Integrated supply chain network design for vaccines: a literature review
Published on Jun 1, 2014
This paper reviews the relevant literature for designing a vaccine supply chain. We show that vaccines are not like commodities and introduce the typical characteristics of a vaccine supply chain. We study the decisions at strategic, tactical and operational levels that are integrated in the research field on supply chain network design. We provide an overview of how uncertainty is incorporated in the reviewed literature by distinguishing strategic uncertainty and operational variability. Our future vaccine supply chain network needs to be sustainable, hereby taking the preferences of different stakeholders into account for obtaining a set of economical, technological and value key performance indicators that need to be satisfied by the design. This review emphasizes the need of these three types of performance criteria and shows the criteria that are described in the literature. Finally, we identify the most frequently used modeling and solution techniques and discuss the real-life applicability of the research up to now.