Building a Values-Informed Mental Model for New Orleans Climate Risk Management

Published on Oct 1, 2017in Risk Analysis2.56
· DOI :10.1111/risa.12743
Douglas L. Bessette5
Estimated H-index: 5
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Lauren A. Mayer5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AN: RAND Corporation)
+ 4 AuthorsNancy Tuana18
Estimated H-index: 18
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
Individuals use values to frame their beliefs and simplify their understanding when confronted with complex and uncertain situations. The high complexity and deep uncertainty involved in climate risk management (CRM) lead to individuals’ values likely being coupled to and contributing to their understanding of specific climate risk factors and management strategies. Most mental model approaches, however, which are commonly used to inform our understanding of people's beliefs, ignore values. In response, we developed a “Values†informed Mental Model†research approach, or ViMM, to elicit individuals’ values alongside their beliefs and determine which values people use to understand and assess specific climate risk factors and CRM strategies. Our results show that participants consistently used one of three values to frame their understanding of risk factors and CRM strategies in New Orleans: (1) fostering a healthy economy, wealth, and job creation, (2) protecting and promoting healthy ecosystems and biodiversity, and (3) preserving New Orleans’ unique culture, traditions, and historically significant neighborhoods. While the first value frame is common in analyses of CRM strategies, the latter two are often ignored, despite their mirroring commonly accepted pillars of sustainability. Other values like distributive justice and fairness were prioritized differently depending on the risk factor or strategy being discussed. These results suggest that the ViMM method could be a critical first step in CRM decision†support processes and may encourage adoption of CRM strategies more in line with stakeholders’ values.
  • References (51)
  • Citations (8)
#1James E. NeumannH-Index: 16
#2Kerry A. Emanuel (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 78
Last.Jeremy Martinich (EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency)H-Index: 14
view all 7 authors...
#1A. Miller (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 1
#2S.N. Jonkman (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 20
Last.Mathijs van Ledden (Royal HaskoningDHV)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
#1Howard Kunreuther (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 63
#2Geoffrey Heal (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 46
Last.Gary W. Yohe (Wesleyan University)H-Index: 41
view all 6 authors...
Cited By8
#1Enayat Allah Moallemi (Deakin University)H-Index: 8
#2Fateme Zare (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 1
Last.Brett A. Bryan (Deakin University)H-Index: 35
view all 0 authors...
#1Robert L. CeresH-Index: 1
#2Chris E. Forest (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 26
Last.Klaus Keller (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 31
view all 0 authors...
#1Meg Parsons (University of Auckland)H-Index: 6
#2Johanna Nalau (Griffith University)H-Index: 6
Last.Cilla Brown (University of Auckland)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
#1Robert J. Lempert (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 34
#1Martin Vezér (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 2
#2Alexander M. R. Bakker (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 7
Last.Nancy Tuana (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
#1Tony E. Wong (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 8
#2Alexander M. R. Bakker (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 7
Last.Klaus Keller (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 31
view all 3 authors...
View next paperThe role of knowledge, learning and mental models in public perceptions of climate change related risks