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Promoting speaking proficiency and willingness to communicate in Turkish young learners of English through asynchronous computer-mediated practice

Published on Apr 1, 2017in System
· DOI :10.1016/j.system.2016.12.016
Louisa Buckingham5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Auckland),
Rosie Stott Alpaslan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Bilkent University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract This study investigated whether the provision of out-of-class speaking practice to young learners of English could contribute to improving speaking proficiency grades, and have a positive impact on children's willingness to communicate. Two intact classes of Grade 3 Turkish learners participated. Recorded communicative exercises provided asynchronous speaking practice homework with the classroom teacher as the children's interlocutor, while the control group received traditional paper-based exercises. The content of materials used in both groups was based on the class syllabus. A comparison of the speaking test scores of the control and experimental groups revealed that, over a four-month period, the use of the interactive recordings contributed to a significant improvement in the children's assessed oral performance. The implementation was particularly successful in raising the speaking test scores of children who had initially received lower scores. A subsequent ANOVA analysis revealed that the experimental group demonstrated an improvement in their ability to respond confidently with minimal pauses and hesitations, although the length of responses did not change significantly. The integration of such computer-mediated activities for homework speaking practice is potentially particularly useful in contexts where parents lack sufficient English skills to support children with their English-language homework tasks.
  • References (41)
  • Citations (9)
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References41
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#1Cigdem KagitcibasiH-Index: 25
Preface. Foreword. Introduction. Part 1. Human Development, Self, and Family in Cultural Context. Development in Context. Socialization for Competence. Culture, Self, and Individualism-Collectivism. Value of Children and the Family. Parenting and the Development of the Autonomous-Related Self. Part 2. Implications for Social Issues and Applications. Induced Change: The Role of Psychology. Intervention: Early Enrichment. The Turkish Early Enrichment Project (TEEP). Immigration and Acculturation. ...
291 Citations
#1Hsiu-Chen Hsu (CYCU: Chung Yuan Christian University)H-Index: 1
This paper reports on an exploratory study that investigated the effect of extensive speaking practice on the development of L2 speaking complexity, accuracy, and fluency in voice blogging. The participants were 30 college EFL (English as a foreign language) learners in Taiwan. As a supplement to the insufficient speaking practice in class, each week over a semester, the participants were required to speak on a topic, record their speaking, and post it onto a class blog outside of class. In addi...
4 CitationsSource
#1Chun Lai (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 18
#2Weimin ZhuH-Index: 1
Last. Gang GongH-Index: 1
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Out-of-class learning constitutes an important context for human development, and active engagement in out-of-class activities is associated with successful language development. However, not all out-of-class experiences are equally beneficial to learning, and it is of paramount importance to understand what quality out-of-class English language learning entails. This study surveyed 82 middle school EFL students on their out-of-class English language learning in order to identify the characteris...
29 CitationsSource
#1Yiqian Katherine Cao (Monash University)H-Index: 1
This article reports on a multiple case study that investigated the dynamic and situated nature of learners' willingness to communicate (WTC) in second language (L2) classrooms. Framed within a sociocognitive perspective on L2 learning which draws together social, environmental, and individual factors, this study traced WTC among six learners of English as a second language enrolled in an English for academic purposes programme in New Zealand for 5 months. Data were collected through classroom o...
35 CitationsSource
27 Citations
#1Servet Çe (Karadeniz Technical University)H-Index: 7
#2Hülya Kasapoğlu (Karadeniz Technical University)H-Index: 1
Recent modifications to the Turkish educational system have mandated that instruction in English begin in the 2nd grade, rather than the 4th grade, as was previously required. Consequently, substantial modification of the elementary (2nd through 8th grade) English language teaching program has been carried out in order to accommodate this change. Successful implementation of the new program may be significantly affected by the efforts of elementary school administrators to incorporate the restru...
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#1Sarah PouezevaraH-Index: 1
#2A DincerH-Index: 1
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This exploratory study seeks for understanding the relationship between Turkish elementary school English teachers’ espoused beliefs about the effective ways of teaching English and their self-reported practices. 6 teachers, who were working at different state schools in a town located in the Northwestern part of Turkey, were interviewed. Interpretation of the data revealed inconsistency between teachers’ beliefs and practices. Although there was a strong consensus that English should be taught ...
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Educational blogs have drawn growing interest of researchers and language teachers due to the user-friendly interfaces as well as the powerful archiving features. The purpose of the current study is two-fold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of extensive speaking practice on speaking performance in voice blogs, and (2) to examine learners’ perceived gains in extensive speaking practice via voice blogs. The participants of the study were 46 college students learning English as a foreign language ...
