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Higher central fat and poor self-body image in short-stature overweight/obese women living in Brazilian shantytowns

Published on Oct 6, 2016in PeerJ2.353
· DOI :10.7717/peerj.2547
Nassib Bezerra Bueno5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UFAL: Federal University of Alagoas),
Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UFAL: Federal University of Alagoas)
+ 3 AuthorsAna Lydia Sawaya28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)
Abstract
  • References (32)
  • Citations (1)
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References32
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#1James Bentham (Imperial College London)H-Index: 13
#2Mariachiara Di Cesare (Imperial College London)H-Index: 17
Last. Julio Zuniga CisnerosH-Index: 8
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Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, the...
544 CitationsSource
#1Jerrold J. HeindelH-Index: 47
#2John BalbusH-Index: 18
Last. Mark A. HansonH-Index: 82
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There are now robust data supporting the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) paradigm. This includes human and animal data focusing on nutrition or environmental chemicals during development. However, the term DOHaD has not been generally accepted as the official term to be used when one is concerned with understanding the pathophysiological basis for how environmental influences acting during early development influence the risk of later noncommunicable diseases. Similarly, ther...
113 CitationsSource
#1Jerrold J. HeindelH-Index: 47
#2John BalbusH-Index: 18
Last. Mark A. HansonH-Index: 82
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79 CitationsSource
#1Anna Aizer (Brown University)H-Index: 20
#2Janet Currie (Princeton University)H-Index: 65
Health at birth is an important predictor of long-term outcomes, including education, income, and disability. Recent evidence suggests that maternal disadvantage leads to worse health at birth through poor health behaviors; exposure to harmful environmental factors; worse access to medical care, including family planning; and worse underlying maternal health. With increasing inequality, those at the bottom of the distribution now face relatively worse economic conditions, but newborn health amon...
126 CitationsSource
#1Haroldo da Silva Ferreira (UFAL: Federal University of Alagoas)H-Index: 18
#2Juraci A. Cesar (UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)H-Index: 23
Last. Bernardo L. Horta (UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)H-Index: 45
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The aim of this study was to describe time trends in stunting and obesity in children under five years of age in Alagoas State, Brazil. Two surveys were conducted with representative samples, the first in 1992 (n = 1,228) and the second in 2005 (n = 1,384). Stunting was defined as height-for-age 2 standard deviations. Prevalence of stunting decreased from 22.5% to 11.4% (PR = 0.50; 95%CI: 0.42; 0.60), while obesity increased from 6.7% to 9.3% (PR = 1.36; 95%CI: 1.04; 1.77). During the same perio...
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#1David Wormser (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 11
#2Emanuele Di Angelantonio (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 54
Last. Xiaohui Zhao (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 2
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Background The extent to which adult height, a biomarker of the interplay of genetic endowment and early-life experiences, is related to risk of chronic diseases in adulthood is uncertain. Methods We calculated hazard ratios (HRs) for height, assessed in increments of 6.5 cm, using individual-participant data on 174 374 deaths or major non-fatal vascular outcomes recorded among 1 085 949 people in 121 prospective studies. Results For people born between 1900 and 1960, mean adult height increased...
135 CitationsSource
#1Rebecca Kanter (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 10
#2Benjamin H Caballero (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 18
There is a global obesity pandemic. However, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among men and women varies greatly within and between countries, and overall, more women are obese than men. These gender disparities in overweight and obesity are exacerbated among women in developing countries, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa. Yet, in developed countries, more men are overweight than women. Current knowledge suggests that myriad sociocultural dynamics throughout the world exa...
195 CitationsSource
#1Tiffany M. Powell (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 3
#2J.A. de LemosH-Index: 82
Last. Sandeep R. DasH-Index: 34
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The prevalence of obesity in the United States continues to rise and contributes to the incidence of cardiovascular disease.1 One obstacle to effecting weight loss and a potential target for intervention is misperception of body size. Among obese individuals (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared]), body size misperception is defined as failure to recognize the need to lose weight.
50 CitationsSource
#1Peter D. Gluckman (University of Auckland)H-Index: 86
#2Mark A. Hanson (University of Southampton)H-Index: 82
Last. Tatjana Buklijas (University of Auckland)H-Index: 7
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In the last decades, the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) have emerged as a vigorous field combining experimental, clinical, epidemiological and public health research. Its goal is to understand how events in early life shape later morbidity risk, especially of non-communicable chronic diseases. As these diseases become the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, research arising from DOHaD is likely to gain significance to public health and economic development. But...
158 CitationsSource
#1John H. PageH-Index: 17
#2Kathryn M. RexrodeH-Index: 73
Last. JoAnn E. MansonH-Index: 235
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Background: It is not yet established what specific measures of obesity might be most strongly associated with risk of coronary artery disease. We compared the waist-height ratio to waist-hip ratio, waist circumference, and body mass index as predictors of subsequent coronary heart disease (CHD) in a group of predominantly postmenopausal women. Methods: The data come from the prospective Nurses' Health Study cohort. We included 45,563 women in 1986 who were aged 40-65 years and were free of hear...
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Central obesity has been shown to negatively influence the quality of life in centrally obese persons of both sexes. In a population of 740 centrally obese Asian-Indian adults, the present study was conducted to determine whether body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference (HC), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) could predict different domains of quality of life. The differences based on gender and age were also determined. Linear regression analyses w...
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