Personality traits and psychological motivations predicting selfie posting behaviors on social networking sites

Published on Aug 1, 2017in Telematics and Informatics
· DOI :10.1016/j.tele.2016.11.006
Ji Won Kim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SU: Syracuse University),
T. Makana Chock10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SU: Syracuse University)
This study examined the psychological predictors of selfie posting behaviors on SNSs.Narcissism predicted greater levels of posting solo selfies and editing selfies.Extraversion and agreeableness were predictors of posting group selfies.The need for popularity predicted posting both solo and group selfies.The need to belong was not associated with any of the selfie behaviors. This study examined the relationships between narcissism, the Big 5 personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience), the need for popularity, the need to belong, and various types of selfie posting behaviorsposting solo selfies, selfies with a group, and editing selfies. Results of the survey (N=260) indicated that after controlling for overall social media use and demographic factors (i.e., age, gender), narcissism significantly predicted the frequency of posting solo selfies and editing selfies. Age moderated the relationship between narcissism and the frequency of posting group selfies. Posting group selfies was predicted by extraversion and agreeableness and the need for popularity. The need for popularity also predicted the frequency of posting solo selfies, but not of selfie editing. Furthermore, findings revealed that gender moderated the relationship between the need for popularity and posting solo selfies, such that the need for popularity predicted posting solo selfies among men, but not among women. The need to belong was not associated with any of the selfie behaviors. Interpretations and implications of these findings are discussed.
  • References (47)
  • Citations (23)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
67 Citations
34 Citations
90 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Daniel Halpern (UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile)H-Index: 11
#2Sebastián Valenzuela (UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile)H-Index: 21
Last. James E. Katz (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Abstract We examine the widely popular social phenomenon of “selfies” (self-portraits uploaded and shared in social media) in terms of the observed positive relationship between this individualistic form of social media usage and narcissism. We conducted a cross-lagged analysis of a two-wave, representative panel survey to understand whether narcissists take selfies as an outlet for maintaining their positive self-views (the self-selection hypothesis), or if by taking selfies' users would increa...
46 CitationsSource
#1Jih-Hsin Tang (National Taipei University of Business)H-Index: 2
#2Ming-Chun Chen (University of Taipei)H-Index: 1
Last. Yao-An Lee (University of Taipei)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Using 894 college students in Taiwan, we found out that only 1% of the sample was classified as addicts, but 17.8% was on the alert stage.Approximate 80% of the sample used Facebook everyday, and 10% of them spent more than 8h a day.Interpersonal relationships and online social support was found positively related to Facebook addiction.Some personality traits: agreeableness, conscientiousness and neuroticism were negatively associated with Facebook addiction.Online interpersonal relationship and...
71 CitationsSource
#1Agnieszka Sorokowska (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 17
#2Anna Oleszkiewicz (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 11
Last. Piotr Sorokowski (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 10
view all 6 authors...
55 CitationsSource
#1Agata Błachnio (KUL: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin)H-Index: 17
#2Aneta Przepiorka (KUL: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin)H-Index: 17
Last. Patrycja Rudnicka (University of Silesia in Katowice)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The present paper examines whether narcissism and self-esteem are related to different patterns of Facebook use. The Facebook Motivation and Importance Scale, the Facebook Intensity Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and the Self-Esteem Scale were used. The participants in the paper-and-pencil study were 653 Polish users of Facebook. We hypothesized that narcissism and self-esteem play a significant role in Facebook use. The results showed that self-esteem and narcissism can...
33 CitationsSource
#1Flávio Souza (UFMG: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)H-Index: 3
#2Diego de Las Casas (UFMG: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)H-Index: 2
Last. Virgilio Almeida (UFMG: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)H-Index: 46
view all 7 authors...
Online interactions are increasingly involving images, especially those containing human faces, which are naturally attention grabbing and more effective at conveying feelings than text. To understand this new convention of digital culture, we study the collective behavior of sharing \textit{selfies} on Instagram and present how people appear in selfies and which patterns emerge from such interactions. Analysis of millions of photos shows that the amount of selfies has increased by 900 times fro...
37 CitationsSource
#1Lin Qiu (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 15
#2Jiahui Lu (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 2
Last. Tingshao Zhu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Selfies contain cues indicating personality traits.A coding scheme for selfies was developed.We found cues related to self-report and observer judgment of personality.Observers made consistent judgment of personality traits from selfies.Observers accurately predicted openness from selfies. Selfies refer to self-portraits taken by oneself using a digital camera or a smartphone. They become increasingly popular in social media. However, little is known about how selfies reflect their owners' perso...
76 CitationsSource
90 CitationsSource
#1Piotr Sorokowski (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 10
#2Agnieszka Sorokowska (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 17
Last. Katarzyna Pisanski (UWr: University of Wrocław)H-Index: 14
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Although many studies have investigated individual differences in online social networking, few have examined the recent and rapidly popularized social phenomenon of the “selfie” (a selfportrait photograph of oneself). In two studies with a pooled sample of 1296 men and women, we tested the prediction that individuals who score high on four narcissism sub-scales (Self-sufficiency, Vanity, Leadership, and Admiration Demand) will be more likely to post selfies to social media sites than w...
119 CitationsSource
#1Lisa M. Mai (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 1
#2Rainer Freudenthaler (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter Vorderer (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 37
view all 4 authors...
We investigated the influence of the seen-function on Facebook chatting behavior.The influence is related to user's need to belong and fear of ostracism.We explored the influence of message content and social roles on chatting behavior.Through cluster analyses we examined different types of Facebook chat users.Results indicate a strong impact of personality traits on perception of chat norms. An online survey (N=207) investigated how the seen-function influences users' answering behavior in Face...
