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Fitness and fatness in relation with attention capacity in European adolescents: The HELENA study

Published on Apr 1, 2017in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport3.62
· DOI :10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.003
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGR: University of Granada),
Jérémy Vanhelst14
Estimated H-index: 14
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
+ 12 AuthorsFrancisco B. Ortega64
Estimated H-index: 64
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
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Abstract
Abstract Objectives To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. Design Cross-sectional study. Methods A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test). Results Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was positively associated with better attention capacity ( β =0.1, p =0.03). Body mass index and fat mass index measured by Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a subset were negatively associated with attention ( β =−0.11, p =0.02; β =−0.36, p =0.02; β =−0.34, p =0.03; respectively). All models were adjusted for age, sex, family-affluence scale and mother education. When these models were additionally adjusted for cardiorespiratory fitness when fatness was the main predictor and vice versa, the associations were somewhat attenuated and were no longer statistically significant. Muscular strength, speed-agility and body fatness markers measured by bioelectrical impedance and skinfolds were not associated with attention. The fit and non-overweight adolescents presented the highest values of attention capacity whilst their unfit and overweight peers showed the lowest values of attention (47.31±2.34 vs. 33.74±4.39; p Conclusions Our results support that both cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness are associated with attention, yet these associations are not independent. A combined effect was also observed, with fit and non-overweight adolescents showing the highest levels of attention and those unfit and overweight the lowest.
  • References (33)
  • Citations (9)
Cite
References33
Newest
Matthew B. Pontifex33
Estimated H-index: 33
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Keita Kamijo17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 7 AuthorsCharles H. Hillman55
Estimated H-index: 55
With the increasing prevalence of sedentary behaviors during childhood, a greater understanding of the extent to which excess adiposity and aerobic fitness relate to cognitive health is of increasing importance. To date, however, the vast majority of research in this area has focused on adiposity or fitness, rather than the possible inter-relationship, as it relates to cognition. Accordingly, this study examined the differential associations between body composition, aerobic fitness, and cogniti...
Published on Sep 1, 2014in Sports Medicine7.58
Jordan J. Smith15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Newcastle),
Narelle Eather12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Newcastle)
+ 3 AuthorsDavid R. Lubans43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Newcastle)
Background Physical fitness during childhood and adolescence has been identified as an important determinant of current and future health status. While research has traditionally focused on the association between cardio-respiratory fitness and health outcomes, the association between muscular fitness (MF) and health status has recently received increased attention.
Published on Feb 1, 2014in Archives of Disease in Childhood3.16
Sargoor R. Veena21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Memorial Hospital of South Bend),
Bhavya G Hegde2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Memorial Hospital of South Bend)
+ 3 AuthorsKrishnamachari Srinivasan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(St. John's University)
Background Studies in high-income countries have shown inverse associations between adiposity and cognitive performance in children. We aimed to examine the relationship between adiposity and cognitive function in Indian children. Methods At a mean age of 9.7 years, height, weight, triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses and waist circumference were recorded for 540 children born in Mysore, India. Body fat percentage was estimated using bioimpedance. Cognitive function was assessed using th...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Journal of Human Kinetics1.41
Eero A. Haapala9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Eastern Finland)
Different elements of physical fitness in children have shown a declining trend during the past few decades. Cardiorespiratory fitness and motor skills have been associated with cognition, but the magnitude of this association remains unknown. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and motor skills with cognitive functions and academic performance in children up to 13 years of age. Cross-sectional studies suggest that children with h...
