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The tetrapyrrole synthesis pathway as a model of horizontal gene transfer in euglenoids

Published on Feb 1, 2017in Journal of Phycology 2.83
· DOI :10.1111/jpy.12491
Bryan Lakey1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
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Abstract
The history of euglenoids may have begun as early as ~2 bya. These early phagotrophs ate cyanobacteria, archaea, and eubacteria, and the subsequent appearance of red algae and chromalveolates provided euglenoids with additional food sources. Following the appearance of green algae, euglenoids acquired a chloroplast via a secondary endosymbiotic event with a green algal ancestor. This endosymbiosis also involved a massive transfer of nuclear-encoded genes from the symbiont nucleus to the host. Expecting these genes to have a green algal origin, this research has shown, through the use of DNA-sequences and the analysis of phylogenetic relationships, that many housekeeping genes have a red algal/chromalveolate ancestry. This suggested that many other endosymbiotic/horizontal gene transfers, which brought genes from chromalveolates to euglenoids, may have been taking place long before the acquisition of the chloroplast. The investigation of the origin of the enzymes involved in the tetrapyrrole synthesis pathway provided insights into horizontal gene transfer in euglenoids and demonstrated that the euglenoid nuclear genome is a mosaic comprised of genes from the ancestral lineage plus genes transferred endosymbiotically/horizontally from green, red, and chromalveolates lineages.
  • References (34)
  • Citations (4)
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References34
Newest
Published on May 1, 2016in Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 2.36
Chelsea M. Markunas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Euglenids are an ancient lineage that may have existed as early as 2 billion years ago. A mere 65 years ago, Melvin Calvin and Andrew A. Benson performed experiments on Euglena gracilis and elucidated the series of reactions by which carbon was fixed and reduced during photosynthesis. However, the evolutionary history of this pathway (Calvin-Benson cycle) in euglenids was more complex than Calvin and Benson could have imagined. The chloroplast present today in euglenophytes arose from a secondar...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 2.36
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Over the last few years multiple studies have been published outlining chloroplast genomes that represent many of the photosynthetic euglenid genera. However, these genomes were scattered throughout the euglenophyceaean phylogenetic tree, and focused on comparisons with Euglena gracilis. Here, we present a study exclusively on taxa within the Euglenaceae. Six new chloroplast genomes were characterized, those of Cryptoglena skujai, E. gracilis var. bacillaris, Euglena viridis, Euglenaria anabaena...
22 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2014in Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 2.36
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Since its creation in 1917 the genus Cyclidiopsis, and its validity, has been a source of debate among euglenid taxonomists. While many authors have supported its legitimacy, various other authors have considered it to be a subgenus of Astasia or even promoted its complete dissolution. In this study, we have sequenced the small subunit and large subunit ribosomal DNA of Cyclidiopsis acus, the type species for the genus. Subsequent phylogenetic analyses showed that C. acus grouped with taxa from ...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Phycologia 1.98
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Krystle E. Wiegert5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Euglena proxima is a common, globally dispersed, and easily identified photosynthetic euglenoid. Previous phylogenetic analyses using nuclear-encoded small subunit (SSU) and large subunit (LSU) rRNA genes revealed that this taxon was paraphyletic with other Euglena species and was positioned as sister to all Euglenaceae. Despite this, authors were reluctant to remove this taxon from Euglena until additional data, or taxa pairing with E. proxima, were obtained because it created a monotypic genus...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Molecular Biology and Evolution 14.80
Koichiro Tamura28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Tokyo Metropolitan University),
Glen Stecher6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ASU: Arizona State University)
+ 2 AuthorsSudhir Kumar63
Estimated H-index: 63
(ASU: Arizona State University)
We announce the release of an advanced version of the Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software, which currently contains facilities for building sequence alignments, inferring phylogenetic histories, and conducting molecular evolutionary analysis. In version 6.0, MEGA now enables the inference of timetrees, as it implements the RelTime method for estimating divergence times for all branching points in a phylogeny. A new Timetree Wizard in MEGA6 facilitates this timetree inference...
22.6k Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 2.36
Krystle E. Wiegert5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
The chloroplast genomes of two photosynthetic euglenoids, Colacium vesiculosum Ehrenberg (128,889 bp), and Strombomonas acuminata (Schmarda) Deflandre (144,167 bp) have been sequenced. These chloroplast genomes in combination with those of Euglena gracilis, Eutreptia viridis, and Eutreptiella gymnastica provide a snapshot of euglenoid chloroplast evolution allowing comparisons of gene content, arrangement, and expansion. The gene content of the five chloroplast genomes is very similar varying on...