32 CitationsSource
#1Kath Albury (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 14
When is sexting not sexting? How do producers and sharers of naked and seminaked selfies negotiate and engage with broader cultural codes and conventions of sexed and gendered selfrepresentation? This article draws on interviews conducted in 2012 with three mixed-sex groups of 16and 17-year-olds in Sydney, Australia, as part of the Young People and Sexting in Australia project (Albury, Crawford, Byron, &Mathews, 2013). It focuses not on the images that might most easily be categorized as “sexts”...
45 Citations
Cited By23
#1Mustafa SavciH-Index: 5
#2Mark D. GriffithsH-Index: 94
Last. Ferda AysanH-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
#2Hala SacreH-Index: 7
Last. Sahar Obeid (Holy Spirit University of Kaslik)H-Index: 12
view all 7 authors...
OBJECTIVES To examine the relationship between personality traits (Neuroticism, Openness, Consciousness, Agreeableness, and Extraversion) and selfie addiction among Lebanese adults. DESIGN/METHODS A cross-sectional study, carried out between August 2017 and April 2018, enrolled 1206 community-dwelling participants. RESULTS Female gender (ORa = 2.79) and higher neuroticism (adjusted odds ratio [ORa] = 1.01) were significantly associated with moderate vs low selfie-taking. Higher openness (ORa = 0...
#1Sara H. Hsieh (THU: Tunghai University)
#2Crystal T. Lee (STU: Shantou University)H-Index: 2
Abstract The prevailing adoption of mobile devices has facilitated individuals’ engagement with location tagging; thus, location-based information sharing, which allows geolocation specificity and interaction on the Internet platforms, has become a popular activity in the space of social media. This spatiotemporal information provides a great potential opportunity for marketers as photos or videos shared among friends on social networking sites can be viewed as a type of word-of-mouth that may i...
#1Kagan Kircaburun (Düzce University)H-Index: 11
#2Saleem Alhabash (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 13
Last. Mark D. Griffiths (NTU: Nottingham Trent University)H-Index: 94
view all 4 authors...
Recent studies suggest that users’ preferences of social media use differ according to their individual differences and use motives, and that these factors can lead to problematic social media use (PSMU) among a minority of users. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the influences of (i) demographics and Big Five personality dimensions on social media use motives; (ii) demographics and use motives on social media site preferences; and (iii) demographics, personality, popular ...
22 CitationsSource
#1Yuhui Wang (RUC: Renmin University of China)H-Index: 6
#2Xiaochun Xie (Northeast Normal University)H-Index: 3
Last. Li Lei (RUC: Renmin University of China)H-Index: 10
view all 6 authors...
Although recent studies have documented that narcissism is associated with selfie-posting behavior, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relation. The present study aimed to examine whether body satisfaction mediated the relation between narcissism and selfie-posting behavior, and whether this mediating process was moderated by attitude toward selfie-posting behavior. A sample of 382 Chinese young adults completed questionnaires on narcissism, body satisf...
3 CitationsSource
#1Valentina Boursier (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 4
#2Francesca Gioia (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 3
Last. Mark D. Griffiths (NTU: Nottingham Trent University)H-Index: 94
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The current use of social media platforms by active young users/creators of visual content provides an easy medium to achieve narcissistic goals of self-promotion and attention-seeking, and to socialize with self-objectification experiences. One of the most popular activities associated with social media use is selfie-sharing. Particularly, the global focus on online physical appearance approval could reinforce selfie-engagement as a specific body image-related behavior, potentially ass...
2 CitationsSource
#1Yuhui Wang (RUC: Renmin University of China)H-Index: 6
#2Xingchao Wang (Shanxi University)H-Index: 6
Last. Li Lei (RUC: Renmin University of China)H-Index: 10
view all 6 authors...
This study examined whether selfie-posting was positively associated with women’s self-esteem and whether this association was mediated by positive feedback and body satisfaction. A sample of 442 Chinese young adult women completed questionnaires on selfie-posting, positive feedback, body satisfaction, and self-esteem. Results indicated that selfie-posting was significantly and positively related to women’s self-esteem. In addition, positive feedback mediated the relation between selfie-posting ...
7 CitationsSource
#1Geng-Feng Niu (Xi'an Jiaotong University)H-Index: 8
#2Lijun Sun (Xinxiang Medical University)H-Index: 1
Last. Zong-Kui Zhou (CCNU: Central China Normal University)H-Index: 4
view all 6 authors...
Considering the prevalence of social networking sites (SNSs) and restrained eating among young adult women, the present study aimed to investigate the association between selfie-posting on an SNS (WeChat Moments, the most widely used SNS in China) and self-objectification among Chinese young adult women as well as the mediating effects of commentary on appearance and self-objectification from the perspective of self-perception theory and objectification theory. A sample of 886 female undergradua...
2 CitationsSource
#1Rachel Grieve (UTAS: University of Tasmania)H-Index: 14
#2Evita March (FedUni: Federation University Australia)H-Index: 6
Last. Jarrah Watkinson (UTAS: University of Tasmania)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract This study was the first to delineate the role of grandiose narcissism and vulnerable narcissism, in addition to self-esteem and self-monitoring, in predicting authentic self-presentation on Facebook. Facebook users (N = 155) answered questions about their personality as well as the persona they present on Facebook, and Euclidean distances quantified the congruence between the two personas. Self-monitoring (ability to modify self-presentation) was included as a control variable in regre...
2 CitationsSource
Recently, an image block encryption algorithm was proposed based on some well-known chaotic maps. The authors claim that the encryption algorithm achieves enough security level and high encryption speed at the same time. However, we find that there are some critical security defects in the algorithm. In this paper, we give a thorough security analysis on the algorithm from the perspective of modern cryptography. Given one pair of known plain-image and its corresponding cipher-image, the attacker...
1 Citations