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Avoiding lodging in irrigated spring wheat. I. Stem and root structural requirements

Published on Sep 1, 2016in Field Crops Research3.87
· DOI :10.1016/j.fcr.2016.06.009
F.J. Piñera-Chavez2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
P.M. Berry13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ADAS)
+ 2 AuthorsMatthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Cite
Abstract
Abstract A model of the lodging process has been successfully adapted for use on spring wheat grown in North-West Mexico (NWM). The lodging model was used to estimate the lodging-associated traits required to enable spring wheat grown in NWM with a typical yield of 6 t ha −1 and plant height of 0.7 m to achieve a lodging return period of 25 years. Target traits included a root plate spread of 51 mm and stem strength of the bottom internode of 268 N mm. These target traits increased to 54.5 mm and 325 N mm, respectively, for a crop yielding 10 t ha −1 . Analysis of multiple genotypes across three growing seasons enabled relationships between both stem strength and root plate spread with structural dry matter to be quantified. A NWM lodging resistant ideotype yielding 6 t ha −1 would require 3.93 t ha −1 of structural stem biomass and 1.10 t ha −1 of root biomass in the top 10 cm of soil, which would result in a harvest index (HI) of 0.46 after accounting for chaff and leaf biomass. A crop yielding 10 t ha −1 would achieve a HI of 0.54 for 0.7 m tall plants or 0.41 for more typical 1.0 m tall plants. This study indicates that for plant breeders to achieve both high yields and lodging-proofness they must either breed for greater total biomass or develop high yielding germplasm from shorter crops.
  • References (64)
  • Citations (9)
Cite
References64
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Field Crops Research3.87
F.J. Piñera-Chavez2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
P.M. Berry13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ADAS)
+ 2 AuthorsMatthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Abstract Lodging-related traits were evaluated on the CIMMYT Core spring wheat Germplasm Panel (CIMCOG) in the Yaqui Valley of North-West Mexico during three seasons (2010–2013). Genetic variation was significant for all the lodging-related traits in the cross-year analysis, however, significant G × E interaction due to rank changes or changes in the absolute differences between cultivars were identified. The inconsistences on cultivar performances across seasons particularly reduced the heritab...
Published on Jan 1, 2016
M. Lantican1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
H. J. Braun24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 5 AuthorsOlaf Erenstein24
Estimated H-index: 24
Published on May 1, 2015in Euphytica1.53
Pete Berry5
Estimated H-index: 5
(ADAS),
S. Kendall1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ADAS)
+ 2 AuthorsSimon Griffiths27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Norwich Research Park)
The relationship between crop height and yield is complex with genes and genetic markers for greater height associated with both increases and decreases in yield. As a result of this the optimum height for maximum potential yield is not well understood and has been estimated at between 70 and 100 cm. This study investigated the effect of plant breeding on the height of UK winter wheat varieties by analysing data on straw shortness scores and absolute height collected from UK national variety tes...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Crop Science1.64
K. A. B. Aisawi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Nottingham),
Matthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
+ 1 AuthorsM.J. Foulkes17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Nottingham)
Published on Mar 1, 2014in Field Crops Research3.87
Allan Peake6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Southern Queensland),
Neil I. Huth23
Estimated H-index: 23
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
+ 2 AuthorsRod Smith18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Southern Queensland)
Approximately 15% of global wheat production (40% of the wheat produced by developing countries)occurs in irrigated, low-rainfall regions of the subtropics. Irrigated wheat is uncommon in sub-tropical Australia because cotton is more profitable, but high grain prices in 2008 triggered a record area of irrigated wheat production. Unfortunately, widespread lodging occurred and yields were lower than expected, although the losses directly attributable to lodging were unknown. Crop models have not b...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Theoretical and Applied Genetics3.93
Yunfeng Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Ruifang Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 7 AuthorsDiaoguo An14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Key message The present study identified some new important genomic regions and demonstrated the availability of conditional analysis in dissecting QTLs induced by environmental factors.
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Genetics and Molecular Research
Z.K. Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
X.L. Jiang1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsJ.C. Tian1
Estimated H-index: 1
Biomass yield is one of the most important traits for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-breeding programs. Increasing the yield of the aerial parts of wheat varieties will be an integral component of future wheat improvement; however, little is known regarding the genetic control of aerial part yield. A doubled haploid population, comprising 168 lines derived from a cross between two winter wheat cultivars, 'Huapei 3' (HP3) and 'Yumai 57' (YM57), was investigated. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for to...
Published on Nov 12, 2013in Boundary-Layer Meteorology3.15
John Finnigan28
Estimated H-index: 28
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
Measurements of mean and fluctuating velocities, surface pressure and stalk waving have been made in a uniform wheat canopy. Features of the vertical profiles of mean turbulence quantities are discussed in the context of the resonant waving of wheat stalks. The discrete and prominent peaks in the velocity spectra measured in and above the canopy are then analyzed in the light of the organized travelling wave-type structure or ‘honami’, observed in such crops on windy days. Prominent peaks in the...
