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References19
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2013in Global Environmental Change-human and Policy Dimensions 10.43
Stephan Barthel19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Stockholm University),
Carole L. Crumley20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill),
Uno Svedin13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Stockholm University)
Food security for a growing world population is high on the list of grand sustainability challenges, as is reducing the pace of biodiversity loss in landscapes of food production. Here we shed new insights on areas that harbor place specific social memories related to food security and stewardship of biodiversity. We call them bio-cultural refugia. Our goals are to illuminate how bio-cultural refugia store, revive and transmit memory of agricultural biodiversity and ecosystem services, and how s...
Published on Dec 17, 2012in Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 1.38
V. Ernesto Méndez16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UVM: University of Vermont),
Christopher M. Bacon8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Santa Clara University),
Roseann Cohen5
Estimated H-index: 5
This article traces multiple directions in the evolution of agroecology, from its early emphasis on ecological processes in agricultural systems, to its emergence as a multidimensional approach focusing on broader agro-food systems. This review is timely, as agroecology is being increasingly applied within a diversity of scientific-, policy-, and farmer-based initiatives. We contrast different agroecological perspectives or “agroecologies” and discuss the characteristics of an agroecology charac...
Published on Dec 17, 2012in Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 1.38
Steve Gliessman7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)
Agroecology today has a strong focus on bringing sustainability to food, feed, and fiber production. But there is also a larger focus on the social, economic, and political “drivers” that move food systems beyond the conditions that have created un-sustainability in modern industrial agriculture. With its ecosystem foundation, the science of agroecology has become a powerful tool for food system change when coupled with an understanding of how change occurs in society. In this article, I trace t...
Published on Nov 21, 2011in Annual Review of Environment and Resources 8.62
Thomas P. Tomich27
Estimated H-index: 27
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Sonja Brodt12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
+ 13 AuthorsPierre Mérel12
Estimated H-index: 12
This review by a multidisciplinary team maps key components and emerging connections within the intellectual landscape of agroecology. We attempt to extend and preview agroecology as a discipline in which agriculture can be conceptualized within the context of global change and studied as a coupled system involving a wide range of social and natural processes. This intrinsic coupling, combined with powerful emerging drivers of change, presents challenges for the practice of agroecology and agric...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in The Journal of Peasant Studies 4.75
Miguel A. Altieri50
Estimated H-index: 50
,
Víctor M. Toledo20
Estimated H-index: 20
This paper provides an overview of what we call ‘agroecological revolution’ in Latin America. As the expansion of agroexports and biofuels continues unfolding in Latin America and warming the planet, the concepts of food sovereignty and agroecology-based agricultural production gain increasing attention. New approaches and technologies involving the application of blended agroecological science and indigenous knowledge systems are being spearheaded by a significant number of peasants, NGOs and s...
Published on Jan 1, 2011in The Journal of Peasant Studies 4.75
Joan Martinez-Alier39
Estimated H-index: 39
Via Campesina supports peasant and small farmer agriculture both in the South and in the North. Its basic doctrine is that of ‘food sovereignty’. It is a movement that defends an ‘ecological neo-Narodnism’. Among the analytical tools used by this international peasant movement is the comparison between the energy efficiency of traditional small farm agriculture and modern industrial agriculture. This article briefly recalls the history of agricultural energetics, and then looks at the use of the...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in The Journal of Peasant Studies 4.75
María Elena Martínez-Torres8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Peter Rosset22
Estimated H-index: 22
The origin and evolution of the transnational peasant movement La Via Campesina is analysed through five evolutionary stages. In the 1980s the withdrawal of the state from rural areas simultaneously weakened corporativist and clientelist control over rural organisations, even as conditions worsened in the countryside. This gave rise to a new generation of more autonomous peasant organisations, who saw the origins of their similar problems as largely coming from beyond the national borders of wea...
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Agronomy for Sustainable Development 4.26
A. Wezel1
Estimated H-index: 1
Agroecology involves various approaches to solve actual challenges of agricultural production. Though agroecology initially dealt primarily with crop production and protection aspects, in recent decades new dimensions such as environmental, social, economic, ethical and development issues are becoming relevant. Today, the term 'agroecology' means either a scientific discipline, agricultural practice, or political or social movement. Here we study the different meanings of agroecology. For that w...
Maria Kaika51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Manchester)
In recent years, urban research has become increasingly concerned with the social, political and economic implications of the techno-political and socio-scientific consensus that the present unsustainable and unjust environmental conditions require a transformation of the way urban life is organized. In the article, I shall argue that the present consensual vision of the urban environment presenting a clear and present danger annuls the properly political moment and contributes to what a number ...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in The Journal of Peasant Studies 4.75
Philip McMichael41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Cornell University)
Food regime analysis emerged to explain the strategic role of agriculture and food in the construction of the world capitalist economy. It identifies stable periods of capital accumulation associated with particular configurations of geopolitical power, conditioned by forms of agricultural production and consumption relations within and across national spaces. Contradictory relations within food regimes produce crisis, transformation, and transition to successor regimes. This ‘genealogy’ traces ...
Cited By1
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of Rural Studies 3.30
Ellinor Isgren3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Lund University)
Sustainable agricultural development that prioritizes the needs and respects the rights of smallholder farmers is widely framed as a societal goal by both national governments and international institutions. However, in many places this remains an elusive goal, not least in sub-Saharan Africa. The past decades have seen new types of rural social movements emerge, demanding socially just and environmentally sustainable trajectories of agrarian change. But there are also places where this is seemi...