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Phycologia 1.98
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Krystle E. Wiegert5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Bennett M.S., Wiegert K.E. and Triemer R.E. 2012. Comparative chloroplast genomics between Euglena viridis and Euglena gracilis (Euglenophyta). Phycologia 51: 711–718. DOI: 10.2216/12-017.1 The chloroplast genomes of Euglena gracilis, Eutreptia viridis, Eutreptiella gymnastica, Colacium vesiculosum, Strombomonas acuminata and the colourless Euglena (Astasia) longa, which had secondarily lost the ability to photosynthesize, were previously reported. These studies had shown that there was a great ...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Protist 3.00
Krystle E. Wiegert5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Matthew S. Bennett11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Richard E. Triemer25
Estimated H-index: 25
(MSU: Michigan State University)
The chloroplast genome of Eutreptia viridis Perty, a basal taxon in the photosynthetic euglenoid lineage, was sequenced and compared with that of Euglena gracilis Ehrenberg, a crown species. Several common gene clusters were identified and gene order, conservation, and sequence similarity was assessed through comparisons with Euglena gracilis . Significant gene rearrangements were present between Eutreptia viridis and Euglena gracilis chloroplast genomes. In addition, major expansion has occurre...
26 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 20, 2012in PLOS ONE 2.78
Štěpánka Hrdá4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Charles University in Prague),
Jan Fousek6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAS: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
+ 2 AuthorsCestmir Vlcek30
Estimated H-index: 30
(CAS: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
Euglenids are a group of protists that comprises species with diverse feeding modes. One distinct and diversified clade of euglenids is photoautotrophic, and its members bear green secondary plastids. In this paper we present the plastid genome of the euglenid Eutreptiella, which we assembled from 454 sequencing of Eutreptiella gDNA. Comparison of this genome and the only other available plastid genomes of photosynthetic euglenid, Euglena gracilis, revealed that they contain a virtually identica...
36 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2012in BMC Evolutionary Biology 3.04
Aika Yamaguchi12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Naoji Yubuki15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Brian S. Leander35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
Background Morphostasis of traits in different species is necessary for reconstructing the evolutionary history of complex characters. Studies that place these species into a molecular phylogenetic context test hypotheses about the transitional stages that link divergent character states. For instance, the transition from a phagotrophic mode of nutrition to a phototrophic lifestyle has occurred several times independently across the tree of eukaryotes; one of these events took place within the E...
40 Citations Source Cite
Cited By4
Newest
Published on Mar 11, 2019in bioRxiv
A. M. Novak Vanclova , Martin Zoltner8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 9 AuthorsJulius Lukeš50
Estimated H-index: 50
Euglena gracilis is a well-studied biotechnologically exploitable phototrophic flagellate harbouring secondary green plastids. Here we describe its plastid proteome obtained by high-resolution proteomics. We identified 1,345 candidate plastid proteins and assigned functional annotations to 774 of them. More than 120 proteins are affiliated neither to the host lineage nor the plastid ancestor and may represent horizontal acquisitions from various algal and prokaryotic groups. Reconstruction of pl...
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Published on Mar 1, 2018in Harmful Algae 5.01
Yeong Du Yoo26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Kunsan National University),
Kyeong Ah Seong19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Kunsan National University)
+ 6 AuthorsBrian Palenik42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Abstract The phototrophic euglenophyte Eutreptiella eupharyngea often causes blooms in the coastal waters of many countries, but its mode of nutrition has not been assessed. This species has previously been considered as exclusively auxotrophic. To explore whether E. eupharyngea is a mixotrophic species, the protoplasm of E. eupharyngea cells were examined using light, epifluorescence, and transmission electron microscopy after eubacteria, the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp., and diverse algal ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 14, 2017in Advances in Botanical Research 2.29
Anna M. G. Novák Vanclová2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Charles University in Prague),
Lucia Hadariová2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Charles University in Prague)
+ 1 AuthorsVladimír Hampl21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Charles University in Prague)
Abstract Euglenophytes obtained their plastids from a primary green alga related to extant genus Pyramimonas . The relatively recent establishment of this new organelle is an intriguing evolutionary phenomenon worth studying and comparing with other secondary plastids with a regard to their similarities and differences. A remarkably fast evolution driven by rapid intron gain and diversification is observed in euglenid plastid genomes which often tend to swell in size and rearrange while keeping ...
2 Citations Source Cite