Avoiding lodging in irrigated spring wheat. I. Stem and root structural requirements

Published on Sep 1, 2016in Field Crops Research3.868
· DOI :10.1016/j.fcr.2016.06.009
F.J. Piñera-Chavez2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
P. M. Berry24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 2 AuthorsMatthew P. Reynolds60
Estimated H-index: 60
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Abstract A model of the lodging process has been successfully adapted for use on spring wheat grown in North-West Mexico (NWM). The lodging model was used to estimate the lodging-associated traits required to enable spring wheat grown in NWM with a typical yield of 6 t ha −1 and plant height of 0.7 m to achieve a lodging return period of 25 years. Target traits included a root plate spread of 51 mm and stem strength of the bottom internode of 268 N mm. These target traits increased to 54.5 mm and 325 N mm, respectively, for a crop yielding 10 t ha −1 . Analysis of multiple genotypes across three growing seasons enabled relationships between both stem strength and root plate spread with structural dry matter to be quantified. A NWM lodging resistant ideotype yielding 6 t ha −1 would require 3.93 t ha −1 of structural stem biomass and 1.10 t ha −1 of root biomass in the top 10 cm of soil, which would result in a harvest index (HI) of 0.46 after accounting for chaff and leaf biomass. A crop yielding 10 t ha −1 would achieve a HI of 0.54 for 0.7 m tall plants or 0.41 for more typical 1.0 m tall plants. This study indicates that for plant breeders to achieve both high yields and lodging-proofness they must either breed for greater total biomass or develop high yielding germplasm from shorter crops.
  • References (65)
  • Citations (13)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
60 Citations
209 Citations
103 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1F.J. Piñera-Chavez (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 2
#2P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
Last. Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Lodging-related traits were evaluated on the CIMMYT Core spring wheat Germplasm Panel (CIMCOG) in the Yaqui Valley of North-West Mexico during three seasons (2010–2013). Genetic variation was significant for all the lodging-related traits in the cross-year analysis, however, significant G × E interaction due to rank changes or changes in the absolute differences between cultivars were identified. The inconsistences on cultivar performances across seasons particularly reduced the heritab...
23 CitationsSource
#1M. LanticanH-Index: 1
#2Hans-Joachim BraunH-Index: 26
Last. Olaf ErensteinH-Index: 26
view all 8 authors...
11 Citations
#1K. A. B. Aisawi (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 1
#2Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
Last. M. J. Foulkes (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
55 CitationsSource
#1P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
#2S. Kendall (ADAS)H-Index: 1
Last. Simon Griffiths (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 27
view all 5 authors...
The relationship between crop height and yield is complex with genes and genetic markers for greater height associated with both increases and decreases in yield. As a result of this the optimum height for maximum potential yield is not well understood and has been estimated at between 70 and 100 cm. This study investigated the effect of plant breeding on the height of UK winter wheat varieties by analysing data on straw shortness scores and absolute height collected from UK national variety tes...
13 CitationsSource
#1Allan Peake (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 6
#2Neil I. Huth (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 24
Last. Rod Smith (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
Approximately 15% of global wheat production (40% of the wheat produced by developing countries)occurs in irrigated, low-rainfall regions of the subtropics. Irrigated wheat is uncommon in sub-tropical Australia because cotton is more profitable, but high grain prices in 2008 triggered a record area of irrigated wheat production. Unfortunately, widespread lodging occurred and yields were lower than expected, although the losses directly attributable to lodging were unknown. Crop models have not b...
18 CitationsSource
#1Z.K. LiH-Index: 1
#2X.L. JiangH-Index: 1
Last. J.C. TianH-Index: 1
view all 8 authors...
Biomass yield is one of the most important traits for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-breeding programs. Increasing the yield of the aerial parts of wheat varieties will be an integral component of future wheat improvement; however, little is known regarding the genetic control of aerial part yield. A doubled haploid population, comprising 168 lines derived from a cross between two winter wheat cultivars, 'Huapei 3' (HP3) and 'Yumai 57' (YM57), was investigated. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for to...
8 CitationsSource
#1Yunfeng Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
#2Ruifang Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Diaoguo An (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
view all 10 authors...
Key message The present study identified some new important genomic regions and demonstrated the availability of conditional analysis in dissecting QTLs induced by environmental factors.
48 CitationsSource
#1Andreas Kempe (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 3
#2Martin Sommer (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Christoph Neinhuis (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
Similarities in structural organization of the culm in Poaceae, Juncaceae, and Cyperaceae such as leaf sheaths and the presence of intercalary meristems at every node suggest the same mechanical properties and, accordingly, the same functionality. Meristems are zones of tissue formation, which constitute areas of weakness along the entire culm and provide the basis for rapid shoot elongation. Leaf sheaths clasp the culm preventing the shoot from breaking, ensuring the rigidity to grow erectly an...
6 CitationsSource
#1C. Mariano Cossani (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 11
#2Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
Wheat ( Triticum aestivum ) represents about 30% of the world’s cereal area, with over 220 million ha cultivated worldwide, often under abiotic stress. Wheat growth can be impaired by heat stress ([HS][1]) at any developmental stage, and modeling scenarios predict even warmer temperatures in the
110 CitationsSource
#1K. K. Suji (TNAU: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
#2K. R. Biji (TNAU: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University)H-Index: 7
Last. R. Chandra Babu (TNAU: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University)H-Index: 17
view all 8 authors...
