
Anne-Kathrin Fett14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 2 AuthorsLydia Krabbendam53
Estimated H-index: 53
('KCL': King's College London)
Objective:Elevated prevalence of non-affective psychotic disorders is often found in densely populated areas. This functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigates if reduced trust, a compo...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in World Psychiatry34.02
Joseph Firth24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
John Torous22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Harvard University)
+ 8 AuthorsDavy Vancampfort47
Estimated H-index: 47
The impact of the Internet across multiple aspects of modern society is clear. However, the influence that it may have on our brain structure and functioning remains a central topic of investigation. Here we draw on recent psychological, psychiatric and neuroimaging findings to examine several key hypotheses on how the Internet may be changing our cognition. Specifically, we explore how unique features of the online world may be influencing: a) attentional capacities, as the constantly evolving ...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications11.88
Leehyun Yoon (KU: Korea University), Leah H. Somerville32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Harvard University),
Hackjin Kim17
Estimated H-index: 17
(KU: Korea University)
How do people protect themselves in response to negative social feedback from others? How does such a self-protective system develop and affect social decisions? Here, using a novel reciprocal artwork evaluation task, we demonstrate that youths show self-protective bias based on current negative social evaluation, whereas into early adulthood, individuals show self-protective bias based on accumulated evidence of negative social evaluation. While the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) mediat...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Human Brain Mapping4.55
Michelle Achterberg5
Estimated H-index: 5
(LEI: Leiden University),
Anna C. K. van Duijvenvoorde18
Estimated H-index: 18
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 2 AuthorsEveline A. Crone50
Estimated H-index: 50
(LEI: Leiden University)
Middle childhood marks an important phase for developing and maintaining social relations. At the same time, this phase is marked by a gap in our knowledge of the genetic and environmental influences on brain responses to social feedback and their relation to behavioral aggression. In a large developmental twin sample (509 7- to 9-year-olds), the heritability and neural underpinnings of behavioral aggression following social evaluation were investigated, using the Social Network Aggression Task ...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Biological Psychology2.63
Autumn Kujawa19
Estimated H-index: 19
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Ellen M. Kessel9
Estimated H-index: 9
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
+ 2 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract Peer relationships play a major role in adolescent development, but few methods exist for measuring social processing at the neurophysiological level. This study extends our pilot study of Island Getaway, a task for eliciting event-related potentials (ERPs) to peer feedback. We differentiated ERPs using principal components analysis (PCA) and examined associations with behavioral and self-report measures in young adolescents ( N = 412). PCA revealed an early negativity in the ERP enhanc...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Neuropsychologia2.87
Ilse C. van Wijk1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LEI: Leiden University),
Bianca G. van den Bulk6
Estimated H-index: 6
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 3 AuthorsRenske Huffmeijer10
Estimated H-index: 10
(LEI: Leiden University)
Abstract Early in their lives young children are confronted with social judgments by peers. Previous studies have shown that in adults negative social judgments are associated with more aggressive behavior. However, little is known about the relation between social judgments and aggressive behavior, or the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms, in early childhood. We developed the Social Network Aggression Task - Early Childhood (SNAT-EC) to examine the mediating role of frontal EEG asymmetry in ...
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