19 CitationsSource
#1Yiqian Cao (Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University)H-Index: 1
Abstract Previous research into willingness to communicate (WTC) in L2 has focused primarily on its trait dispositions that remain stable across contexts and its situated nature is under explored. Framed with an ecological perspective on second language learning, this multiple case study investigated the dynamic and situated nature of WTC in second language classrooms. Based on data collected through classroom observations, stimulated-recall interviews, and reflective journals, it was found that...
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#1Ju Seong Lee (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 5
#2Kilryoung Lee (HUFS: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)H-Index: 3
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This study examined Korean (n = 143) and Taiwanese (n = 261) EFL students’ willingness to communicate in a second language (L2 WTC) in in-class, out-of-class, and digital settings. Follow-up interv...
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#1Yeu Ting Liu (NTNU: National Taiwan Normal University)H-Index: 4
#2Wen Ta Tseng (NTUST: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology)
Abstract Research has established that computerized visualization cues as operationalized via waveform and spectrogram can assist L2 intonation production. However, whether such effects would vary as a function of learners' attentional state remains largely unexplored. Similarly, whether waveform and spectrogram should be displayed in discrete sentences or in contextualized discourse also remains unclear. This study examined the moderating effects of different attentional states (explicit vs. im...
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#1Ju Seong Lee (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 5
AbstractThis study examined factors that might have affected EFL learners’ willingness to communicate (WTC) in the extramural digital (ED) environment, a rapidly emerging L2 communication context. ...
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#1Marzieh Rafiee (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 2
#2salman abbasian naghneh (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 7
Since its introduction to the field of modern language instruction, willingness to communicate (WTC) attracted much attention from researchers and practitioners. Since then, a large and growing body of literature has investigated the factors influencing language learners’ WTC. Among the factors identified, individual factors were found to have great influence on WTC. The current study aimed to identify the individual factors by reviewing the related literature and prioritize them by using analyt...
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#1Jian-E Peng (STU: Shantou University)H-Index: 6
Abstract Multimodality has become a prominent concept in communication and language education research, and pedagogic discourse in second language (L2) classrooms is fundamentally multimodal. While research on willingness to communicate (WTC) has been thriving, little is known about how L2 WTC is related to multimodal classroom pedagogies. This article presents findings from the first large-scale survey study of its kind on EFL students' perceptions of multimodal pedagogies, and the interrelatio...
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#1Jian-E Peng (STU: Shantou University)H-Index: 6
Abstract This study draws on linguistic and applied linguistic approaches to analyze how second language learners’ willingness to communicate (WTC) is responsive to classroom multimodal affordances. The data reported in this paper includes three rounds of semi-structured interviews, each conducted after a classroom observation, with eight students from two intact English classes in a university in China, and Microsoft PowerPoint (PPT) slides supplied by their teachers. The findings showed that W...
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AbstractThis study introduces a new scale of willingness to communicate in a second language (L2 WTC) in digital and non-digital EFL contexts. The psychometric testing of the revised L2 WTC (L2 WTC...
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#1Ju Seong Lee (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 5
#2Kilryoung Lee (HUFS: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)H-Index: 3
This quantitative study examines whether and to what extent affective factors (i.e. motivation, self-confidence, risk-taking, L2 speaking anxiety, and grit) and virtual intercultural experiences ar...
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#1Jiayi Zhang (Durham University)H-Index: 1
#2Nadin Beckmann (Durham University)H-Index: 10
Last. Jens F. Beckmann (Durham University)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Willingness to communicate (WTC) used to be seen as a stable, trait-like communicative tendency; however, in the field of second language acquisition (SLA), attention has recently shifted to its more dynamic, state-like components. This article systematically reviews the literature on the situational antecedents that might contribute to variation in WTC. It aims specifically at furthering our understanding of the interaction between WTC and the learning situation. After searching major ...
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#1Wei Wei (MUST: Macau University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Ying Zheng (University of Southampton)H-Index: 8
ABSTRACTThis research provided a comprehensive evaluation and validation of the listening section of a newly introduced computerised test, Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE Academic). PTE Academic contains 11 item types assessing academic listening skills either alone or in combination with other skills. First, task analysis helped identify skills important for listening comprehension in academic settings. Aspects analysed included the purpose of assessment tasks, skills/constructs assessed,...
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