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Owls, larks, swifts, woodcocks and they are not alone: A historical review of methodology for multidimensional self-assessment of individual differences in sleep-wake pattern

Published on Mar 16, 2017in Chronobiology International2.562
· DOI :10.1080/07420528.2017.1278704
Arcady A. Putilov16
Estimated H-index: 16
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Abstract
ABSTRACTDifferences between the so-called larks and owls representing the opposite poles of morningness-eveningness dimension are widely known. However, scientific consensus has not yet been reached on the methodology for ranking and typing people along other dimensions of individual variation in their sleep-wake pattern. This review focused on the history and state-of-the-art of the methodology for self-assessment of individual differences in more than one trait or adaptability of the human sleep-wake cycle. The differences between this and other methodologies for the self-assessment of trait- and state-like variation in the perceived characteristics of daily rhythms were discussed and the critical issues that remained to be addressed in future studies were highlighted. These issues include a) a failure to develop a unidimensional scale for scoring chronotypological differences, b) the inconclusive results of the long-lasting search for objective markers of chronotype, c) a disagreement on both number an...
  • References (79)
  • Citations (6)
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References79
Newest
#1V. B. Dorokhov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 3
#2A. N. Puchkova (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Arcady A. PutilovH-Index: 16
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AbstractPolymorphisms in genes of circadian system family seem to be of most importance for understanding of mechanisms underlying self-assessed individual variation in morning–evening preference. A review of earlier reported positive findings indicated that, at least, four polymorphisms in period circadian clock 3 (PER3) showed significant association with, at least, one of sub-constructs of a morningness–eveningness scale. However, similar to other candidate gene studies, these studies suffer ...
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One of the critical barriers to reducing the threats of sleep loss to public health, safety, and productivity is a lack of practical tools for quick identification of objective level of sleepiness. We examined a novel sleepiness measure named “spectral drowsy component score” to provide evidence for generalizability of a frequency weighting curve required for calculation of this measure. Each spectral drowsy component score is a sum of 16 weighted ln-transformed single-Hz power densities (1-16 H...
7 CitationsSource
#1Arcady A. Putilov (Systems Research Institute)H-Index: 16
#2Olga G. Donskaya (Systems Research Institute)H-Index: 10
Last. Roman O. Budkevich (North-Caucasus Federal University)H-Index: 2
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AbstractThe 72-item Sleep-Wake Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SWPAQ) provides possibility to self-assess individual variation along as many as 6 factorial dimensions. We examined reliability and external validity of each of its 12-item scales, E, M, W, V, F, and S (evening and morning lateness, anytime and daytime wakeability, anytime and night-time sleepability, respectively). Questionnaire data were collected from residents of Novosibirsk and two smaller Russian cities (N = 755 and 720, res...
8 CitationsSource
#1Arcady A. PutilovH-Index: 16
Quick self-assessment of night sleep quality with reliable and valid instruments is often required in various fundamental and applied studies in the field of sleep medicine and chronomedicine. Individual differences in sleep quality are usually assessed with a special scale, whereas such a scale is absent in most of questionnaires for evaluation of individual differences in the domain of chronobiology. One of two exceptions is the 6-scale Sleep-Wake Pattern Assessment Questionnaire. It contains ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Sarah-Jane Paine (Massey University)H-Index: 11
#2Philippa H. Gander (Massey University)H-Index: 32
ABSTRACTFactors contributing to sleep timing and sleep restriction in daily life include chronotype and less flexibility in times available for sleep on scheduled days versus free days. There is some evidence that these two factors interact, with morning types and evening types reporting similar sleep need, but evening types being more likely to accumulate a sleep debt during the week and to have greater sleep extension on weekend nights. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the independ...
12 CitationsSource
ABSTRACTAge-associated changes in different bandwidths of the human electroencephalographic (EEG) spectrum are well documented, but their functional significance is poorly understood. This spectrum seems to represent summation of simultaneous influences of several sleep–wake regulatory processes. Scoring of its orthogonal (uncorrelated) principal components can help in separation of the brain signatures of these processes. In particular, the opposite age-associated changes were documented for sc...
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#1Christoph Randler (UEW: University of Education, Winneba)H-Index: 38
#2Juan Francisco Díaz-Morales (Complutense University of Madrid)H-Index: 24
Last. Christian Vollmer (UEW: University of Education, Winneba)H-Index: 19
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ABSTRACTMeasuring morningness–eveningness is an important aspect of individual differences because it is associated with many aspects of personality and health. The present study outlines recent advancements in the field of measurement and proposes an improved assessment of morningness–eveningness, such as the measurement of circadian amplitude, updating and reflecting new item developments, addressing the clock time based measures, the morning-biased items and the aspect of uni versus multidime...