Published on Dec 1, 2012in Obesity3.97
Keita Kamijo17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Naiman A. Khan14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
+ 6 AuthorsCharles H. Hillman55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Adiposity may be negatively associated with cognitive function in children. However, the findings remain controversial, in part due to the multifaceted nature of cognition and perhaps the lack of accurate assessment of adiposity. The aim of this study was to clarify the relation of weight status to cognition in preadolescent children using a comprehensive assessment of cognitive control, academic achievement, and measures of adiposity. Preadolescent children between 7 and 9 years (n = 126) compl...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Early Years
Heinz Krombholz1
Estimated H-index: 1
The aim of this study was to investigate the development of overweight compared with healthy-weight children attending kindergartens in Munich, Germany. Mean age of the children at the beginning of the study was 53.2 months (SD = 7.5); the duration of the study was 20 months. At the beginning of the study children were classified as overweight (n = 32) or healthy weight (n = 318) using BMI scores. Dependent variables were aspects of physical growth, physical fitness, body coordination, manual de...
Published on Dec 1, 2011in BMC Pediatrics1.98
Iris Niederer9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Basel),
Susi Kriemler35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Swiss TPH: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsJardena J. Puder26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UNIL: University of Lausanne)
Background The debate about a possible relationship between aerobic fitness and motor skills with cognitive development in children has recently re-emerged, because of the decrease in children's aerobic fitness and the concomitant pressure of schools to enhance cognitive performance. As the literature in young children is scarce, we examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship of aerobic fitness and motor skills with spatial working memory and attention in preschool children.
Published on Oct 1, 2011in American Journal of Preventive Medicine4.43
Matthew T. Mahar22
Estimated H-index: 22
(ECU: East Carolina University),
Ashley M. Guerieri2
Estimated H-index: 2
(ECU: East Carolina University)
+ 1 AuthorsC. David Kemble1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ECU: East Carolina University)
Background: Aerobic fitness (VO2max) is a key component of youth fitness testing. Criterion- referenced (CR) assessments are used in FITNESSGRAM ® to assess health risk. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and cross-validate regression models to estimate VO2max from Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) 20-m shuttle run performance in boys and girls aged 10 -16 years. Several previously published PACER models were also cross-validated. A secondary purpose was to ...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Obesity3.97
Lawrence Maayan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NYU: New York University),
Claire J. Hoogendoorn5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NYU: New York University)
+ 1 AuthorsAntonio Convit44
Estimated H-index: 44
(NYU: New York University)
In adults, obesity has been associated with disinhibited eating, decreased cortical gray matter (GM) volume, and lower performance on cognitive assessments. Much less is known about these relationships in adolescence and there are no studies assessing behavioral, cognitive, and neurostructural measures in the same group of study participants. This study examined the relationship between obesity, executive function, disinhibition, and brain volumes in relatively healthy youth. Participants includ...
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Preventive Medicine3.45
Charles H. Hillman55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Keita Kamijo17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Mark R. Scudder20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Abstract Background A growing body of research has detailed the beneficial relation of chronic participation in—and acute responses to—physical activity on aspects of cognition that underlie scholastic achievement. Here, we review the relevant neuroelectric findings on this beneficial relation in children, providing support for the influence of physical activity on specific cognitive processes that comprise academic performance. Method A review of studies examining physical activity and neuroele...