Drought is a major abiotic stress limiting rice production and yield stability in rainfed ecosystems. Identifying quantitative trait loci (QTL) for rice yield and yield components under water limited environments will help to develop drought resilient cultivars using marker assisted breeding (MAB) strategy. A total of 232 recombinant inbred lines of IR62266/Norungan were used to map QTLs for plant phenology and production traits under rainfed condition in target population of environments. A tot...
15 CitationsSource
Cited By13
#1Kaixian Wu (Yunnan Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
#2Feng Zhou (Yunnan Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
Last. Bozhi Wu (Yunnan Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTRoot lodging is known to reduce the yield and quality of maize, which will be more serious driven by the changes in agriculture such as the higher planting density and the more extreme prec...
#1Changjiang LiH-Index: 5
Last. Wei WuH-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
#1Matthew R. ReynoldsH-Index: 62
#1Matthew P. ReynoldsH-Index: 60
Last. Sivakumar SukumaranH-Index: 12
view all 12 authors...
Abstract The word phenotyping can nowadays invoke visions of a drone or phenocart moving swiftly across research plots collecting high-resolution data sets on a wide array of traits. This has been made possible by recent advances in sensor technology and data processing. Nonetheless, more comprehensive often destructive phenotyping still has much to offer in breeding as well as research. This review considers the ‘breeder friendliness’ of phenotyping within three main domains: (i) the ‘minimum d...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jonathon Ashley Gibbs (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 4
#2Alexandra J. Burgess (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 6
Last. Erik H. Murchie (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
Understanding the relationships between local environmental conditions and plant structure and function is critical for both fundamental science and for improving the performance of crops in field settings. Wind-induced plant motion is important in most agricultural systems, yet the complexity of the field environment means that it remained understudied. Despite the ready availability of image sequences showing plant motion, the cultivation of crop plants in dense field stands makes it difficult...
#1Wei Wu (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 15
#2Bao-Luo Ma (AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)H-Index: 33
Last. Harvey D. Voldeng (AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)H-Index: 19
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Crop lodging (stem and root lodging) is one of the main constraints limiting grain yield and quality in spring wheat production, especially under high–yielding conditions. Few studies have been conducted to clarify the trade–off between grain yield and lodging resistance, and assess whether it is possible to manage lodging risk without a yield reduction penalty. Developing appropriate nitrogen (N) fertilizer management strategies for driving grain yield/quality while reducing (or at lea...
1 CitationsSource
#1Carolina Rivera-Amado (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
#2Eliseo Trujillo-Negrellos (University of Nottingham)
Last. M. John Foulkes (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 16
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Improving biomass is an important goal for future genetic gains in yield potential in wheat, but it will also be crucial to identify physiological traits to maximize harvest index (HI, proportion of aboveground biomass in grain). Increased grain partitioning will require increased dry-matter (DM) partitioning to the spikes at anthesis as well as enhanced fruiting efficiency (FE, grains per g spike dry matter at anthesis or chaff dry matter at harvest), whilst optimizing the partitioning...
#1Tie Cai (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 6
#2Dianliang Peng (WFU: Weifang University)
Last. Xiaolong Ren (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 13
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Lodging negatively affects wheat production worldwide. However, little is known about the potential of intercropping (different genotypes of wheat are planted in alternating rows) and mixed cropping of different genotypes to enhance the lodging resistance of wheat populations. In this study, a field experiment was conducted with two cultivars, ‘Shannong8355’ (SN8355, a lodging-resistant cultivar) and ‘Shannong15’ (SN15, a lodging-susceptible cultivar), to investigate the effect of these...
#1Sugandh Chauhan (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 1
#2Roshanak Darvishzadeh (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 18
Last. Andrew Nelson (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 34
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Rapid and quantitative assessment of crop lodging is important for understanding the causes of the phenomena, improving crop management, making better production and supporting loss estimates in general. Accurate information on the location and timing of crop lodging is valuable for farmers, agronomists, insurance loss adjusters, and policymakers. Lodging studies can be performed to assess the impact of lodging events or to model the risk of occurrence, both of which rely on information...
#1Alexandra J. Burgess (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 6
#2Jonathon Ashley Gibbs (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 4
Last. Erik H. Murchie (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Wind-induced movement is a ubiquitous occurrence for all plants grown in natural or agricultural settings and in the context of high, damaging wind speeds it has been well studied. However, the impact of lower wind speeds (that do not cause any damage) on mode of movement, light transmission and photosynthetic properties has, surprisingly, not been fully explored. This is likely to be influenced by biomechanical properties and architectural features of the plant and canopy. A limited number of e...
6 CitationsSource
#1N. E. Mirabella (INTA: International Trademark Association)H-Index: 2
#2P. E. Abbate (INTA: International Trademark Association)H-Index: 14
Last. Ana C. Pontaroli (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 13
view all 5 authors...
Lodging is the permanent displacement of plant shoots from an upright position and represents a major obstacle to reaching yield potential in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Breeding programs would benefit from the identification of lodging-related traits amenable to easy and rapid screening, even in the absence of lodging. However, no locally tested lodging model is available for the Pampas region of Argentina, and most lodging models are based on measurements before crop maturity. We adapt...