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Embracing Causal Complexity: The Emergence of a Neo-Configurational Perspective

Published on Jan 1, 2017in Journal of Management9.06
· DOI :10.1177/0149206316679252
Vilmos F. Misangyi15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Thomas Greckhamer12
Estimated H-index: 12
(LSU: Louisiana State University)
+ 3 AuthorsRuth V. Aguilera34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Ramon Llull University)
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Abstract
Causal complexity has long been recognized as a ubiquitous feature underlying organizational phenomena, yet current theories and methodologies in management are for the most part not well-suited to its direct study. The introduction of the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) configurational approach has led to a reinvigoration of configurational theory that embraces causal complexity explicitly. We argue that the burgeoning research using QCA represents more than a novel methodology; it constitutes the emergence of a neo-configurational perspective to the study of management and organizations that enables a fine-grained conceptualization and empirical investigation of causal complexity through the logic of set theory. In this article, we identify four foundational elements that characterize this emerging neo-configurational perspective: (a) conceptualizing cases as set theoretic configurations, (b) calibrating cases’ memberships into sets, (c) viewing causality in terms of necessity and sufficiency rel...
  • References (130)
  • Citations (68)
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References130
Newest
Published on May 1, 2016in Comparative Political Studies3.19
Alrik Thiem13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Geneva),
Michael Baumgartner14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Geneva),
Damien Bol7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UdeM: Université de Montréal)
Even after a quarter-century of debate in political science and sociology, representatives of configurational comparative methods (CCMs) and those of regressional analytic methods (RAMs) continue talking at cross purposes. In this article, we clear up three fundamental misunderstandings that have been widespread within and between the two communities, namely that (a) CCMs and RAMs use the same logic of inference, (b) the same hypotheses can be associated with one or the other set of methods, and...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Journal of Business Research4.03
R.T. Frambach22
Estimated H-index: 22
(VU: VU University Amsterdam),
Peer C. Fiss21
Estimated H-index: 21
(SC: University of Southern California),
Paul T.M. Ingenbleek15
Estimated H-index: 15
(WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
Prior literature suggests that customer orientation interacts with other strategic factors, but yields mixed effects in terms of performance outcomes. In addition, capturing performance outcomes of complex systems of interdependencies using commonly employed methods, such as regression models, is often difficult. Thus, this study employs a configurational approach, using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fs/QCA), to analyze the constellations of different strategic orientations, strate...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Journal of Business Research4.03
Anderson Konan Seny Kan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Toulouse Business School),
Emmanuel Adegbite11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Birmingham)
+ 1 AuthorsMahamat Abdellatif1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Paul Sabatier University)
Researchers now use qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) beyond its original purposes in political and sociological sciences and apply this method of analysis in the field of management. This article offers a comprehensive and critical review of all the uses of QCA in management studies up until February 2015. This study shows how QCA extends beyond an empirical technique and how this method offers a genuine formalization of qualitative analysis, which opens new ways of knowledge production in...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Strategic Management Journal5.57
Thomas Greckhamer12
Estimated H-index: 12
(LSU: Louisiana State University)
Executive compensation and its relation to that of rank and file employees are vital areas of strategy research. This study contributes to our understanding of cross-national differences in executive compensation by exploring how key formal and informal country-level institutions of social power structures combine to shape CEO and worker compensation across countries as well as the resulting pay dispersion. Analyzing data spanning 54 countries using the configurational approach fuzzy set Qualita...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Academy of Management Journal7.19
Joanna Tochman Campbell10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UC: University of Cincinnati),
David G. Sirmon24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UW: University of Washington),
Mario Schijven9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Prior research on mergers and acquisitions (M&As) has substantially advanced our understanding of how isolated acquirer- and deal-specific factors affect abnormal stock returns. However, investors are likely to perceive and evaluate M&As holistically—that is, as complex configurations (i.e., gestalts) of characteristics, rather than as a list of independent factors. And, yet, extant M&A literature has not addressed why and how configurations of factors elicit positive or negative reactions. Over...
Published on Dec 8, 2015
Reut Livne-Tarandach4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Benjamin Hawbaker1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsCandace Jones19
Estimated H-index: 19
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Journal of Business Research4.03
José Luis Hervás Oliver18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Polytechnic University of Valencia),
Francisca Sempere-Ripoll6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Polytechnic University of Valencia),
Iván Arribas8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Valencia)
This study revisits the theory, data, and analysis in Hervas-Oliver and Sempere-Ripoll (2014) and applies fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fs/QCA) to organizational innovation effects and the influence on them of technological innovations. The influence of technological innovations (product and process) on organizational innovation and its effects is an inconclusive debate. Using fuzzy set comparative qualitative analysis (fs/QCA) on Hervas-Oliver and Sempere-Ripoll’s (2014) 9,369 org...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Journal of Business Research4.03
Nguyen Dinh Tho3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Western Sydney),
Nguyen Thi Mai Trang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(VNUHCM: Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City)
Employing the ability–motivation–opportunity model, this study proposes that knowledge acquired from business schools by students, students' intrinsic motivation, and innovative culture of business organizations are factors that affect the transfer of knowledge from business schools to business organizations through in-service training students. Using a sample of 843 in-service training business students in Vietnam, the results from SEM (structural equation modeling) support the hypotheses, exce...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Industrial and Corporate Change1.82
Paolo Aversa4
Estimated H-index: 4
(City University London),
Santi Furnari9
Estimated H-index: 9
(City University London),
Stefan Haefliger16
Estimated H-index: 16
(City University London)
We investigate the business model configurations associated with high and low firm performance by conducting a qualitative comparative analysis of firms competing in Formula One racing. We find that configurations of two business models—one focused on selling technology to competitors, the other one on developing and trading human resources with competitors—are associated with high performance. We also investigate why these configurations are high-performing and find that they are underpinned by...
