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A retrospective on Culture’s Consequences: The 35-year journey

Published on Jan 1, 2017in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
· DOI :10.1057/s41267-016-0037-9
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(NCSU: North Carolina State University),
Kevin B. Lowe20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Auckland),
Cristina B. Gibson36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
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Abstract
Abstract Our 2006 Journal of International Business Studies article, “A Quarter Century of Culture’s Consequences: A Review of the Empirical Research Incorporating Hofstede’s Cultural Values Framework,” provided a comprehensive review of 180 empirical journal articles and edited volume chapters published between 1980 and June 2002 that incorporated Hofstede’s cross-cultural values framework. We examined empirical research that positioned culture as either a main or moderating effect. The review attempted to make sense of the almost quarter century of research examining the impact of culture at the individual, group/organization, and country levels. In the present commentary, we provide: (a) a summary of the progress that has been made in the intervening decade, and most importantly, (b) a new set of recommendations for the next decade to guide those wishing to study the role of national culture in organizations.
  • References (102)
  • Citations (33)
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References102
Newest
Published on Apr 3, 2017in Asia-pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics0.98
Chan Lyu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(MUST: Macau University of Science and Technology),
Desmond Yuen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UM: University of Macau),
Xu Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UM: University of Macau)
In this study we explore the effects of individualist-collectivist culture, an important dimension of national cultures, on the entrenchment incentives of large shareholders. Specifically, we investigate how individualist-collectivist culture affects the relationship between ownership concentration and earnings quality. We predict that the social connections among corporate insiders are stronger in collectivist societies, thus reducing corporate monitoring efficiency and exacerbating agency prob...
Published on Feb 1, 2017in Academy of Management Journal7.19
Aida Hajro5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Brunel University London),
Cristina B. Gibson36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Markus Pudelko17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tübingen)
We developed a model illuminating team knowledge exchange processes as a key link between organizational diversity climate and the effectiveness of multicultural teams (MCTs). Our analysis is based on 143 in-depth interviews and extensive observations of team interactions that occurred in 48 teams from 11 companies. Our findings revealed that teams that oscillated between assertive and cooperative knowledge exchange processes were more effective. We also found such dual processes were more preva...
Published on Jan 16, 2017in International Journal of Emerging Markets
Angel Arturo Pacheco Paredes1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Clark M. Wheatley4
Estimated H-index: 4
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to extend prior literature regarding the interrelationships between national culture and accounting practices. Design/methodology/approach Using Hofstede’s (1980) cultural indices, the authors employ hierarchical linear modeling to examine the impact of economic growth (emerging markets), country, and culture on real earnings management (REM) for a sample of firms from 31 countries. Findings The results reveal a negative association between REM and Hofstede’s...
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Management International Review2.69
Vas Taras15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Piers Steel26
Estimated H-index: 26
(U of C: University of Calgary),
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(NCSU: North Carolina State University)
Traditionally, cultures have been treated as though they reside exclusively within, or perfectly overlap with countries. Indeed, the terms “country” and “culture” are often used interchangeably. As evidence mounts for substantial within-country cultural variation, and often between-country similarities, the problem with equating country and culture becomes more apparent. To help resolve the country-culture conundrum, we evaluate the extent to which political boundaries are suitable for clusterin...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Current opinion in psychology
Bradley L. Kirkman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(NCSU: North Carolina State University),
Debra L. Shapiro40
Estimated H-index: 40
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 1 AuthorsDaniel P. McGurrin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NCSU: North Carolina State University)
We first review research on culture effects in teams, illustrating that mean levels of team cultural values have main (i.e. direct) effects, indirect effects (i.e. mediated by intervening variables), and moderating influences on team processes and outcomes. Variance in team cultural values or on country of origin (i.e. nationality diversity) also has main effects on team functioning, and we highlight contextual variables that strengthen or weaken these main effects. We next review research exami...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Economic Studies journal
Antoaneta Daneshka1
Estimated H-index: 1
National culture is still an important factor in managing a wide spectrum of areas and forms of international business. The understanding of the concept of culture, respectively the values and practices of foreign business partners, is instrumental in achieving effective intercultural communication and international business. The notion of culture as a set of schemes and codes (culture-as-a-code) gives ground to the context dependent concept of culture (culture-in-context). Although the context ...
Published on Jan 1, 2016
Cristina B. Gibson36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Patrick D. Dunlop10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
+ 1 AuthorsSonia Raghav (UWA: University of Western Australia)
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Dan V. Caprar8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Timothy M. Devinney39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of Leeds)
+ 1 AuthorsPaula Caligiuri33
Estimated H-index: 33
(NU: Northeastern University)
Understanding the influence of culture on business operations has been one of the most enduring components of international business (IB) and international management (IM) theorizing and empirical investigation. While several critiques and debates questioned the significant progress made in this domain, the special issue we introduce here is meant to demonstrate that further advancement on how we conceptualize and measure culture is not only needed, but also possible. We provide an overview of p...
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Kwok Leung61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong),
Michael W. Morris49
Estimated H-index: 49
(Columbia University)
International business (IB) research has predominantly relied on value constructs to account for the influence of societal culture, notably Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. While parsimonious, the value approach’s assumptions about the consensus of values within nations, and the generality and stability of cultural patterns of behavior are increasingly challenged. We review two promising alternatives – the constructivist approach centering on schemas and the intersubjectivist approach centering o...
