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Ethics of Decoded Neurofeedback in Clinical Research, Treatment, and Moral Enhancement

Published on Apr 2, 2016in Ajob Neuroscience
· DOI :10.1080/21507740.2016.1172134
Eisuke Nakazawa3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UTokyo: University of Tokyo),
Keiichiro Yamamoto1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsAkira Akabayashi20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UTokyo: University of Tokyo)
Abstract
Decoded neurofeedback is a new technology that allows the improvement or modification of human cognitive and moral capacities and has a wide range of potential applications. As decoded neurofeedback will have an impact on society, ethical concerns about this technology should be examined. As decoded neurofeedback modifies the default mode network due to a voxel-based pattern analysis, it enables a tailor-made intervention. However, it is difficult to assess the safety and efficacy of decoded neurofeedback-based interventions in clinical trials because of a shortage of reliable preclinical data. Decoded neurofeedback used for moral enhancement is a noninvasive intervention with a high selectivity for the targeted brain state, and therefore, moral uniformity, the most often discussed problem, can be avoided. However, it remains uncertain whether decoded neurofeedback is reversible, safe, or efficacious.
  • References (33)
  • Citations (14)
References33
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#1Frank Scharnowski (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 18
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Last.Hiroshi Imamizu (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)H-Index: 9
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#2Neil Levy (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 26
#1Julian SavulescuH-Index: 47
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Last.Ingmar PerssonH-Index: 9
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Cited By14
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#1Norihiro SadatoH-Index: 73
#2Kentaro Morita (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 26
Last.Shigeo Okabe (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 45
view all 8 authors...
#1Koji Tachibana (Kumamoto University)H-Index: 2
#2Shoichi Tachibana (Memorial Hospital of South Bend)H-Index: 1
Last.Natsuhiko Inoue (JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
#1John R. Shook (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 8
#2James Giordano (GUMC: Georgetown University Medical Center)H-Index: 25
View next paperMETHODOLOGICAL NOTE: NEUROFEEDBACK: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON SYSTEM DESIGN, METHODOLOGY AND CLINICAL APPLICATIONS