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#1Katrin Becker (Leipzig University)H-Index: 1
#2Holger Steinberg (Leipzig University)H-Index: 9
Last. Michael Kluge (Leipzig University)H-Index: 26
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Summary Emil Kraepelin is considered one of the most influential psychiatrists ever. His research on sleep, however, has received little attention to date. Therefore, Kraepelin's published work was reviewed, statements on the topic "sleep" identified, historically contextualized and compared with current knowledge. His assumptions on the "physiology of sleep" are rather speculative and not substantiated by own research. The opposite is true for his findings on the "phenomenology of sleep". For e...
5 CitationsSource
Abstract Background The study aimed to elucidate previously observed associations between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptomatology in university students. Relations between components of depressive symptomatology and morningness-eveningness were analysed. Methods Nine hundred and seventy-four university students completed Polish versions of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies – Depression scale (CES-D; Polish translation appended to this paper) and the Composite Scale of Morningn...
27 CitationsSource
#1Janek Spada (Leipzig University)H-Index: 9
#2Markus Scholz (Leipzig University)H-Index: 37
Last. Christian A. Sander (Leipzig University)H-Index: 160
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Summary The genetic basis of sleep is still poorly understood. Despite the moderate to high heritability of sleep-related phenotypes, known genetic variants explain only a small proportion of the phenotypical variance. However, most previous studies were based solely upon self-report measures. The present study aimed to conduct the first genome-wide association (GWA) of actigraphic sleep phenotypes. The analyses included 956 middle- to older-aged subjects (40–79 years) from the LIFE Adult Study....
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#1Catarina Bettencourt (UC: University of Coimbra)
#2Beatriz Tomé (UC: University of Coimbra)
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The present study primarily aimed to investigate the interactive effect of chronotype and time of day on adolescent’s emotional states. Chronotype influences behaviour throughout the day, with vari...
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#1Ramona Schoedel (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 2
#2Florian Pargent (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 2
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#1Franzis Preckel (University of Trier)H-Index: 24
#2Antoine Fischbach (University of Luxembourg)H-Index: 6
Last. Richard D. RobertsH-Index: 43
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Abstract This paper investigates a quadrant-based typology of circadian preference including morning (M) types (high morningness, low eveningness), evening (E) types (low morningness, high eveningness), low M-E types (low morningness and low eveningness), and high M-E types (high morningness and eveningness). In Study 1, a latent class analysis of circadian preference was conducted using a representative sample of 1022 9th grade students (50.00% females; mean age: 14.98 years) and relations to a...
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#1Céline Vetter (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 19
: The circadian system regulates physiology and behavior. Acute challenges to the system, such as those experienced when traveling across time zones, will eventually result in re-synchronization to local environmental time cues, but this re-synchronization is oftentimes accompanied by adverse short-term consequences. When such challenges are experienced chronically, adaptation may not be achieved, as for example in the case of rotating night shift workers. The transient and chronic disturbance o...
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#1Arcady A. Putilov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 16
#2Nele Marcoen (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)H-Index: 3
Last. Olivier MairesseH-Index: 15
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Abstract Evidence is accumulating for the possibility to distinguish more than two distinct chronotypes, i.e., people would be neither morning nor intermediate nor evening types. We tried to establish four-type division into distinct chronotypes without implying any chronotypological questionnaire. A community-based online survey (n = 1305) included a visuo-verbal judgment task for evaluating how sleepy a survey participant thinks he/she would be at different randomly presented times. We predict...
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#1Antonio Paoli (University of Murcia)H-Index: 25
#2Grant M. Tinsley (TTU: Texas Tech University)H-Index: 10
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The influence of meal frequency and timing on health and disease has been a topic of interest for many years. While epidemiological evidence indicates an association between higher meal frequencies and lower disease risk, experimental trials have shown conflicting results. Furthermore, recent prospective research has demonstrated a significant increase in disease risk with a high meal frequency (≥6 meals/day) as compared to a low meal frequency (1–2 meals/day). Apart from meal frequency and timi...
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ABSTRACTChronotype, defined as the temporal phenotype of an organism, has been addressed in Chronobiology International in some 200 publications between 1997 and 2018. Readers may thus be interested in what roles chronotype may play in studies concerning chronobiology and health. In line with Karl Popper, our objective is to synthesize terms and concepts for falsifiable experimental, field, and ultimately epidemiological research. To this end, we offer 17 building blocks where each should follow...
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#1Keresa Kanagarajan (McGill University)H-Index: 1
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