Cited By9
Newest
Published on Jun 25, 2019in Journal of Educational Computing Research1.54
Chia-Yen Hsieh (NKNU: National Kaohsiung Normal University), Tim Chen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ton Duc Thang University)
The main purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of using Pokemon GO for 10 weeks on the cognitive performance (memory, selective attention, concentration, and creative imagination) and emo...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Perceptual and Motor Skills1.05
Alberto Mezcua-Hidalgo (University of Jaén), Alberto Ruiz-Ariza4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Jaén)
+ 1 AuthorsEmilio J. Martínez-López11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Jaén)
Physical activity has been positively related to better cognitive performance though the effects of varied exercise type and intensity and the duration of cognitive benefits are unclear. This study...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Alberto Ruiz-Ariza4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Sebastián López-Serrano1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsEmilio J. Martínez-López11
Estimated H-index: 11
The game, in its many facets, plays a key role in all stages of life, and especially in physical, social, emotional and intellectual development. Pokemon GO has managed to convert the environment that surrounds us into a space used by a video game, thanks to its combination of physical activity and augmented reality. But what does Pokemon GO involve within the educational system? In this chapter, we will address its impact on those players that were within the educational framework, as well as s...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of Robotic Surgery
Andreas Martinschek4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UMA: University of Mannheim),
G. Welzel (UMA: University of Mannheim)+ 3 AuthorsLutz Trojan25
Estimated H-index: 25
(GAU: University of Göttingen)
To prospectively evaluate the possible loss of attention among console surgeons performing robotic-assisted procedures using a validated psychological test. The concentration of one console surgeon was assessed before and after 25 robotic-assisted procedures (radical prostatectomies) using the validated d2 attention test (computer-assisted, Hogrefe test systems, Germany). Error frequency, work rate, and accuracy of task performance were evaluated as parameters of the fluctuation in concentration...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Trials1.98
Jutta S. Mayer7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Goethe University Frankfurt),
Katharina Hees2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University Hospital Heidelberg)
+ 20 AuthorsAntonio Martinez-Nicolas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Murcia)
The risk for major depression and obesity is increased in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and adolescent ADHD predicts adult depression and obesity. Non-pharmacological interventions to treat and prevent these co-morbidities are urgently needed. Bright light therapy (BLT) improves day–night rhythm and is an emerging therapy for major depression. Exercise intervention (EI) reduces obesity and improves depressive symptoms. To date, no randomized contro...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Trials1.98
Katherine González-Ruíz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Del Rosario University),
Jorge Enrique Correa Bautista11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Del Rosario University)
+ 12 AuthorsEmilio González Jiménez12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGR: University of Granada)
Background A considerable proportion of contemporary youth have a high risk of obesity-related disorders such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Although there is consistent evidence for the positive effects of physical activity on several health aspects, most adolescents in Colombia are sedentary. It is, therefore, important to implement strategies that generate changes in lifestyle. The HEPAFIT study aims to examine whether a 6-month ex...
Published on Jun 3, 2018in Current Eye Research1.67
Jesús Vera5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UGR: University of Granada),
Raimundo Jiménez8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 2 AuthorsAmador García-Ramos8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Catholic University of the Most Holy Conception)
ABSTRACTPurpose/Aim: The execution of strength exercises has demonstrated to increase the intraocular pressure (IOP) levels, and it may have a negative impact on the ocular health. We aimed to explore the influence of fitness level on the acute IOP response to strength exercises performed under different loading conditions, as well as to test whether the IOP responses differ between the bench press and jump squat when performed against the same relative loads.Materials and Methods: Forty militar...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Computers in Education
Alberto Ruiz-Ariza4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Jaén),
Rafael A. Casuso6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 1 AuthorsEmilio J. Martínez-López11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Jaén)
Abstract The main aim was to analyse the effect of 8 weeks of Pokemon GO on cognitive performance (memory, selective attention, concentration, mathematical calculation and linguistic reasoning) and emotional intelligence (well-being, self-control, emotionality and sociability) in Spanish adolescents between 12 and 15 years. A longitudinal design was used, with a Control Group (n = 103) that did not use Pokemon GO, and Experimental Group (n = 87) that used Pokemon GO during 8 weeks. Age, sex, BMI...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in European Journal of Pediatrics2.19
Irene Esteban-Cornejo9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UGR: University of Granada),
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 9 AuthorsAnthony Kafatos50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UoC: University of Crete)
We compared the level of attention capacity between adolescents from the center and south of Europe. The study included 627 European adolescents (54% girls), aged 12.5–17.5 years, who participated in the HELENA Study. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. The main results showed that adolescents from the south of Europe had significantly higher score in attention capacity compared with adolescents from central Europe (score + 8.1; 95%CI, 2.44–13.61) after adjust...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in British Journal of Nutrition3.32
Pontus Henriksson9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UGR: University of Granada),
M. Cuenca-García1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCA: University of Cádiz)
+ 8 AuthorsLuis Alberto Moreno Aznar71
Estimated H-index: 71
(University of Zaragoza)
View next paperPhysical fitness, body fatness and physical activity: the Amsterdam Growth and Health Study.