Chapter 24 – Cat-Specific Considerations

Published on Aug 28, 2014
· DOI :10.1016/B978-0-323-08935-7.00024-7
Sheilah A. Robertson1
Estimated H-index: 1
  • References (54)
  • Citations (3)
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1 Author (Marion J. Freak)
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Adequate pain relief is usually achieved with the simultaneous use of two or more different classes of analgesics, often called multimodal analgesia. The purpose of this article is to highlight the use of perioperative multimodal analgesia and the need to individualize the treatment plan based on the presenting condition, and to adjust it based on the response to analgesia for a given patient. This case series presents the alleviation of acute pain in three cats undergoing different major surgic...
20 CitationsSource
#1Javier Benito (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 10
#2Venita DePuyH-Index: 8
Last. B. Duncan X. Lascelles (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 33
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Abstract The objective of this study was to test the readability, reliability, repeatability and discriminatory ability of an owner-completed instrument to assess feline degenerative joint disease (DJD)-associated pain (feline musculoskeletal pain index, FMPI). Readability was explored using four different formulas (Flesch, Fry, SMOG and FOG) and the final FMPI instrument was produced. To assess the instrument, client-owned cats that were defined as normal (normal group) or as having DJD-associa...
45 CitationsSource
#1Nina D Lorenz (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 1
#2Eithne Comerford (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 13
Last. Isabelle Iff (Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library)H-Index: 8
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Gabapentin has been widely used in human medicine to control acute and chronic pain. Although the exact mechanism of action has yet to be determined, its use in veterinary medicine is increasing. The clinical use of gabapentin for analgesia in cats has been reported in review articles and one case report. Managing chronic pain, particularly in the feline patient, poses a challenge to veterinary surgeons. This report details the long-term use of gabapentin for musculoskeletal pain or head trauma ...
27 CitationsSource
#1Javier Benito (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 10
#2Bernard D. Hansen (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 24
Last. B. Duncan X. Lascelles (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 33
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Results: Positive responses of cats to placebo (P = .0001) and meloxicam treatment (P = .0004) were detected; however, the instrument did not detect any difference between placebo and meloxicam (linear mixed model), even for the high impairment cases. Percent meloxicam target dose administered, temperament, and total baseline FMPI score were covariates that most affected FMPI scores. Controlling for significant covariates, most positive effects were seen for placebo treatment. Positive treatment...
40 CitationsSource
#1Paulo V. M. Steagall (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 16
#2Ludovic Pelligand (RVC: Royal Veterinary College)H-Index: 11
Last. Polly M TaylorH-Index: 33
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Abstract Objective To describe simultaneous pharmacokinetics (PK) and thermal antinociception after intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) and subcutaneous (SC) buprenorphine in cats. Study design Randomized, prospective, blinded, three period crossover experiment. Animals Six healthy adult cats weighing 4.1 ± 0.5 kg. Methods Buprenorphine (0.02 mg kg−1) was administered IV, IM or SC. Thermal threshold (TT) testing and blood collection were conducted simultaneously at baseline and at predetermined...
39 CitationsSource
#1Javier Benito (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 10
#2Margaret E. Gruen (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 11
Last. B. Duncan X. Lascelles (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 33
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This study evaluated the types of items owners consider important to their cats’ quality of life (QoL). We hypothesized that items contributing to QoL in cats are predominantly items requiring mobility. The objectives of the study were to describe the types of items considered important by owners for their cats’ QoL; to describe the proportion of these items that involve mobility; to evaluate what patient factors, including severity of degenerative joint disease (DJD), affect this distribution; ...
29 CitationsSource
#1Elisa Bortolami (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 5
#2Louisa S Slingsby (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 16
Last. Emma J Love (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 10
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This randomised, blinded, cross-over study investigated the ease of oral transmucosal administration of two formulations of buprenorphine using glucose as a control in 12 cats. The cats received three treatments: buprenorphine multi-dose, buprenorphine and the equivalent volume of glucose 5%. Ease of treatment administration, observation of swallowing, changes in pupil size, sedation, salivation, vomiting, behaviour and food intake were assessed. The data were analysed using MLwiN and multi-leve...
12 CitationsSource
#1Masatoshi Kamata (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 4
#2Jonathan N. King (Novartis)H-Index: 23
Last. Ryohei Nishimura (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 26
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Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of robenacoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, for the treatment of post-operative pain and inflammation in cats. The study was a prospective, multi-centre, randomised, blinded, non-inferiority design clinical study to compare robenacoxib to meloxicam. Ninety-six cats undergoing surgery at eight centres in Japan were allocated randomly to receive a single SC injection of robenacoxib (2 mg/kg, n = 67) or m...
26 CitationsSource
#1Masatoshi Kamata (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 4
#2Shotaro Nagahama (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 4
Last. Ryohei Nishimura (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 26
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Behavioral effects induced by intravenous administration of morphine at 0.3, 0.6, 1.2, and 2.4 μg/kg and fentanyl at 5, 10, 20, and 40 μg/kg were evaluated in dogs and cats. In dogs, fentanyl and morphine depressed activity and level of consciousness in a dose- dependant manner. In cats, higher doses of fentanyl stimulated activity temporarily, but excitement, so-called "opioid mania," was not observed. Morphine induced distinctive behavioral changes characterized by sitting with fixed staring, ...
11 CitationsSource
#1Ray JH-Index: 1
#2Jordan DH-Index: 1
Last. Clark JH-Index: 1
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6 Citations
Cited By3
#1Hilary Shipley (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
#2Alonso G. P. Guedes (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 13
Last. Erin Wendt-Hornickle (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 2
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ObjectivesThe objective of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability and convergent validity of the Colorado State University Feline Acute Pain Scale (CSU-FAPS) in a preliminary appra...
2 CitationsSource
AbstractChronic pain can be found in all mammals that have a nociceptive pathway. It is defined as pain that extends beyond the normal time of healing. This article deals with chronic pain that affects canine patients. Chronic pain and depression have both been shown to occur in mammals. Chronic pain can be divided into inflammatory pain, non-osteoarthritis–non-malignant pain and cancer pain. The pet owner is key in the recognition of chronic pain in dogs. There are validated chronic pain scales...
1 CitationsSource
#1August S. BassaniH-Index: 4
#2Daniel BanovH-Index: 4
Last. Ha PhanH-Index: 2
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Abstract Pain, whether it is acute or chronic, can induce stress and reduce overall quality of life for domestic felines. Tramadol, a synthetic opioid that exerts analgesic effects by binding to μ-opioid receptors as well as
1 Citations