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Changes in Dietary Fat Intake and Projections for Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in Sweden: A Simulation Study

Published on Aug 4, 2016in PLOS ONE2.776
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0160474
Lena Björck15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Gothenburg),
Anders H. Rosengren94
Estimated H-index: 94
(University of Gothenburg)
+ 8 AuthorsIngegerd Johansson66
Estimated H-index: 66
(Umeå University)
Abstract
Objective In Sweden, previous favourable trends in blood cholesterol levels have recently levelled off or even increased in some age groups since 2003, potentially reflecting changing fashions and ...
  • References (35)
  • Citations (9)
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References35
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#1Russell J. de SouzaH-Index: 38
#2Andrew Mente (McMaster University)H-Index: 34
Last. Sonia S. AnandH-Index: 82
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Objective To systematically review associations between intake of saturated fat and trans unsaturated fat and all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD) and associated mortality, ischemic stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, and CINAHL from inception to 1 May 2015, supplemented by bibliogra...
384 CitationsSource
#1Abstr Act (Harvard University)H-Index: 68
#2Dariush Mozaffarian (Harvard University)H-Index: 122
Last. John Powles (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 32
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BACKGROUND High sodium intake increases blood pressure, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the effects of sodium intake on global cardiovascular mortality are uncertain. METHODS We collected data from surveys on sodium intake as determined by urinary excretion and diet in persons from 66 countries (accounting for 74.1% of adults throughout the world), and we used these data to quantify the global consumption of sodium according to age, sex, and country. The effects of sodium on blood ...
421 CitationsSource
#1Feng J. He (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 40
#2Sonia Pombo-Rodrigues (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 3
Last. Graham A. MacGregor (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 72
view all 3 authors...
Objectives To determine the relationship between the reduction in salt intake that occurred in England, and blood pressure (BP), as well as mortality from stroke and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Design Analysis of the data from the Health Survey for England. Setting and participants England, 2003 N=9183, 2006 N=8762, 2008 N=8974 and 2011 N=4753, aged ≥16 years. Outcomes BP, stroke and IHD mortality. Results From 2003 to 2011, there was a decrease in mortality from stroke by 42% (p 2 , p Conclu...
187 CitationsSource
#1Johanna Berg (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 3
#2Lena Björck (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 15
Last. Anders H. Rosengren (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 94
view all 6 authors...
Background Deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) have been decreasing in most Western countries over the last few decades. In contrast, a flattening of the decrease in mortality has been recently reported among younger age groups in some countries. We aimed to determine whether the decrease in CHD mortality is flattening among Swedish young adults.
25 CitationsSource
#1Belgin Ünal (Dokuz Eylül University)H-Index: 24
#2Kaan Sözmen (Dokuz Eylül University)H-Index: 10
Last. Julia A. Critchley (St George's, University of London)H-Index: 42
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Background Coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates have been decreasing in Turkey since the early 1990s. Our study aimed to determine how much of the CHD mortality decrease in Turkey between 1995 and 2008 could be attributed to temporal trends in major risk factors and how much to advances in medical and surgical treatments.
44 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Caldeira (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 18
#2António Vaz-Carneiro (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 11
Last. João Costa (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 36
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No presente artigo avaliamos e comentamos a Revisao Sistematica da Cochrane “Effect of longer-term modest salt reduction on blood pressure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Apr 30;4:CD004937”. Questao Clinica: Qual o impacto a longo prazo (≥ 4 semanas) da restricao moderada de ingestao de sal na pressao arterial. Conclusoes: Esta revisao sistematica concluiu que a restricao moderada de ingestao de sal (reducao media -4,4 g por dia) diminui de forma significativa a pressao arterial (PA) em indivi...
141 CitationsSource
#1Melanie Nichols (University of Oxford)H-Index: 21
#2Nick Townsend (University of Oxford)H-Index: 25
Last. Mike Rayner (University of Oxford)H-Index: 55
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This paper provides an update for 2014 on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and in particular coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, across the countries of Europe. Cardiovascular disease causes more deaths among Europeans than any other condition, and in many countries still causes more than twice as many deaths as cancer. There is clear evidence in most countries with available data that mortality and case-fatality rates from CHD and stroke have decreased substantially over the las...
670 CitationsSource
#1John G. Hughes ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 20
#2Zubair Kabir (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 34
Last. Julia A. Critchley (St George's, University of London)H-Index: 42
view all 12 authors...
Background Despite rapidly declining coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates over the last two decades, CHD mortality rates in the British Isles are still amongst the highest in Europe. Greater risk factor reductions have been achieved in many other countries in Europe and beyond. This study aimed to use a modelling approach to assess the potential impact of alternative future risk factor scenarios relating to smoking and physical activity levels, dietary salt and saturated fat intakes on f...
