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Simultane Bestimmung spektraler Eigenschaften und Größen von multiplen Partikeln in Lösung mit Subnanometer-Auflösung

Published on Sep 19, 2016in Angewandte Chemie12.257
· DOI :10.1002/ange.201603844
Engin Karabudak9
Estimated H-index: 9
(İzmir Institute of Technology),
Emre H Brookes17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)
+ 8 AuthorsHelmut Cölfen74
Estimated H-index: 74
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
Abstract
  • References (29)
  • Citations (1)
References29
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#1Torben SchindlerH-Index: 6
#2Johannes WalterH-Index: 16
Last. Tobias UnruhH-Index: 29
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Properties of small semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs) are strongly governed by their size. Precise characterization is a key requirement for tailored dispersities and thus for high-quality devices. Results of a careful analysis of particle size distributions (PSDs) of ZnO are presented combining advantages of UV/vis absorption spectroscopy, analytical ultracentrifugation, and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Our study reveals that careful cross-validation of these different methods is mandat...
22 CitationsSource
#1Tugce Akdas (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 5
#2Johannes Walter (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 16
Last. Wolfgang Peukert (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 47
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In this work we investigated fundamental properties of CuInS2 quantum dots in dependence of the particle size distribution (PSD). Size-selective precipitation (SSP) with acetone as poor solvent was performed as an adequate post-processing step. Our results provide deep insight into the correlation between particle size and various optical characteristics as bandgap energy, absorption and emission features and the broadness of the emission signal. These structure–property relationships are only a...
19 CitationsSource
#1Cornelia M. Völkle (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 1
#2Denis Gebauer (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 23
Last. Helmut Cölfen (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 74
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Nucleation and growth of silver nanoparticles has already been investigated with various experimental and computational tools. However, owing to inherent problems associated with the analytical characterization of nucleation processes, there is a general lack of experimental data regarding the earliest precursors and smallest Ag(0) clusters. Here, we address this problem by the application of Synthetic Boundary Crystallization Ultracentrifugation, utilizing a multiwavelength detector for the fir...
16 CitationsSource
#1Joseph Z. Pearson (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 5
#2Frank KrauseH-Index: 2
Last. Helmut Cölfen (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 74
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We describe important advances in analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) hardware, which add new information to the hydrodynamic information observed in traditional AUC instruments. In contrast to the Beckman-Coulter XLA UV/visible detector, multiwavelength (MWL) detection is able to collect sedimentation data not just for one wavelength, but for a large wavelength range in a single experiment. The additional dimension increases the data density by orders of magnitude, significantly improving the ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Johannes WalterH-Index: 16
#2Konrad LöhrH-Index: 1
Last. Helmut CölfenH-Index: 74
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The worldwide trend in nanoparticle technology toward increasing complexity must be directly linked to more advanced characterization methods of size, shape and related properties, applicable to many different particle systems in science and technology. Available techniques for nanoparticle characterization are predominantly focused on size characterization. However, simultaneous size and shape characterization is still an unresolved major challenge. We demonstrate that analytical ultracentrifug...
67 CitationsSource
#1Borries Demeler (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 43
#2Tich-Lam Nguyen (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 14
Last. Robert L. Whetten (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 69
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A critical problem in materials science is the accurate characterization of the size dependent properties of colloidal inorganic nanocrystals. Due to the intrinsic polydispersity present during synthesis, dispersions of such materials exhibit simultaneous heterogeneity in density ρ, molar mass M, and particle diameter d. The density increments ∂ρ/∂d and ∂ρ/∂M of these nanoparticles, if known, can then provide important information about crystal growth and particle size distributions. For most cl...
44 CitationsSource
#1Gary E. Gorbet (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 8
#2Taylor Devlin (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 1
Last. Borries Demeler (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 43
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A method for fitting sedimentation velocity experiments using whole boundary Lamm equation solutions is presented. The method, termed parametrically constrained spectrum analysis (PCSA), provides an optimized approach for simultaneously modeling heterogeneity in size and anisotropy of macromolecular mixtures. The solutions produced by PCSA are particularly useful for modeling polymerizing systems, where a single-valued relationship exists between the molar mass of the growing polymer chain and i...
33 CitationsSource
#1Kanokwan Nontapot (NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Vinayak Rastogi (NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology)H-Index: 9
Last. Vytas Reipa (NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology)H-Index: 19
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Si nanocrystals, terminated with cyclohexane and allylamine, were analyzed using analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy. We found that AUC yielded equivalent particle size distribution data to other nanoparticle characterization techniques, while also providing important information not probed by techniques such as DLS regarding the relative size of the particle core and shell components and the overall effective particle density...
17 CitationsSource
#1Doris SegetsH-Index: 19
#2J. Matthew LucasH-Index: 9
Last. Wolfgang PeukertH-Index: 47
view all 7 authors...
This work addresses the determination of arbitrarily shaped particle size distributions (PSDs) from PbS and PbSe quantum dot (QD) optical absorbance spectra in order to arrive at a relationship between band gap energy and particle size over a large size range. Using a modified algorithm which was previously developed for ZnO, we take only bulk absorption data from the literature and match the PSDs derived from QD absorbance spectra with those from transmission electron microscopical (TEM) image ...
72 CitationsSource
#1Randy P. Carney (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 19
#2Jin Young Kim (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 44
Last. Osman M. Bakr (KAUST: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 56
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Nanoparticles are finding many research and industrial applications, yet their characterization remains a challenge. Their cores are often polydisperse and coated by a stabilizing shell that varies in size and composition. No single technique can characterize both the size distribution and the nature of the shell. Advances in analytical ultracentrifugation allow for the extraction of the sedimentation (s) and diffusion coefficients (D). Here we report an approach to transform the s and D distrib...
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#1Simon E. Wawra (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 4
#2Lukas Pflug (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 6
Last. Wolfgang Peukert (FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)H-Index: 47
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Properties of nanoparticles are influenced by various parameters like size, shape or composition. Comprehensive high throughput characterization techniques are urgently needed to improve synthesis, scale up to production and make way for new applications of multidimensional particulate systems. In this study, we present a method for measuring two-dimensional size distributions of plasmonic nanorods in a single experiment. Analytical ultracentrifuge equipped with a multiwavelength extinction dete...
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