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Frontal versus dysexecutive syndromes: relevance of an interactionist approach in a case series of patients with prefrontal lobe damage.

Published on Aug 18, 2018in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation2.667
· DOI :10.1080/09602011.2016.1209420
Jérémy Besnard7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Angers),
Philippe Allain24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Angers)
+ 4 AuthorsDidier Le Gall20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Angers)
Abstract
ABSTRACTThe concepts of “frontal” and “dysexecutive” syndromes are still a matter of debate in the literature. These terms are often used interchangeably but can be distinguished when considering specific frontal behavioural deficits which occur during social interaction. Despite being of interest for the clinical assessment and care management of patients with anterior brain damage, few studies have tried to disentangle the specificity of each syndrome. We report the case of eight patients with frontal lobe damage who were assigned to one of two groups based on whether or not they showed a dysexecutive syndrome. The nondysexecutive group differed from the dysexecutive group in showing environmental dependency phenomena, behavioural disorders triggered by social interaction. By adopting an interactionist perspective, this pilot study contributes to defining more precisely the distinction between “frontal” and “dysexecutive” syndromes. The discussion focuses on the potential interest of the interactionist ...
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