Published on May 15, 2015
Patricia H. Thornton12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Duke University),
William Ocasio24
Estimated H-index: 24
(NU: Northwestern University),
Michael Lounsbury34
Estimated H-index: 34
(U of A: University of Alberta)
This essay discusses a new approach to institutional analysis—the institutional logics perspective (ILP). This perspective is a meta-theory useful for integrating and augmenting a variety of social science theories to better understand the effects of cultural institutions on individuals, organizations, and societies. We describe the history of the development of the ILP, define its core concepts and mechanisms, and review and discuss foundational and cutting-edge research. Prior overviews emphas...
Cited By68
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Published on Jan 30, 2019in Frontiers of Business Research in China
Lulu Liu (RUC: Renmin University of China), Fengbin Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RUC: Renmin University of China),
Xiukun Li (THU: Tsinghua University)
Although exploration and exploitation, as a pair of paradoxical organizational outcomes, are generated by different causal conditions, the conjunction of their respective causal antecedents has yet to be fully examined. Combining environmental uncertainty, unit interdependence, entrepreneurial bricolage and firm life cycle stage in a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA), the distinct causal configurations of exploration and exploitation are formalized and compared based on a survey of founders...
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Journal of Business Venturing Insights
Rainer Harms (HSE: National Research University – Higher School of Economics), Isabella Hatak8
Estimated H-index: 8
(HSG: University of St. Gallen),
Man-Ling Chang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NCHU: National Chung Hsing University)
Research on entrepreneurial personality traits has done a commendable job in developing theory and providing evidence for the consistent effects of the entrepreneurial trait profile (ETP) on various entrepreneurial outcomes. While research has established the fit between the extravert, conscientious and open traits and entrepreneurial intention (EI), the view that entrepreneurship may provide an alternative career path for people outside the norm has attracted increasing interest. In this study,...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management3.09
Tobias Kosmol3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Felix Reimann7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Lutz Kaufmann23
Estimated H-index: 23
Abstract This paper conceptualizes digital procurement readiness as a dyadic construct and introduces the supply chain practice view (SCPV) as a theoretical lens that can help guide future research on digital procurement. We build on a literature review and on dyadic, explanatory case studies to provide a nuanced understanding of how the digital readiness of supply chain partners—on both sides of the dyad—needs to co-evolve for the implementation of digital procurement practices. Specifically, w...
Di Fan (UWO: University of Western Ontario), Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Monash University)
+ 3 AuthorsYing Lu (Macquarie University)
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to take stock of the extant research on occupational health and safety (OHS) with the aim of identifying gaps and mapping out a future research agenda for human...
Published on Sep 6, 2019in International Journal of Management Reviews7.60
Daniël Speldekamp (Radboud University Nijmegen), Ayse Saka11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Radboud University Nijmegen),
Joris Knoben14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Radboud University Nijmegen)
Quang “Neo” Bui (RIT: Rochester Institute of Technology), Ezekiel Masao Leo (RIT: Rochester Institute of Technology), Olayele Adelakun4
Estimated H-index: 4
(DePaul University)
Abstract Effectively managing Information Technology outsourcing (ITO) requires integration of conceptually distinct and sometimes contradicting factors. For instance, ITO “best practices” for cost reduction can inhibit a firm’s innovativeness. To address these challenges, we build on governance and capability perspectives and employ a set-theoretic approach to examine ITO practices in 27 firms. Our exploratory study reveals four distinct ITO configurations, of which three lead to positive outco...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Journal of Business Research4.03
April J. Spivack4
Estimated H-index: 4
(CCU: Coastal Carolina University),
April J. Spivack + -1 AuthorsArch George Woodside (CCU: Coastal Carolina University)
Abstract Who are the knowledge workers perceiving high versus low location autonomy? Do these workers consistently select work environments to enhance their well-being or to enhance their productivity? This study frames the causal conditions for answering these research questions in response to calls ( Misangyi et al., 2017 ; Woodside, 2014 ) to embrace complexity theory in management research by constructing and testing asymmetric case-based models of decisions and outcomes. The present study e...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Journal of Business Research4.03
Jaesuk Jung (Yonsei University), Eunju Ko22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Yonsei University),
Arch G. Woodside (Yonsei University)
Abstract This study proposes and empirically examines a case-outcome configurational theory for explaining shoppers' demographic configurations and sustainability and place attractiveness assessments impact their behaviors toward culturally traditional mega-markets (CTMM). The empirical study here supports the case-outcome theory that recipes of (separate) customer screens (i.e., a few unique complex configurations of shopper conditions) identify shoppers who will (not) shop frequently at the ma...
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