14 CitationsSource
#1Celine O'Keeffe (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 1
#2Zubair Kabir (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 34
Last. Ivan J. Perry (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 52
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Objective: To estimate the potential reduction in cardiovascular (CVD) mortality possible by decreasing salt, trans fat and saturated fat consumption, and by increasing fruit and vegetable (F/V) consumption in Irish adults aged 25–84 years for 2010. Design: Modelling study using the validated IMPACT Food Policy Model across two scenarios. Sensitivity analysis was undertaken. First, a conservative scenario: reductions in dietary salt by 1 g/day, trans fat by 0.5% of energy intake, saturated fat b...
33 CitationsSource
#1Feng J. He (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 40
#2Jiafu LiH-Index: 2
Last. Graham A. MacGregor (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 72
view all 3 authors...
Background A reduction in salt intake lowers blood pressure (BP) and, thereby, reduces cardiovascular risk. A recent meta-analysis by Graudal implied that salt reduction had adverse effects on hormones and lipids which might mitigate any benefit that occurs with BP reduction. However, Graudal's meta-analysis included a large number of very short-term trials with a large change in salt intake, and such studies are irrelevant to the public health recommendations for a longer-term modest reduction ...
449 CitationsSource
Cited By9
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#1Maria Bergström (LNU: Linnaeus University)H-Index: 11
#2Andreas Håkansson (Lund University)H-Index: 13
Last. Håkan Andersson (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 1
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Earlier studies have implied a change in dietary habits of the Swedish population towards a low carbohydrate, high fat diet. Questions have been raised about the development in recent years and potential health effects. We have investigated the dietary intake of Swedish female students enrolled in a university nutrition course between 2002 and 2017. The students carried out self-reporting of all food and drink intake over one weekday and one weekend day. Intake of macronutrients (E%) and micronu...
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#1Lena Björck (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 15
#2Christina E. Lundberg (University of Gothenburg)
Last. Anders H. Rosengren (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 94
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BackgroundThe incidence of heart failure (HF) is decreasing in older ages, but increasing rates have been observed among younger persons in Sweden. Therefore, we investigated the relationship betwe...
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#1Susanna Calling (Lund University)H-Index: 10
#2Sven-Erik JohanssonH-Index: 47
Last. Kristina Sundquist (Lund University)H-Index: 54
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Background Identifying variables predictive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in women is important. The use of the ratio of total cholesterol-to-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC/HDL-C) is often overlooked. The aim was to study TC/HDL-C in relation to later AMI, in a large sample of women, adjusted for age, educational status, smoking, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure, and neighbourhood socioeconomic status. The hypothesis was that increasing TC/HDL-C is associated with an increased ri...
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#1Johanna-Katharina Schönbach (University of Bremen)
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There is evidence that replacing saturated fat (SFA) with polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) lowers ischemic heart disease (IHD). In order to improve the population’s diet, the World Health Organization has called for the taxation of foods that are high in SFA. We aimed to assess the potential health gains of a European fat tax by applying the SFA intake reduction that has been observed under the Danish fat tax to six other European countries. For each country, we created a fat tax scenario with a decre...
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Taste and diet preferences are complex and influenced by both environmental and host traits while affecting both food selection and associated health outcomes. The present study genotyped 94 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in previously reported taste and food intake related genes and assessed associations with taste threshold (TT) and preferred intensity (PT) of sweet, sour and bitter, food preferences, habitual diet intake, and caries status in healthy young Swedish men and women (n = 1...
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#1Mark C. Houston (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 17
#2Deanna M. Minich (University of Western States)H-Index: 6
Last. Mimi GuarneriH-Index: 1
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ABSTRACTOne of the greatest threats to mortality in industrialized societies continues to be coronary heart disease (CHD). Moreover, the ability to decrease the incidence of CHD has reached a limit utilizing traditional diagnostic evaluations and prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking). It is well known that about 80% of CHD can be prevented with optimal nutrition, coupled with exercise...
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#1Richard S. Cooper (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)H-Index: 110
Article, see p 653 Despite substantial progress in treatment and control, hypertension still accounts for 10% of the population attributable risk for all-cause mortality in most societies.1 In addition to better pharmacological control, a preventive population approach is needed because the lifetime incidence of hypertension is 90%, and the years spent with a high normal blood pressure (BP) also have vascular consequences. Unfortunately, the challenge of primary prevention has not even been seri...
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#1Rebecca Webster (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
The growing problem of Americans facing chronic health conditions—Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and obesity—is exacerbated within the Native American population who live on reservations. Their rate of these chronic conditions exceeds those for all other races bringing forth a greater need for methods to improve health through the development of local food security. Fortunately, the indigenous food sovereignty movement has brought attention to their struggle for access to healthy and culturally...
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#1Sara FarchiH-Index: 1
#2Manuela De SarioH-Index: 16
Last. Paola MichelozziH-Index: 39
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Introduction Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable green...
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