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Orchestrating experimentation in non-state environmental commitments

Published on Jul 4, 2017in Environmental Politics 3.83
· DOI :10.1080/09644016.2017.1319631
Kenneth W. Abbott26
Estimated H-index: 26
(ASU: Arizona State University)
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Abstract
ABSTRACTA striking development in climate governance is the emergence of systems for non-state actors to make voluntary commitments alongside state undertakings. Because these commitments involve diverse actors carrying out diverse activities in diverse settings, they provide unprecedented opportunities for experimentation and learning. Yet voluntary commitment systems (VCS) rarely promote experimentation and provide few systematic learning mechanisms. Based on work with Duncan Snidal, an argument is made for a more strongly experimental approach. First, VCS should encourage designed, controlled policy experiments consistent with scientific standards. Second, even where formal experiments are infeasible, VCS should treat commitments as informal experiments, orchestrating them to promote innovation, comparability, analysis and systematic learning. Collaborative initiatives and other governance organizations can act as orchestrators, encouraging and supporting formal and informal experimentation through per...
  • References (40)
  • Citations (13)
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References40
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Climatic Change 4.17
Charles F. Sabel36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Columbia University),
David G. Victor35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
Abstract With the failure of integrated, top-down bargaining strategies, analysts and diplomats have now turned to bottom-up methods such as “building blocks” and “climate clubs” to coordinate national climate change policies and to avoid persistent diplomatic deadlock. We agree that decomposition of the grand problem of climate change into smaller units is a crucial first step towards effective cooperation. But we argue that given the great uncertainty of the feasibility and costs of potential ...
Published on Jul 1, 2017in Transnational Environmental Law 1.76
Graeme Auld19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Carleton University),
Jessica F. Green12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Case Western Reserve University)
There is a commonly held view that forms of private regulation and governance arise when intergovernmental cooperation fails. While we do not dispute that this is sometimes the case, this paper focuses on the longer-term effects of private authority – namely, the ways that public and private authority interact over time. We argue that a more complete understanding of regime complexity must include private authority, which we define as situations in which non-state actors make rules or set standa...
Published on Jan 2, 2017in International Interactions 1.42
Katharina Michaelowa18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Axel Michaelowa28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UZH: University of Zurich)
The Paris Agreement of December 2015 set a highly ambitious target for global climate change mitigation, but it remains unclear how it will be reached, and the individual countries’ pledges do not add up to the overall target. Can transnational climate governance initiatives be expected to fill the gap? We assess 109 such initiatives based on four design criteria: existence of mitigation targets; incentives for mitigation; definition of a baseline; and existence of a monitoring, reporting, and v...
Published on Sep 2, 2016in Environmental Politics 3.83
Peter Christoff13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Melbourne)
ABSTRACTThe 2015 UN climate negotiations in Paris resulted in an inclusive, binding treaty that succeeds the Kyoto Protocol. In contrast to the failure at Copenhagen in 2009, the Paris negotiations are therefore seen as a major diplomatic success that has regenerated faith in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as a forum for dynamic multilateralism. The Paris Agreement provides a robust framework for ratcheting up efforts to combat global warming. However, the Agreement’s ...
Sander Chan6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Clara Brandi5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Steffen Bauer2
Estimated H-index: 2
Transnational climate actions have come to constitute a distinguishable sphere of climate governance. Reflecting on the Paris outcome, this article discusses the role of non-State and subnational actors – especially on the road to the Paris climate change conference. It argues that the intergovernmental and transnational spheres of global climate governance could mutually reinforce each other by continuing mobilization efforts to engage non-State actors and by harnessing greater ambition, both f...
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Global Policy 1.20
Sander Chan6
Estimated H-index: 6
(German Development Institute),
Harro van Asselt19
Estimated H-index: 19
(SEI: Stockholm Environment Institute)
+ 10 AuthorsPhilipp Pattberg28
Estimated H-index: 28
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
As countries negotiate a new climate agreement for the United Nations climate conference in December 2015, a groundswell of climate actions is emerging as cities, regions, businesses and civil society groups act on mitigation and adaptation, independently, with each other and with national governments and international organizations. The Paris conference provides a historic opportunity to establish a framework to catalyse, support, and steer these initiatives. Without such a framework, ‘bottom-u...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Global Policy 1.20
Kenneth W. Abbott26
Estimated H-index: 26
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Steven Bernstein22
Estimated H-index: 22
(U of T: University of Toronto)
type="graphical" xml:id="gpol12199-abs-0002"> The HLPF faces enormous institutional challenges. Its mandate is vast, but its legal authority and resources are highly constrained. In these circumstances, orchestration is the best available governance strategy.
Published on Jun 17, 2014
Erin R. Graham6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Drexel University),
Alexander Thompson11
Estimated H-index: 11
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Financing for climate adaptation is governed by an unusual arrangement whereby the Global Environment Facility (GEF) channels funds through other IGOs — including the World Bank, UNEP and UNDP — which in turn develop and implement projects on the ground. The concept and techniques of Orchestration outlined by the framework authors helps us understand this complicated governance arrangement. The GEF, as Orchestrator, supports and steers various Intermediaries (the “implementing agencies”) to effe...
