Optimal allocation of Red List assessments to guide conservation of biodiversity in a rapidly changing world

Published on Sep 1, 2017in Global Change Biology8.88
· DOI :10.1111/gcb.13651
Virgilio Hermoso López24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Griffith University),
Stephanie R. Januchowski-Hartley16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Paul Sabatier University)
+ 3 AuthorsP. McIntyre58
Estimated H-index: 58
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
The IUCN Red List is the most extensive source of conservation status assessments for species worldwide, but important gaps in coverage remain. Here, we demonstrate the use of a spatial prioritization approach to efficiently prioritize species assessments to achieve increased and up-to-date coverage efficiently. We focus on freshwater fishes, which constitute a significant portion of vertebrate diversity, although comprehensive assessments are available for only 46% of species. We used marxan to identify ecoregions for future assessments that maximize the coverage of species while accounting for anthropogenic stress. We identified a set of priority regions that would help assess one-third (ca 4000 species) of all freshwater fishes in need of assessment by 2020. Such assessments could be achieved without increasing current investment levels. Our approach is suitable for any taxon and can help ensure that species threat assessments are sufficiently complete to guide global conservation efforts in a rapidly changing world.
  • References (23)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Citations
4 Authors (Boon Hee Kueh, ..., Danny Tw Chew)
3 Citations
85 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Marcelo F. TognelliH-Index: 18
#2Carlos A. LassoH-Index: 7
Last. Neil A. CoxH-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
3 CitationsSource
#1Diego Juffe-Bignoli (United Nations Environment Programme)H-Index: 11
#2Thomas M. Brooks (UPLB: University of the Philippines Los Baños)H-Index: 57
Last. Naomi Kingston (United Nations Environment Programme)H-Index: 13
view all 43 authors...
Knowledge products comprise assessments of authoritative information supported by standards, governance, quality control, data, tools, and capacity building mechanisms. Considerable resources are dedicated to developing and maintaining knowledge products for biodiversity conservation, and they are widely used to inform policy and advise decision makers and practitioners. However, the financial cost of delivering this information is largely undocumented. We evaluated the costs and funding sources...
39 CitationsSource
#1Ben Collen (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 41
#2Nicholas K. Dulvy (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 57
Last. H. R. Akcakaya (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 6
view all 15 authors...
The identification of species at risk of extinction is a central goal of conservation. As the use of data compiled for IUCN Red List assessments expands, a number of misconceptions regarding the purpose, application and use of the IUCN Red List categories and criteria have arisen. We outline five such classes of misconception; the most consequential drive proposals for adapted versions of the criteria, rendering assessments among species incomparable. A key challenge for the future will be to re...
41 CitationsSource
#1Virgilio Hermoso López (Griffith University)H-Index: 24
#2Francis Pantus (Griffith University)H-Index: 6
Last. Patrick Lea (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 4
view all 6 authors...
Freshwater ecosystems are among the most diverse environments on Earth but also one of the most degraded and threatened due mainly to the intense human modification and exploitation. Despite the increase in funds devoted to rehabilitation of these systems little success has been reported so far. When planning for rehabilitation of catchments, stakeholders have to decide what combination of actions to implement and at which locations from a vast number of possible options. Often these activities ...
11 CitationsSource
#1Neil Brummitt (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 22
#2Steven P. Bachman (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 13
Last. Eimear Nic Lughadha (Royal Botanic Gardens)H-Index: 23
view all 55 authors...
Plants provide fundamental support systems for life on Earth and are the basis for all terrestrial ecosystems; a decline in plant diversity will be detrimental to all other groups of organisms including humans. Decline in plant diversity has been hard to quantify, due to the huge numbers of known and yet to be discovered species and the lack of an adequate baseline assessment of extinction risk against which to track changes. The biodiversity of many remote parts of the world remains poorly know...
84 CitationsSource
#1Lucie M. Bland (Imperial College London)H-Index: 12
#2C. David L. Orme (Imperial College London)H-Index: 33
Last. Michael A. McCarthy (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 60
view all 6 authors...
1. Cost-effective reduction of uncertainty in global biodiversity indicators is a central goal of conservation. Comprising a sixth of the 74,000+ species currently on the IUCN Red List, Data Deficient species contribute to considerable uncertainty in estimates of extinction risk. Estimating levels of risk in Data Deficient species will require large resources given the costs of surveys and Red List assessments. Predicting extinction risk from species traits and geographical information could pro...
21 CitationsSource
#1Lucie M. Bland (Imperial College London)H-Index: 12
#2Ben Collen (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 41
Last. Jon Bielby (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
There is little appreciation of the level of extinction risk faced by one-sixth of the over 65,000 species assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Determining the status of these data-deficient (DD) species is essential to developing an accurate picture of global biodiversity and identifying potentially threatened DD species. To address this knowledge gap, we used predictive models incorporating species' life history, geography, and threat information to predict the conse...
108 CitationsSource
#1Andrew J. Plumptre (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 35
#2Richard A. Fuller (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 50
Last. Hugh P. Possingham (Imperial College London)H-Index: 105
view all 9 authors...
Summary 1. In many countries, areas delineated for conservation purposes can only achieve their objectives if effective law enforcement occurs within them. However, there is no method currently available to allocate law enforcement effort in a way that protects species and habitats in a cost-effective manner. Law enforcement is expensive and effort is usually concentrated near the locations of patrol stations where rangers are based. This hampers effective conservation, particularly in large pro...
36 CitationsSource
#1Carlo RondininiH-Index: 41
#2Moreno Di MarcoH-Index: 21
Last. Luigi BoitaniH-Index: 57
view all 5 authors...
It is estimated that the global yearly expenditure on biodiversity conservation action exceeds one billion U.S. dollars. One of the key tools for prioritizing conservation actions is the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, the most authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the global extinction risk of species (covering ca. 60,000 as of today). While IUCN's vision is to increase the taxonomic coverage of the Red List, no adequate plan exists to keep it ...
38 CitationsSource
#1Ayesha I. T. Tulloch (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 22
#2Iadine Chadès (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 21
Last. Hugh P. Possingham (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 105
view all 3 authors...
To choose among conservation actions that may benefit many species, managers need to monitor the consequences of those actions. Decisions about which species to monitor from a suite of different species being managed are hindered by natural variability in populations and uncertainty in several factors: the ability of the monitoring to detect a change, the likelihood of the management action being successful for a species, and how representative species are of one another. However, the literature...
22 CitationsSource
Cited By1
#1Ryan A. McManamay (ORNL: Oak Ridge National Laboratory)H-Index: 14
#2Joshuah S. Perkin (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 1
Last. Henriette I. Jager (ORNL: Oak Ridge National Laboratory)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource