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Hans Eysenck: Sex and violence on television, the paranormal, graphology, and astrology

Published on Dec 1, 2016in Personality and Individual Differences 1.97
· DOI :10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.002
David K.B. Nias4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract
Abstract The views of Hans Eysenck and how they have fared in the light of subsequent research are presented for four controversial topics: (1) In the case of pornographic films, and violence as shown on television (and in the media generally), he interpreted the early evidence as indicating social effects that were predominantly harmful and anti-social, especially for predisposed and vulnerable individuals—as predicted by learning and personality theories. Further research has reinforced these views, unpopular at the time, and so they appear to have definitely stood the test of time. (2) In the case of the paranormal, he continued to see the experimental evidence as promising. However, rigorous testing has found that the demand for replicability is simply not met, at least not replicability commensurate with the claims. (3) For graphology, he found there was no evidence of a useful correlation between handwriting and personality, a conclusion that has since been confirmed. (4) For astrology, he found that there was only one replicable finding (the Mars effect), which urgently required an explanation (none were in sight at the time). After much thought and detective work a likely explanation has been forthcoming in terms of social effects that can bias birth times as reported to registry offices—the raw data. In the context of Eysenck's broad interests and his influential role as a teacher and writer, the progress of research into these topics helps to throw light on his approach to controversial issues.
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References24
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Richard Lynn41
Estimated H-index: 41
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Estimated H-index: 27
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Anna Stone9
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Muniba Saleem7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Iowa State University),
Craig A. Anderson67
Estimated H-index: 67
(Iowa State University)
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Published on Jan 1, 2011in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5.73
Daryl J. Bem28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Cornell University)
The term psi denotes anomalous processes of information or energy transfer that are currently unexplained in terms of known physical or biological mechanisms. Two variants of psi are precognition (conscious cognitive awareness) and premonition (affective apprehension) of a future event that could not otherwise be anticipated through any known inferential process. Precognition and premonition are themselves special cases of a more general phenomenon: the anomalous retroactive influence of some fu...
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Roderick D. Buchanan4
Estimated H-index: 4
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Craig A. Anderson67
Estimated H-index: 67
(Iowa State University),
Akiko Shibuya5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Keio University)
+ 5 AuthorsMuniba Saleem7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Iowa State University)
Meta-analytic procedures were used to test the effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, empathy/desensitization, and prosocial behavior. Unique features of this meta-analytic review include (a) more restrictive methodological quality inclusion criteria than in past meta-analyses; (b) cross-cultural comparisons; (c) longitudinal studies for all outcomes except physiological arousal; (d) conservative statistical controls...
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Daryl J. Bem28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Cornell University),
Charles Honorton6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Edinburgh)
Most academic psychologists do not yet accept the existence of psi, anomalous processes of information or energy transfer (such as telepathy or other forms of extrasensory perception) that are currently unexplained in terms of known physical or biological mechanisms. We believe that the replication rates and effect sizes achieved by one particular experimental method, the ganzfeld procedure, are now sufficient to warrant bringing this body of data to the attention of the wider psychological comm...
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Hans Jürgen Eysenck1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Carl Sargent1
Estimated H-index: 1
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