Published on Jan 3, 2015in Annual Review of Psychology19.75
Sonia K. Kang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(U of T: University of Toronto),
Galen V. Bodenhausen52
Estimated H-index: 52
(NU: Northwestern University)
Categorization plays a fundamental role in organizing daily interactions with the social world. However, there is increasing recognition that social categorization is often complex, both because category membership can be ambiguous (e.g., multiracial or transgender identities) and because different categorical identities (e.g., race and gender) may interact to determine the meaning of category membership. These complex identities simultaneously impact social perceivers' impressions and social ta...
Cited By33
Newest
Pavlo Illiashenko (Tallinn University of Technology), Laivi Laidroo6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Tallinn University of Technology)
Abstract Previous studies have reported a positive association between the cultural dimension of individualism and bank risk-taking. We hypothesize that this association is likely to be confounded by the omitted effects of corporate governance. Given the indicative evidence that such confounders are less likely to affect listed banks, we test this association for a global sample of 467 commercial listed banks from 56 countries. Our results show that the association between individualism and bank...
Published on Jun 2, 2015in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Douglas J. Cumming44
Estimated H-index: 44
(York University),
Florencio Lopez de Silanes1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)
+ 1 AuthorsArmin Schwienbacher23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Skema Business School)
Loan tranching is central to debt markets allowing banks to manage risks and facilitating firm financing. To analyze the determinants of the extent and structure of loan tranching, we assemble a cross-country sample of nearly 100,000 syndicated loans pooling together all tranches of each loan. We find that, in addition to deal and borrower characteristics, legal and institutional differences impact the probability of tranching as well as the structure across tranches of the same loan. Strong cre...
Published on Mar 21, 2019in Baltic Journal of Management1.47
Mark F. Peterson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen),
Aycan Kara3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Indiana University Southeast)
+ 1 AuthorsPeter B. Smith41
Estimated H-index: 41
(University of Sussex)
Purpose The present study consists of managers and professionals in 26 countries including seven from Central and Eastern Europe. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether culture dimensions predict country differences in the relationship between gender and organizational commitment. The study integrated theories of social learning, role adjustment and exchange that link commitment to organizational roles to explain such differences in gender effects. Findings indicate that an alternat...
Published on Jul 1, 2019
Bernhard Swoboda23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Trier),
Nadine Batton (University of Trier)
The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical and empirical comparison of four major national cultural value models for perceived corporate reputation (CR) of multinational corporations (MNCs) across nations: Hofstede, Schwartz, the GLOBE study and Inglehart.,Two consumer surveys on an MNC and on competitors in 25 countries in the year 2015 (n=20,288 and 25,397) were used for the first time to compare the roles of the cultural value models as antecedents of CR, using multilevel structura...
Published on Sep 16, 2018in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Douglas J. Cumming44
Estimated H-index: 44
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University),
Minjie Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(U of W: University of Windsor)
Angel investors finance small high growth entrepreneurial firms in exchange for equity. Unlike private equity (PE) and venture capital (VC) funds, which invest capital from institutional investors, angels invest with their own money. We compare the impact from legal and cultural conditions on disintermediated angel finance versus intermediated PE/VC finance. We use PitchBook's comprehensive data collection of over 5,000 angel deals and 80,000 PE/VC deals from 96 countries from 1977 to 2012. The ...
Published on Oct 31, 2018in Studies in Economics and Finance
Bree L. Dority2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UNK: University of Nebraska at Kearney),
Frank Tenkorang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UNK: University of Nebraska at Kearney),
Nacasius U. Ujah1
Estimated H-index: 1
(South Dakota State University)
Purpose This paper aims to examine the impact of national culture on private credit availability. The authors particularly focus on the masculinity dimension, as previous studies have not been able to reconcile this dimension in terms of results aligning with expectations. Design/methodology/approach Least-squares regression with country-cluster standard errors is used to estimate the impact of a nation’s cultural dimensions. Culture is assessed using Hofstede’s six cultural dimensions: masculin...
Minjie Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Feng Zhan7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsDouglas J. Cumming44
Estimated H-index: 44
Published on Mar 15, 2019in Asia Pacific Business Review0.90
Ramya Tarakad Venkateswaran2
Estimated H-index: 2
(IIM-C: Indian Institute of Management Calcutta),
Abhoy K. Ojha4
Estimated H-index: 4
(IIMB: Indian Institute of Management Bangalore)
ABSTRACTHofstede’s framework has been immensely popular among practitioners and researchers because of its undeniable practicality. Despite several limitations, the framework has been widely adopted and in continued use. However, recent scholarly critiques have raised serious concerns, even calling for the rejection of the future use of the framework. A deeper analysis is necessary to understand the fundamental considerations in knowledge creation before contemplating an abandonment of a long re...
Published on May 11, 2019in Behaviour & Information Technology1.43
Pavica Sheldon10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UAH: University of Alabama in Huntsville),
Erna Herzfeldt1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Philipp A. Rauschnabel13
Estimated H-index: 13
ABSTRACTMany social media users include #-signs before particular terms on social media – which is termed hashtagging. Recent research indicates that people tend to use the pound key for uncommon w...
View next paperExamining the Impact of Culture‘s Consequences: A Three-Decade, Multi-Level, Meta-Analytic Review of Hofstede‘s Cultural Value Dimensions