Published on May 4, 2014in Globalizations 1.67
Karin Bäckstrand21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lund University),
Mikael Kylsäter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Lund University)
AbstractGlobal public–private partnerships for sustainable development have been framed as new instruments that can increase the democratic credentials and effectiveness of global governance. This article revisits 10 years of scholarship and practice of the 348 Johannesburg partnerships, adopted at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and reaffirmed at the UN Rio+20 summit in 2012. The article analyzes the contending processes of legitimation and delegitimation of partnerships. First...
Cited By13
Newest
Published on Feb 19, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Laura Valente de Macedo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Pedro Roberto Jacobi13
Estimated H-index: 13
(USP: University of São Paulo)
As nations agreed on a bottom-up approach to establish the Paris Agreement in 2015, Non-state Actors (NSAs) became increasingly acknowledged as key players in the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). In a mostly urbanised world, local governments have a major part to play in designing and implementing climate policies that will help overcome carbon lock-in and enable the transition to a sustainable low-carbon future. Transnational municipal networks (TMNs) have a well-do...
Sander Chan6
Estimated H-index: 6
(German Development Institute),
Wanja Amling
Climate change adaptation is increasingly seen as a question that involves globally connected vulnerabilities and impacts which necessitate transboundary action by non-state and subnational (transnational) actors. Traditional actors such as governments and international organizations leave deficits in norm development, enforcement, capacity building, and financing. Orchestration has been suggested under the functionalist assumption that transnational actors can make up for these deficits, throug...
Published on Jul 3, 2019in Climate Policy 4.80
Vanessa Cuzziol Pinsky2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Isak Kruglianskas11
Estimated H-index: 11
(USP: University of São Paulo),
David G. Victor35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
ABSTRACTOne of the most significant impacts of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has been the establishment of a participatory process for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). We analyse the case of Brazil, the country whose land-use emissions from deforestation and forest degradation have declined the most. Through semi-structured interviews with 29 country policy experts – analysed in full text around 7 categories of activities ...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Global Environmental Change-human and Policy Dimensions 10.43
Tiffany H. Morrison17
Estimated H-index: 17
(JCU: James Cook University),
W.N. Adger60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of Exeter)
+ 9 AuthorsRachel A. Turner8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Exeter)
Abstract Failure to address unsustainable global change is often attributed to failures in conventional environmental governance. Polycentric environmental governance—the popular alternative—involves many centres of authority interacting coherently for a common governance goal. Yet, longitudinal analysis reveals many polycentric systems are struggling to cope with the growing impacts, pace, and scope of social and environmental change. Analytic shortcomings are also beginning to appear, particul...
Published on May 1, 2019in Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 7.06
Sander Chan6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Idil Boran2
Estimated H-index: 2
(York University)
+ 20 AuthorsLaurence L. Delina7
Estimated H-index: 7
(BU: Boston University)
Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement stand as milestone diplomatic achievements. However, immense discrepancies between political commitments and governmental action remain. Combined national climate commitments fall far short of the Paris Agreement's 1.5/2°C targets. Similar political ambition gaps persist across various areas of sustainable development. Many therefore argue that actions by nonstate actors, such as businesses and investors, cities and regions, and nongovernment...
Published on Apr 9, 2019
Published on Dec 1, 2018
Peter J. Buckley57
Estimated H-index: 57
(University of Leeds)
This paper seeks to derive rational policies towards multinational enterprises (MNEs) from extant international business theory. It examines the impact of national institutions and policies on both inward and outward direct foreign investment. It adopts a theory-based perspective utilising internalisation, transaction cost and institutional approaches to the operations of MNEs. It contrasts the received policy process by which MNEs react to policy initiatives with a potential “direct” policy mod...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 7.06
David J. Gordon6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)
Cities are increasingly central to the global governance of climate change, and much of their activity takes place within city‐networks operating at national, regional, and global scales. As the scope and ambition of city activities have been augmented over the past decade, so the scholarship has evolved as well. I set out in this review article to trace this evolution by focusing on four lines of inquiry organized around the conceptual foundations of governance experimentation, horizontal coord...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Global Policy 1.20
Jane Lister11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has called for private sector participation in global carbon governance and corporations now seem to be heeding the call at an unprecedented scale. Both critics and proponents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) interpret this as a necessary but uncertain development. Business response has demonstrably failed in the past. Contributing to the CSR and private environmental governance effectiveness literature, this article arg...
Published on Jul 4, 2018in Environmental Politics 3.83
Kaisa Matschoss6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UH: University of Helsinki),
Petteri Repo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UH: University of Helsinki)
ABSTRACTClimate targets call for novel policy measures to facilitate widespread adoption of low-carbon solutions and innovations. The literature on socio-technical systems argues that experimentation has a prominent role in enabling sustainability transition. Experiments represent ways of testing new ideas and methods across a wide range of policy fields. Governance experiments in particular can support accelerated diffusion of new solutions, because they integrate policy with innovations. Here,...