Formation of partially ordered organic planar systems based on the in situ control of their structural organization
The possibilities of significantly improving the quality of planar systems based on photoactive porphyrin–fullerene dyads, layers based on cytochrome c and cardiolipin, and lysozyme crystals and films using a complex of in situ X-ray methods and simulation are described. The potential of X-ray phase-sensitive and surface-sensitive methods developed by M.V. Koval’chuk and researchers from his school in monitoring all stages of synthesis of partially ordered organic structure is demonstrated. This approach shows its efficiency for in situ studies: starting from the formation of complexes in solutions up to the growth of protein films and crystals.