Diet, Lifestyle, Biomarkers, Genetic Factors, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in the Nurses’ Health Studies

Published on Sep 1, 2016in American Journal of Public Health5.38
· DOI :10.2105/AJPH.2016.303316
Edward Yu8
Estimated H-index: 8
Eric B. Rimm166
Estimated H-index: 166
+ 6 AuthorsJoAnn E. Manson232
Estimated H-index: 232
Objectives. To review the contributions of the Nurses’ Health Studies (NHSs) to the understanding of cardiovascular disease etiology in women.Methods. We performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016.Results. Diets low in trans fat, saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, and sugar-sweetened beverages and rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and sources of unsaturated fats are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Healthy lifestyle choices include smoking avoidance, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body mass index, and moderate alcohol consumption. Adherence to a combination of these healthy diet and lifestyle behaviors may prevent most vascular events. Studies also covered oral contraceptive use, postmenopausal hormone therapy, shift work, sleep duration, psychosocial factors, and various biomarkers and genetic factors. Findings, such as the association of trans fat with cardiovascular disease, have helped shaped medica...
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#1Karen B. DeSalvo (HHS: United States Department of Health and Human Services)H-Index: 3
#2Richard Olson (HHS: United States Department of Health and Human Services)H-Index: 2
Last.Kellie O Casavale (HHS: United States Department of Health and Human Services)H-Index: 3
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#1Ming Ding (Harvard University)H-Index: 10
#2Ambika Satija (Harvard University)H-Index: 14
Last.Frank B. Hu (Harvard University)H-Index: 202
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#1Yoriko Heianza (Tulane University)H-Index: 18
#2Yang Zheng (Fudan University)H-Index: 22
Last.Lu Qi (Tulane University)H-Index: 72
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#1Cynthia C. Forbes (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 8
#2Zhijie Michael Yu (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 4
Last.Melanie R. Keats (Dal: Dalhousie University)H-Index: 6
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#1Hamid Rasad (Urmia University of Medical Sciences)
#2Mohammad Hassan Entezari (IUMS: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 6
Last.Naseh Pahlavani (MUMS: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences)
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#1Edward Bitok (LLU: Loma Linda University)H-Index: 3
#2Joan Sabaté (LLU: Loma Linda University)H-Index: 45
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