Published on Apr 11, 2013in Journal of Botany
Andreas Kempe3
Estimated H-index: 3
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology),
Martin Sommer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology),
Christoph Neinhuis32
Estimated H-index: 32
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
Similarities in structural organization of the culm in Poaceae, Juncaceae, and Cyperaceae such as leaf sheaths and the presence of intercalary meristems at every node suggest the same mechanical properties and, accordingly, the same functionality. Meristems are zones of tissue formation, which constitute areas of weakness along the entire culm and provide the basis for rapid shoot elongation. Leaf sheaths clasp the culm preventing the shoot from breaking, ensuring the rigidity to grow erectly an...
Published on Dec 1, 2012in Plant Physiology6.30
C. Mariano Cossani10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
Matthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Wheat ( Triticum aestivum ) represents about 30% of the world’s cereal area, with over 220 million ha cultivated worldwide, often under abiotic stress. Wheat growth can be impaired by heat stress ([HS][1]) at any developmental stage, and modeling scenarios predict even warmer temperatures in the
Cited By9
Newest
Published on Jul 9, 2019
Jonathon Gibbs3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Alexandra J. Burgess5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 2 AuthorsErik H. Murchie23
Estimated H-index: 23
Published on 2019in Field Crops Research3.87
Wei Wu10
Estimated H-index: 10
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University),
B. L. Ma24
Estimated H-index: 24
(AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
+ 4 AuthorsH. D. Voldeng17
Estimated H-index: 17
(AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
Abstract Crop lodging (stem and root lodging) is one of the main constraints limiting grain yield and quality in spring wheat production, especially under high–yielding conditions. Few studies have been conducted to clarify the trade–off between grain yield and lodging resistance, and assess whether it is possible to manage lodging risk without a yield reduction penalty. Developing appropriate nitrogen (N) fertilizer management strategies for driving grain yield/quality while reducing (or at lea...
Published on May 1, 2019in Field Crops Research3.87
Carolina Rivera-Amado1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Carolina Rivera-Amado (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)+ 3 AuthorsM. John Foulkes16
Estimated H-index: 16
Abstract Improving biomass is an important goal for future genetic gains in yield potential in wheat, but it will also be crucial to identify physiological traits to maximize harvest index (HI, proportion of aboveground biomass in grain). Increased grain partitioning will require increased dry-matter (DM) partitioning to the spikes at anthesis as well as enhanced fruiting efficiency (FE, grains per g spike dry matter at anthesis or chaff dry matter at harvest), whilst optimizing the partitioning...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Field Crops Research3.87
Tie Cai4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Tie Cai6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
+ 6 AuthorsZhikuan Jia13
Estimated H-index: 13
Abstract Lodging negatively affects wheat production worldwide. However, little is known about the potential of intercropping (different genotypes of wheat are planted in alternating rows) and mixed cropping of different genotypes to enhance the lodging resistance of wheat populations. In this study, a field experiment was conducted with two cultivars, ‘Shannong8355’ (SN8355, a lodging-resistant cultivar) and ‘Shannong15’ (SN15, a lodging-susceptible cultivar), to investigate the effect of these...
Published on May 1, 2019in Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants1.54
Rinki Khobra1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research),
Sindhu Sareen7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
+ 3 AuthorsGursharan Singh1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
The rising population entails enhancement in wheat productivity to ensure substantial food supply which often get hindered by various biotic and abiotic stresses. Lodging, due to rain and high velocity wind causes significant economic and yield losses in cereals. Hence, lodging is emerging as a major hurdle to achieve the required yield targets. Various morphological, biochemical, anatomical and genetic traits contribute to produce a plant competent enough to bear lodging stress. Hence, in this ...
Sugandh Chauhan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UT: University of Twente),
S. Chauhan (UT: University of Twente)+ 2 AuthorsAndrew Nelson31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UT: University of Twente)
Abstract Rapid and quantitative assessment of crop lodging is important for understanding the causes of the phenomena, improving crop management, making better production and supporting loss estimates in general. Accurate information on the location and timing of crop lodging is valuable for farmers, agronomists, insurance loss adjusters, and policymakers. Lodging studies can be performed to assess the impact of lodging events or to model the risk of occurrence, both of which rely on information...
Published on Apr 29, 2019in Journal of Experimental Botany5.36
Alexandra J. Burgess5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Nottingham),
Jonathon Gibbs3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Nottingham),
Erik H. Murchie23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Nottingham)
Wind-induced movement is a ubiquitous occurrence for all plants grown in natural or agricultural settings and in the context of high, damaging wind speeds it has been well studied. However, the impact of lower wind speeds (that do not cause any damage) on mode of movement, light transmission and photosynthetic properties has, surprisingly, not been fully explored. This is likely to be influenced by biomechanical properties and architectural features of the plant and canopy. A limited number of e...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Crop & Pasture Science1.33
N. E. Mirabella2
Estimated H-index: 2
(INTA: International Trademark Association),
P. E. Abbate13
Estimated H-index: 13
(INTA: International Trademark Association)
+ 2 AuthorsAna C. Pontaroli13
Estimated H-index: 13
(CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)
Lodging is the permanent displacement of plant shoots from an upright position and represents a major obstacle to reaching yield potential in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Breeding programs would benefit from the identification of lodging-related traits amenable to easy and rapid screening, even in the absence of lodging. However, no locally tested lodging model is available for the Pampas region of Argentina, and most lodging models are based on measurements before crop maturity. We adapt...
View next paperPredicting yield losses caused by lodging in wheat